The Memory of Fire Trilogy: Genesis, Faces and Masks, and Century of the Wind

The Memory of Fire Trilogy: Genesis, Faces and Masks, and Century of the Wind

by Eduardo Galeano

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Now in one collection, the century-spanning trilogy filled with “the wonders of the lands and people of Latin America” (The Washington Post).

Eduardo Galeano’s Memory of Fire Trilogy defies categorization—or perhaps creates its own. It is a passionate, razor-sharp, lyrical history of North and South America, from the birth of the continent’s indigenous peoples through the end of the twentieth century. The three volumes form a haunting and dizzying whole that resurrects the lives of Indians, conquistadors, slaves, revolutionaries, poets, and more.

The first book, Genesis, pays homage to the many origin stories of the tribes of the Americas, and paints a verdant portrait of life in the New World through the age of the conquistadors. The second book, Faces and Masks, spans the two centuries between the years 1700 and 1900, in which colonial powers plundered their newfound territories, ultimately giving way to a rising tide of dictators. And in the final installment, Century of the Wind, Galeano brings his story into the twentieth century, in which a fractured continent enters the modern age as popular revolts blaze from North to South.

This celebrated series is a landmark of contemporary Latin American writing, and a brilliant document of culture. 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781480481435
Publisher: Open Road Media
Publication date: 04/29/2014
Series: Memory of Fire
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 984
Sales rank: 112,859
File size: 8 MB

About the Author

Eduardo Galeano (1940–2015) was one of Latin America’s most distinguished writers. He was the author of the trilogy Memory of Fire, Open Veins of Latin AmericaSoccer in Sun and ShadowDays and Nights of Love and WarThe Book of EmbracesWalking WordsVoices of TimeUpside DownMirrors: Stories of Almost Everyone, and Children of the Days: A Calendar of Human History. Born in Montevideo, he lived in exile in Argentina and Spain for years before returning to Uruguay. His work has inspired popular and classical composers and playwrights from all over the world and has been translated into twenty-eight languages. He was the recipient of many international prizes, including the first Lannan Prize for Cultural Freedom, the American Book Award, the Casa de las Américas Prize, and the First Distinguished Citizen of the region by the countries of Mercosur.

Read an Excerpt

The Memory of Fire Trilogy

Genesis, Faces and Masks, and Century of the Wind

By Eduardo Galeano, Cedric Belfrage

Open Road Integrated Media, Inc.

Copyright © 1982 Eduardo Galeano
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-4804-8143-5



The Creation

The woman and the man dreamed that God was dreaming about them.

God was singing and clacking his maracas as he dreamed his dream in a cloud of tobacco smoke, feeling happy but shaken by doubt and mystery.

The Makiritare Indians know that if God dreams about eating, he gives fertility and food. If God dreams about life, he is born and gives birth.

In their dream about God's dream, the woman and the man were inside a great shining egg, singing and dancing and kicking up a fuss because they were crazy to be born. In God's dream happiness was stronger than doubt and mystery. So dreaming, God created them with a song:

"I break this egg and the woman is born and the man is born. And together they will live and die. But they will be born again. They will be born and die again and be born again. They will never stop being born, because death is a lie." (51)


For the Maya, time was born and had a name when the sky didn't exist and the earth had not yet awakened.

The days set out from the east and started walking.

The first day produced from its entrails the sky and the earth.

The second day made the stairway for the rain to run down.

The cycles of the sea and the land, and the multitude of things, were the work of the third day.

The fourth day willed the earth and the sky to tilt so that they could meet.

The fifth day decided that everyone had to work.

The first light emanated from the sixth day.

In places where there was nothing, the seventh day put soil; the eighth plunged its hands and feet in the soil.

The ninth day created the nether worlds; the tenth earmarked for them those who had poison in their souls.

Inside the sun, the eleventh day modeled stone and tree.

It was the twelfth that made the wind. Wind blew, and it was called spirit because there was no death in it.

The thirteenth day moistened the earth and kneaded the mud into a body like ours.

Thus it is remembered in Yucatán.


The Sun and the Moon

The first sun, the watery sun, was carried off by the flood. All that lived in the world became fish.

The second sun was devoured by tigers.

The third was demolished by a fiery rain that set people ablaze.

The fourth sun, the wind sun, was wiped out by storm. People turned into monkeys and spread throughout the hills.

The gods became thoughtful and got together in Teotihuacán.

"Who will take on the job of dawning?"

The Lord of the Shells, famous for his strength and beauty, stepped forward.

"I'll be the sun," he said.

"Who else?"


Everybody looked at the Small Syphilitic God, the ugliest and wretchedest of all gods, and said, "You."

