ISBN-10:
0393602540
ISBN-13:
9780393602548
Pub. Date:
08/11/2017
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Women, Men & US Politics: 10 Big Questions

Women, Men & US Politics: 10 Big Questions

by Jennifer L. Lawless, Richard L. Fox
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Overview

Challenging the conventional wisdom about gender and U.S. politics.


Renowned researchers and writers Jen Lawless and Richard Fox bring groundbreaking research on gender and politics into the undergraduate classroom. In this brief, accessibly written text, the authors focus on the big empirical questions that animate the study of gender and politics and ask students to think critically and analytically about these often surprising findings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393602548
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 08/11/2017
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 232
Sales rank: 874,603
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Jennifer L. Lawless is professor of government at American University, where she is also the director of the Women & Politics Institute. She received her Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University in 2003 and her B.A. from Union College in 1997. Professor Lawless’s research, which has been supported by the National Science Foundation, focuses on representation, political ambition, and gender in the electoral process. She is the author of Becoming a Candidate: Political Ambition and the Decision to Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2012) and the coauthor of Women on the Run: Gender, Media, and Campaigns in a Polarized Era (Cambridge University Press, 2016), Running from Office: Why Young Americans Are Turned Off to Politics (Oxford University Press, 2015), and It Still Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don’t Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2010). Her work has appeared in academic journals including the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Perspectives on Politics, Journal of Politics, Political Research Quarterly, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and Politics & Gender (of which she served as editor from 2010 till 2013). She is also a nationally recognized speaker on electoral politics. Her scholarly analysis and political commentary have been quoted in numerous newspapers, magazines, television news programs, and radio shows. For the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections, she was part of the NBC’s Decision Night in America programming. In 2006, she sought the Democratic nomination to the U.S. House of Representatives in Rhode Island’s second congressional district.

Richard L. Fox is professor of political science at Loyola Marymount University. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and his B.A. from Claremont McKenna College. His research, which has been funded by the National Science Foundation, and teaching focus on the U.S. Congress, elections, media and politics, and gender politics. He is the coeditor of iPolitics: Citizens, Elections, and Governing in the New Media Era (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2013). He is also the coauthor of Running from Office: Why Young Americans Are Turned Off to Politics (Oxford University Press, 2015), It Still Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don’t Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Tabloid Justice: The Criminal Justice System in the Age of Media Frenzy, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner, 2007). His work has appeared in journals including the American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, American Journal of Political Science, Political Psychology, PS, and Politics & Gender. He has also published op-eds in the Washington Post, New York Times, and Wall Street Journal. Prior to coming to Loyola Marymount University, he was professor and chair of the political science department at Union College in Schenectady, NY.

Table of Contents

About the Authors xi

Preface and Acknowledgments xiii

Chapter 1 Triumph and Defeat: Election 2016 and the State of Contemporary Feminism 3

Key Question: Did Feminism Die with the 2016 Presidential Election?

Feminism and Women's Rights: Alive and Well or at Death's Doorstep? 6

A Nation of Feminists? Never Were, Probably Never Will Be 7

A Nation of Feminists? Seems Like We Are and Will Continue to Be 9

A Nation of Feminists? No Way! America Elected Donald. Trump President 12

Where Do We Go from Here? 16

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 20

For Further Exploration 21

Chapter 2 Falling Further Behind: Women's Underrepresentation in U.S. Politics 23

Key Question: Why Do More than 100 Nations Outrank the United States When it Comes to Electing Women?

Not in the Top 100? How Can That Be? Reason One: Electoral Rules of the Game 26

Not in the Top 100? How Can That Be? Reason Two: The Enduring Gender Gap in Political Ambition 29

Where Do We Go from Here? 33

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 36

For Further Exploration 37

Chapter 3 Girl Power isn't Political Power: The Gender Gap in Political Ambition 39

Key Question: Will the Next Generation of Elected Leaders Continue to be Dominated by Men?

