Women, Men & US Politics: 10 Big Questions available in Paperback
Challenging the conventional wisdom about gender and U.S. politics.
Renowned researchers and writers Jen Lawless and Richard Fox bring groundbreaking research on gender and politics into the undergraduate classroom. In this brief, accessibly written text, the authors focus on the big empirical questions that animate the study of gender and politics and ask students to think critically and analytically about these often surprising findings.
|Publisher:||Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.|
|Edition description:||First Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.50(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)|
About the Author
Jennifer L. Lawless is professor of government at American University, where she is also the director of the Women & Politics Institute. She received her Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University in 2003 and her B.A. from Union College in 1997. Professor Lawless’s research, which has been supported by the National Science Foundation, focuses on representation, political ambition, and gender in the electoral process. She is the author of Becoming a Candidate: Political Ambition and the Decision to Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2012) and the coauthor of Women on the Run: Gender, Media, and Campaigns in a Polarized Era (Cambridge University Press, 2016), Running from Office: Why Young Americans Are Turned Off to Politics (Oxford University Press, 2015), and It Still Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don’t Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2010). Her work has appeared in academic journals including the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Perspectives on Politics, Journal of Politics, Political Research Quarterly, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and Politics & Gender (of which she served as editor from 2010 till 2013). She is also a nationally recognized speaker on electoral politics. Her scholarly analysis and political commentary have been quoted in numerous newspapers, magazines, television news programs, and radio shows. For the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections, she was part of the NBC’s Decision Night in America programming. In 2006, she sought the Democratic nomination to the U.S. House of Representatives in Rhode Island’s second congressional district.
Richard L. Fox is professor of political science at Loyola Marymount University. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and his B.A. from Claremont McKenna College. His research, which has been funded by the National Science Foundation, and teaching focus on the U.S. Congress, elections, media and politics, and gender politics. He is the coeditor of iPolitics: Citizens, Elections, and Governing in the New Media Era (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2013). He is also the coauthor of Running from Office: Why Young Americans Are Turned Off to Politics (Oxford University Press, 2015), It Still Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don’t Run for Office (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Tabloid Justice: The Criminal Justice System in the Age of Media Frenzy, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner, 2007). His work has appeared in journals including the American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, American Journal of Political Science, Political Psychology, PS, and Politics & Gender. He has also published op-eds in the Washington Post, New York Times, and Wall Street Journal. Prior to coming to Loyola Marymount University, he was professor and chair of the political science department at Union College in Schenectady, NY.
Table of Contents
About the Authors xi
Preface and Acknowledgments xiii
Chapter 1 Triumph and Defeat: Election 2016 and the State of Contemporary Feminism 3
Key Question: Did Feminism Die with the 2016 Presidential Election?
Feminism and Women's Rights: Alive and Well or at Death's Doorstep? 6
A Nation of Feminists? Never Were, Probably Never Will Be 7
A Nation of Feminists? Seems Like We Are and Will Continue to Be 9
A Nation of Feminists? No Way! America Elected Donald. Trump President 12
Where Do We Go from Here? 16
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 20
For Further Exploration 21
Chapter 2 Falling Further Behind: Women's Underrepresentation in U.S. Politics 23
Key Question: Why Do More than 100 Nations Outrank the United States When it Comes to Electing Women?
Not in the Top 100? How Can That Be? Reason One: Electoral Rules of the Game 26
Not in the Top 100? How Can That Be? Reason Two: The Enduring Gender Gap in Political Ambition 29
Where Do We Go from Here? 33
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 36
For Further Exploration 37
Chapter 3 Girl Power isn't Political Power: The Gender Gap in Political Ambition 39
Key Question: Will the Next Generation of Elected Leaders Continue to be Dominated by Men?