The Lord of the Shells and the Small Syphilitic God withdrew to the hills that are now the pyramids of the sun and the moon. There they fasted and meditated.

Afterward the gods piled up firewood, made a bonfire, and called to them.

The Small Syphilitic God ran up and threw himself into the flames. He immediately emerged, incandescent, in the sky.

The Lord of the Shells looked at the bonfire with a frown, moved forward, backward, hesitated, made a couple of turns. As he could not decide, they had to push him. After a long delay he rose into the sky. The gods were furious and beat him about the face with a rabbit, again and again, until they extinguished his glow. Thus, the arrogant Lord of the Shells became the moon. The stains on the moon are the scars from that beating.

But the resplendent sun didn't move. The obsidian hawk flew toward the Small Syphilitic God. "Why don't you get going?"

The despised, purulent, humpbacked, crippled one answered, "Because I need blood and power."

This fifth sun, the sun that moves, gave light to the Toltecs and gives it to the Aztecs. He has claws and feeds on human hearts.


The Clouds

Cloud let fall a drop of rain on the body of a woman. After nine months, she had twins.

When they grew up, they wanted to know who their father was.

"Tomorrow morning early," she said, "look toward the east. You'll see him there, up in the sky like a tower."

Across earth and sky, the twins went in search of their father.

Cloud was incredulous and demanded, "Show me that you are my children."

One of the twins sent a flash of lightning to the earth. The other, a thunderclap. As Cloud was still doubtful, they crossed a flood and came out safe.

Then Cloud made a place for them by his side, among his many brothers and nephews.


The Wind

When God made the first of the Wawenock Indians, some bits of clay remained on the earth. With these bits Gluskabe made himself.

From on high, God asked in astonishment, "Well, where did you come from?"

"I'm miraculous," said Gluskabe. "Nobody made me."

God stood beside him and reached out his hand toward the universe. "Look at my work," he challenged. "If you're miraculous, show me things you have invented."

"I can make wind, if you like." And Gluskabe blew at the top of his lungs.

The wind was born and immediately died.

"I can make wind," Gluskabe admitted shamefacedly, "but I can't make it stay."

Then God blew, so powerfully that Gluskabe fell down and lost all his hair.


The Rain

In the region of the great northern lakes, a little girl suddenly discovered she was alive. The wonders of the world opened her eyes and she took off at random.

Following the trail of the Menomenee nation's hunters and woodcutters, she came to a big log cabin. There lived ten brothers, birds of the thunder, who offered her shelter and food.

One bad morning, when she was fetching water from the creek, a hairy snake caught her and carried her into the depths of a rocky mountain. The snakes were about to eat her up when the little girl sang.

From far away, the thunder birds heard the call. They attacked the rocky mountain with lightning, rescued the prisoner, and killed the snakes.

The thunder birds left the little girl in the fork of a tree.

"You'll live here," they told her. "We'll come every time you sing."

Whenever the little green tree frog sings from his tree, the thunderclaps gather and it rains upon the world.


The Rainbow

The forest dwarfs had caught Yobuënahuaboshka in an ambush and cut off his head.

The head bumped its way back to the land of the Cashinahuas.

Although it had learned to jump and balance gracefully, nobody wanted a head without a body.

"Mother, brothers, countrymen," it said with a sigh, "Why do you reject me? Why are you ashamed of me?"

To stop the complaints and get rid of the head, the mother proposed that it should change itself into something, but the head refused to change into what already existed. The head thought, dreamed, figured. The moon didn't exist. The rainbow didn't exist.

It asked for seven little balls of thread of all colors.

It took aim and threw the balls into the sky one after the other. The balls got hooked up beyond the clouds; the threads gently unraveled toward the earth.

Before going up, the head warned: "Whoever doesn't recognize me will be punished. When you see me up there, say: 'There's the high and handsome Yobuënahuaboshka!'"

Then it plaited the seven hanging threads together and climbed up the rope to the sky.

That night a white gash appeared for the first time among the stars. A girl raised her eyes and asked in astonishment: "What's that?"

Immediately a red parrot swooped upon her, gave a sudden twirl, and pricked her between the legs with his sharp-pointed tail. The girl bled. From that moment, women bleed when the moon says so.

Next morning the cord of seven colors blazed in the sky.

A man pointed his finger at it. "Look, look! How extraordinary!" He said it and fell down.

And that was the first time that someone died.



The crow, which now dominates the totem of the Haida nation, was the grandson of that great divine chief who made the world.