He Will Run, She Will Not: Gender Differences in Becoming a Candidate 41

Two Reasons Young Women Are Less Politically Ambitious Than Young Men 46

You Don't Go Girl: The Gender Gap in Encouragement to Run for Office 46

I Could Never Do That: The Gender Gap in Self-Perceptions 48

Where Do We Go from Here? 50

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 52

For Further Exploration 53

Chapter 4 Into the Frying Pan: Women's Experiences Running for Office 55

Key Question: Do Women Have A Tougher Time Getting Elected than Men?

All the News That's Fit to Print: Coverage of Male and Female Candidates 58

Party over Sex: Voters' Assessment of Male and Female Candidates 61

Money and Votes: Male and Female Candidates' Performance in Congressional Elections 63

Where Do We Go from Here? 66

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 68

For Further Exploration 69

Chapter 5 Show me the Money: The Male-Dominated World of Campaign Finance 71

Key Question: Are Women and Men Equally Likely to use Money to Grease the Wheels of the Political System?

He Gives, She Gives Less: Political Contributions to Candidates, PACs, and Parties 75

The Post-Citizens United World: Chasing the Male Billionaire 76

Where Does the Money Go? Gender Differences in Partisan and Ideological Contributions 79

Where Do We Go from Here? 83

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 84

For Further Exploration 85

Chapter 6 His and Her Politics: Examining the Gender Gap 87

Key Question: Do Women and Men Have Different Political Views?

The Battle of the Sexes in U.S. Politics 89

She's More Liberal, He's More Conservative: The Gender Gap in Policy Preferences 90

She's a Democrat, He's a Republican: The Gender Gap in Party Affiliation 92

She Votes Democratic, He Votes Republican: The Gender Gap in Candidate Selection 93

Women Are Not All the Same: A Sub-Group Examination of the Gender Gap 95

Where Do We Go from Here? 97

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 100

For Further Exploration 101

Chapter 7 He's A Partisan. She's a Partisan: Gender in the U.S. COngress 103

Key Question: Do Male and Female Members of Congress do their Jobs Differently?

Friends Don't Let Friends Cross the Aisle: Sex versus Partisanship in the U.S. Congress 105

Gender and Social Engagement among Members of Congress 106

Gender and Bill Sponsorship and Cosponsorship 107

Gender and Procedural Votes 109

Gender and Final Passage Votes 111

Where Do We Go from Here? 112

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 116

For Further Exploration 117

Chapter 8 He Earns, She Earns (Less): The Wage Gap and Pay Equity in the United States 119

Key Question: Do Women Really Make Only 80 Cents for Every Dollar Earned by Men?

The Wage Gap: Alive and Well, No Matter How We Measure It 121

Stuck at 80 Cents: Explaining the Root Causes of Women's Lower Pay 125

Men and Women at Work: Gender and Occupational Segregation 125

Should She Stay or Should She Go? Gender, Child Care, and Leaving the Workforce 128

She Doesn't Ask for Much: The Gender Gap in Salary Negotiations 130

Where Do We Go from Here? 132

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 134

For Further Exploration 135

Chapter 9 The Past, Present, and Future of Reproductive Rights in the United States 137

Key Question: How Secure is a Woman's Right to an Abortion?

A Divided but Stable Nation: Abortion and Public Opinion 139

The "Law of Five": Abortion and the Supreme Court 142

A Big Move to the Right: Abortion and State Legislative Politics 144

No Common Ground: Abortion and the U.S. Congress 147

Where Do We Go from Here? 149

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 150

For Further Exploration 151

Chapter 10 "Free To Be" or Still a Bumpy Ride? Gender Equality in the United States 153

Key Question: Do Young Women and Men Feel Equally Free to Pursue their Professional and Personal Dreams?

Anything He Can Do, She Can Do, Too: Young People's Professional Goals and Attitudes 156

Business Owner, Mother, and Maid: Gender and Family Roles in the Modern Era 162

Where Do We Go from Here? 164

Questions for Reflection and Discussion 166

For Further Exploration 167

Endnotes 169

Credits 201

Index 203

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