He Will Run, She Will Not: Gender Differences in Becoming a Candidate 41
Two Reasons Young Women Are Less Politically Ambitious Than Young Men 46
You Don't Go Girl: The Gender Gap in Encouragement to Run for Office 46
I Could Never Do That: The Gender Gap in Self-Perceptions 48
Where Do We Go from Here? 50
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 52
For Further Exploration 53
Chapter 4 Into the Frying Pan: Women's Experiences Running for Office 55
Key Question: Do Women Have A Tougher Time Getting Elected than Men?
All the News That's Fit to Print: Coverage of Male and Female Candidates 58
Party over Sex: Voters' Assessment of Male and Female Candidates 61
Money and Votes: Male and Female Candidates' Performance in Congressional Elections 63
Where Do We Go from Here? 66
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 68
For Further Exploration 69
Chapter 5 Show me the Money: The Male-Dominated World of Campaign Finance 71
Key Question: Are Women and Men Equally Likely to use Money to Grease the Wheels of the Political System?
He Gives, She Gives Less: Political Contributions to Candidates, PACs, and Parties 75
The Post-Citizens United World: Chasing the Male Billionaire 76
Where Does the Money Go? Gender Differences in Partisan and Ideological Contributions 79
Where Do We Go from Here? 83
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 84
For Further Exploration 85
Chapter 6 His and Her Politics: Examining the Gender Gap 87
Key Question: Do Women and Men Have Different Political Views?
The Battle of the Sexes in U.S. Politics 89
She's More Liberal, He's More Conservative: The Gender Gap in Policy Preferences 90
She's a Democrat, He's a Republican: The Gender Gap in Party Affiliation 92
She Votes Democratic, He Votes Republican: The Gender Gap in Candidate Selection 93
Women Are Not All the Same: A Sub-Group Examination of the Gender Gap 95
Where Do We Go from Here? 97
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 100
For Further Exploration 101
Chapter 7 He's A Partisan. She's a Partisan: Gender in the U.S. COngress 103
Key Question: Do Male and Female Members of Congress do their Jobs Differently?
Friends Don't Let Friends Cross the Aisle: Sex versus Partisanship in the U.S. Congress 105
Gender and Social Engagement among Members of Congress 106
Gender and Bill Sponsorship and Cosponsorship 107
Gender and Procedural Votes 109
Gender and Final Passage Votes 111
Where Do We Go from Here? 112
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 116
For Further Exploration 117
Chapter 8 He Earns, She Earns (Less): The Wage Gap and Pay Equity in the United States 119
Key Question: Do Women Really Make Only 80 Cents for Every Dollar Earned by Men?
The Wage Gap: Alive and Well, No Matter How We Measure It 121
Stuck at 80 Cents: Explaining the Root Causes of Women's Lower Pay 125
Men and Women at Work: Gender and Occupational Segregation 125
Should She Stay or Should She Go? Gender, Child Care, and Leaving the Workforce 128
She Doesn't Ask for Much: The Gender Gap in Salary Negotiations 130
Where Do We Go from Here? 132
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 134
For Further Exploration 135
Chapter 9 The Past, Present, and Future of Reproductive Rights in the United States 137
Key Question: How Secure is a Woman's Right to an Abortion?
A Divided but Stable Nation: Abortion and Public Opinion 139
The "Law of Five": Abortion and the Supreme Court 142
A Big Move to the Right: Abortion and State Legislative Politics 144
No Common Ground: Abortion and the U.S. Congress 147
Where Do We Go from Here? 149
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 150
For Further Exploration 151
Chapter 10 "Free To Be" or Still a Bumpy Ride? Gender Equality in the United States 153
Key Question: Do Young Women and Men Feel Equally Free to Pursue their Professional and Personal Dreams?
Anything He Can Do, She Can Do, Too: Young People's Professional Goals and Attitudes 156
Business Owner, Mother, and Maid: Gender and Family Roles in the Modern Era 162
Where Do We Go from Here? 164
Questions for Reflection and Discussion 166
For Further Exploration 167