When the crow wept asking for the moon, which hung from the wall of tree trunks, his grandfather gave it to him. The crow threw it into the sky through the chimney opening and started crying again, wishing for the stars. When he got them he spread them around the moon.

Then he wept and hopped about and screamed until his grandfather gave him the carved wooden box in which he kept daylight. The great divine chief forbade him to take the box out of the house. He had decided that the world should live in the dark.

The crow played with the box, pretending to be satisfied, but out of the corner of his eye he watched the guards who were watching him.

When they weren't looking, he fled with the box in his claw. The point of the claw split passing through the chimney, and his feathers were burned and stayed black from then on.

The crow arrived at some islands off the northern coast. He heard human voices and asked for food. They wouldn't give him any. He threatened to break the wooden box.

"I've got daylight in here," he warned, "and if it escapes, the sky will never put out its light. No one will be able to sleep, nor to keep secrets, and everybody will know who is people, who is bird, and who is beast of the forest."

They laughed. The crow broke open the box, and light burst forth in the universe.



The sun never stopped shining and the Cashinahua Indians didn't know the sweetness of rest.

Badly in need of peace, exhausted by so much light, they borrowed night from the mouse.

It got dark, but the mouse's night was hardly long enough for a bite of food and a smoke in front of the fire. The people had just settled down in their hammocks when morning came.

So then they tried out the tapir's night. With the tapir's night they could sleep soundly and they enjoyed the long and much-deserved rest. But when they awoke, so much time had passed that undergrowth from the hills had invaded their lands and destroyed their houses.

After a big search they settled for the night of the armadillo. They borrowed it from him and never gave it back.

Deprived of night, the armadillo sleeps during the daytime.


The Stars

By playing the flute love is declared, or the return of the hunters announced. With the strains of the flute, the Waiwai Indians summon their guests. For the Tukanos, the flute weeps; for the Kalinas it talks, because it's the trumpet that shouts.

On the banks of the Negro River, the flute confirms the power of the men. Flutes are sacred and hidden, and any woman who approaches deserves death.

In very remote times, when the women had the sacred flutes, men toted firewood and water and prepared the cassava bread. As the men tell it, the sun got indignant at the sight of women running the world, so he dropped into the forest and fertilized a virgin by slipping leaf juices between her legs. Thus was born Jurupari.

Jurupari stole the sacred flutes and gave them to the men. He taught the men to hide them and defend them and to celebrate ritual feasts without women. He also told them the secrets they were to transmit to their male children.

When Jurupari's mother found where the sacred flutes were hidden, he condemned her to death; and with the bits that remained of her he made the stars of the sky.

(91 and 112)

The Milky Way

No bigger than a worm, he ate the hearts of birds. His father was the best hunter of the Moseten people.

Soon he was a serpent as big as an arm. He kept asking for more hearts. The hunter spent the whole day in the forest killing for his son.

When the serpent got too big for the shack, the forest had been emptied of birds. The father, an expert bowman, brought him jaguars' hearts.

The serpent devoured them and grew. Then there were no more jaguars in the forest.

"I want human hearts," said the serpent.

The hunter emptied his village and its vicinity of people, until one day in a far-off village he was spotted on a tree branch and killed.

Driven by hunger and nostalgia, the serpent went to look for him.

He coiled his body around the guilty village so that no one could escape. While the men let fly all their arrows against this giant ring that had laid siege to them, the serpent rescued his father's body and grew upward. There he can still be seen undulating, bristling with luminous arrows, across the night sky.


The Evening Star

The moon, stooping mother, asked her son, "I don't know where your father is. Find him and give him word of me."

The son took off in search of the brightest of all lights. He didn't find him at noontime, when the sun of the Tarascan people drinks his wine and dances with his women to the beat of drums. He didn't find him on the horizons and in the regions of the dead. The sun wasn't in any of his four houses.

The evening star is still hunting his father across the sky. He always arrives too early or too late.



The First Father of the Guaranís rose in darkness lit by reflections from his own heart and created flames and thin mist. He created love and had nobody to give it to. He created language and had no one to listen to him.

Then he recommended to the gods that they should construct the world and take charge of fire, mist, rain, and wind. And he turned over to them the music and words of the sacred hymn so that they would give life to women and to men.

So love became communion, language took on life, and the First Father redeemed his solitude. Now he accompanies men and women who sing as they go:

We're walking this earth,
We're walking this shining earth.

(40 and 192)


The nights were icy because the gods had taken away fire. The cold cut into the flesh and words of men. Shivering, they implored with broken voices; the gods turned a deaf ear.

Once, they gave fire back and the men danced for joy, chanting hymns of gratitude. But soon the gods sent rain and hail and put out the bonfires.

