United No More!: Stories of the Civil War

United No More!: Stories of the Civil War

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Overview

In the Civil War, the most violent war that America has ever experienced, brothers fought against brothers and millions of lives were changed forever. In this book you'll find seven stories of real people whose important acts made them a part of history. These dramatic and thoroughly researched stories put you in the shoes of Northerners and Southerners as they live out the great dramas of the war. You'll run through the streets of Richmond with hungry women who are rioting to protest unfair food prices. You'll suffer Southerner Eugenia Phillip's humiliating imprisonment on a desolate island. You'll go full speed ahead into Mobile Bay at the side of Admiral David Farragut. You'll carry the Stars and Stripes through the thick of battle along with one of the Union's African American divisions. You'll be there at Lincoln's second inaugural, and with Generals Grant and Lee when they sign the surrender ending the war! Doreen Rappaport and Joan Verniero's vivid histories have won critical praised for bringing true stories to life in realistic detail—a style that Kirkus Reviews called "a model of excellent historical writing." In United No More! Their signature approach sheds new and human light on the events of the great and terrible Civil War.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780060505998
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 12/27/2005
Pages: 144
Product dimensions: 7.25(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.61(d)
Lexile: 780L (what's this?)
Age Range: 8 - 12 Years

About the Author

Doreen Rappaport is well known for her groundbreaking approach to multicultural history and literature for young readers. Her many books include Victory or Death: Stories of the American Revolution; We Are The Many: A Picture Book of American Indians; and Martin's Big Words, winner of the Jane Addams Book Award. She and her husband divide their time between New York City and a rural village in upstate New York.

Read an Excerpt

United No More!

Stories of the Civil War
By Doreen Rappaport

HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.

Copyright © 2005 Doreen Rappaport
All right reserved.

ISBN: 0060506008

Chapter One

The Start of the War

In the mid 1800s, twenty-two million people lived in the North and South. Of the eleven million inhabitants of the South, four million were slaves.

Life in the North and in the South was very different. The North was a manufacturing center. The South was agricultural. Northerners wanted tariffs, or fees, placed on imported goods. Southerners depended on manufactured goods from England. They didn't want tariffs, because the fees raised the prices of these imported goods. Southerners no longer wanted the federal government telling them what to do; they favored states' rights over federal control.

Although the war did not start over slavery, even before the fighting, the issue divided Americans in the North and the South. The question of ending slavery took on momentum as the war continued. At the time of Lincoln's election in 1860, few political leaders in the North advocated an end to slavery. Lincoln was against slavery, but as late as July 1861 he promised to allow it to continue where it existed, but not allow its expansion into other states. Still, the president's Republican Party was very unpopular in the South.

The tensions and differences finally erupted when South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860. Then on April 12 and 13, 1861, rebel Confederates bombarded federal Fort Sumter, and the Civil War began.

Northerners expected to win the war quickly. They had better weapons and equipment, and factories to manufacture more of both. Southerners thought they would win. They believed their men were better shooters, fighters, and horsemen. They also had the advantage of fighting on home territory as most of the battles took place in the South.

July 21, 1861, was a hot, humid day. Lighthearted Washing-tonians in carriages traveled twenty-eight miles across the Potomac and into Virginia to picnic. They expected to see the Union army roust the Confederate troops at Bull Run. The small creek at Bull Run flowed down to the town of Manassas Junction. This crucial railroad junction connected two railroad lines, one from Washington and the valley of Virginia north of Manassas, and another that ran south to Richmond. Whichever side controlled this crossing controlled the approach to the Confederate capital in Richmond. The North expected to win that day, march on to capture Richmond, and end the war. But the Union suffered a surprise defeat in what the North ultimately called the First Battle of Bull Run. The Confederacy named this battle the First Battle of Manassas. Southern women living in the nation's capital were thought to have passed information to the Confederate army about the Union's battle strategy, and a handful were arrested.

The Union regrouped its army. In November 1861 Northerners again packed picnic hampers and traveled across the Potomac River from the capital to see the newly trained troops drill.

Continues...


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Table of Contents

About This Bookvii
The Start of the War1
"The Battle Hymn of the Republic"4
"In Good Spirits"17
"Bread or Blood!"36
"Flag All Free Without a Slave"50
"Full Speed Ahead!"65
"With Malice Toward None"79
The Surrender91
Epilogue104
Important Events105
The Battle Hymn of the Republic109
Second Inaugural Address of Abraham Lincoln111
Acknowledgments114
Selected Research Sources120
Books and Websites for Young Readers127
Index131

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