The gods spoke and demanded: to deserve fire, men must cut open their chests with obsidian daggers and surrender their hearts.

The Quiché Indians offered the blood of their prisoners and saved themselves from the cold.

The Cakchiquels didn't accept the bargain. The Cakchiquels, cousins of the Quichés and likewise descended from the Mayas, slipped away on feathered feet through the smoke, stole the fire, and hid it in their mountain caves.


The Forest

In a dream, the Father of the Uitoto Indians glimpsed a shining mist. The mist was alive with mosses and lichens and resonant with winds, birds, and snakes. The Father could catch the mist, and he held it with the thread of his breath. He pulled it out of the dream and mixed it with earth.

Several times he spat on the misty earth. In the foamy mash the forest rose up, trees unfolded their enormous crowns, fruit and flowers erupted. On the moistened earth the grasshopper, the monkey, the tapir, the wild boar, the armadillo, the deer, the jaguar, and the anteater took shape and voice. Into the air soared the golden eagle, the macaw, the vulture, the hummingbird, the white heron, the duck, and the bat.

The wasp arrived in a great hurry. He left toads and men without tails and then rested.


The Cedar

The First Father conjured the world to birth with the tip of his wand and covered it with down.

Out of the down rose the cedar, the sacred tree from which flows the word. Then the First Father told the Mby'a- guaranís to hollow out the trunk and listen to what it had in it. He said that whoever could listen to the cedar, the casket of words, would know where to establish his hearth. Whoever couldn't would return to despised dust.


The Guaiacum Tree

A young woman of the Nivakle people was going in search of water when she came upon a leafy tree, Nasuk, the guaiacum, and felt its call. She embraced its firm trunk, pressing her whole body against it, and dug her nails into its bark. The tree bled.

Leaving it, she said, "How I wish, Nasuk, that you were a man!"

And the guaiacum turned into a man and ran after her. When he found her, he showed her his scratched shoulder and stretched out by her side.



White were once the feathers of birds, and white the skin of animals.

Blue now are those that bathed in a lake into which no river emptied and from which none was born. Red, those that dipped in the lake of blood shed by a child of the Kadiueu tribe. Earth-color, those that rolled in the mud, and ashen those that sought warmth in extinguished campfires. Green, those that rubbed their bodies in the foliage, white those that stayed still.



Excerpted from The Memory of Fire Trilogy by Eduardo Galeano, Cedric Belfrage. Copyright © 1982 Eduardo Galeano. Excerpted by permission of Open Road Integrated Media, Inc..
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

  • Contents
  • Genesis
    • Title Page
    • Contents
    • Preface
    • Epigraph
    • First Voices
    • The Creation
    • Time
    • The Sun and the Moon
    • The Clouds
    • The Wind
    • The Rain
    • The Rainbow
    • Day
    • Night
    • The Stars
    • The Milky Way
    • The Evening Star
    • Language
    • Fire
    • The Forest
    • The Cedar
    • The Guaiacum Tree
    • Colors
    • Love
    • The Rivers and the Sea
    • The Tides
    • Snow
    • The Flood
    • The Tortoise
    • The Parrot
    • The Hummingbird
    • The Night Bird (Urutaú)
    • The Ovenbird
    • The Crow
    • The Condor
    • The Jaguar
    • The Bear
    • The Crocodile
    • The Armadillo
    • The Rabbit
    • The Snake
    • The Frog
    • The Bat
    • Mosquitos
    • Honey
    • Seeds
    • Corn
    • Tobacco
    • Maté
    • Cassava
    • The Potato
    • The Kitchen
    • Music
    • Death
    • Resurrection
    • Magic
    • Laughter
    • Fear
    • Authority
    • Power
    • War
    • Parties
    • Conscience
    • The Sacred City
    • Pilgrims
    • The Promised Land
    • Dangers
    • The Spider Web
    • The Prophet
    • Old New World
    • 1492: The Ocean Sea The Sun Route to the Indies
    • 1492: Guanahaní Columbus
    • 1493: Barcelona Day of Glory
    • 1493: Rome The Testament of Adam
    • 1493: Huexotzingo Where Is the Truth? Where Are the Roots?
    • 1493: Pasto Everybody Pays Taxes
    • 1493: Santa Cruz Island An Experience of Miquele de Cuneo from Savona
    • 1495: Salamanca The First Word from America
    • 1495: La Isabela Caonabó
    • 1496: La Concepción Sacrilege
    • 1498: Santo Domingo Earthly Paradise
    • The Language of Paradise
    • 1499: Granada Who Are Spaniards?
    • 1500: Florence Leonardo
    • 1506: Valladolid The Fifth Voyage
    • 1506: Tenochtitlán The Universal God
    • 1511: Guauravo River Agüeynaba
    • 1511: Aymaco Becerrillo
    • 1511: Yara Hatuey
    • 1511: Santo Domingo The First Protest
    • 1513: Cuareca Leoncico
    • 1513: Gulf of San Miguel Balboa
    • 1514: Sinú River The Summons
    • 1514: Santa María del Darién For Love of Fruit
    • 1515: Antwerp Utopia
    • 1519: Frankfurt Charles V
    • 1519: Acla Pedrarias
    • 1519: Tenochtitlán Portents of Fire, Water, Earth, and Air
    • 1519: Cempoala Cortés
    • 1519: Tenochtitlán Moctezuma
    • 1519: Tenochtitlán The Capital of the Aztecs
    • Aztec Song of the Shield
    • 1520: Teocalhueyacan “Night of Sorrow”
    • 1520: Segura de la Frontera The Distribution of Wealth
    • 1520: Brussels Dürer
    • 1520: Tlaxcala Toward the Reconquest of Tenochtitlán
    • 1521: Tlatelolco Sword of Fire
    • 1521: Tenochtitlán The World Is Silenced in the Rain
    • 1521: Florida Ponce de León
    • 1522: Highways of Santo Domingo Feet
    • 1522: Seville The Longest Voyage Ever Made
    • 1523: Cuzco Huaina Cápac
    • 1523: Cuauhcapolca The Chief’s Questions
    • 1523: Painala Malinche
    • 1524: Quetzaltenango The Poet Will Tell Children the Story of This Battle
    • 1524: Utatlán The Vengeance of the Vanquished
    • 1524: Scorpion Islands Communion Ceremony
    • 1525: Tuxkahá Cuauhtémoc
    • 1526: Toledo The American Tiger
    • 1528: Madrid To Loosen the Purse Strings
    • 1528: Tumbes Day of Surprises
    • 1528: Bad Luck Island “People Very Generous with What They Have …”
    • 1531: Orinoco River Diego de Ordaz
    • Piaroa People’s Song About the White Man
    • 1531: Mexico City The Virgin of Guadelupe
    • 1531: Santo Domingo A Letter
    • 1531: Serrana Island The Castaway and the Other
    • 1532: Cajamarca Pizarro
    • 1533: Cajamarca The Ransom
    • 1533: Cajamarca Atahualpa
    • 1533: Xaquixaguana The Secret
    • 1533: Cuzco The Conquerors Enter the Sacred City
    • 1533: Riobamba Alvarado
    • 1533: Quito This City Kills Itself
    • 1533: Barcelona The Holy Wars
    • 1533: Seville The Treasure of the Incas
    • 1534: Riobamba Inflation
    • 1535: Cuzco The Brass Throne
    • 1536: Mexico City Motolinía
    • 1536: Machu Picchu Manco Inca
    • 1536: Valley of Ulúa Gonzalo Guerrero
    • 1536: Culiacán Cabeza de Vaca
    • 1537: Rome The Pope Says They Are Like Us
    • 1538: Santo Domingo The Mirror
    • 1538: Valley of Bogota Blackbeard, Redbeard, Whitebeard
    • 1538: Masaya Volcano Vulcan, God of Money
    • 1541: Santiago de Chile Inés Suárez
    • 1541: Rock of Nochistlán Never
    • 1541: Old Guatemala City Beatriz
    • 1541: Cabo Frío At Dawn, the Cricket Sang
    • 1542: Quito El Dorado
    • 1542: Conlapayara The Amazons
    • 1542: Iguazú River In Broad Daylight
    • 1543: Cubagua The Pearl Fishers
    • 1544: Machu Picchu The Stone Throne
    • War Song of the Incas
    • 1544: Campeche Las Casas
    • 1544: Lima Carvajal
    • 1545: Royal City of Chiapas The Bad News Comes from Valladolid
    • 1546: Potosí The Silver of Potosí
    • 1547: Valparaíso The Parting
    • Song of Nostalgia, from the Spanish Songbook
    • 1548: Xaquixaguana The Battle of Xaquixaguana Is Over
    • 1548: Xaquixaguana The Executioner
    • 1548: Xaquixaguana On Cannibalism in America
    • 1548: Guanajuato Birth of the Guanajuato Mines
    • 1549; La Serena The Return
    • The Last Time
    • 1552: Valladolid He Who Always Took the Orders Now Gives Them
    • 1553: The Banks of the San Pedro River Miguel
    • A Dream of Pedro de Valdivia
    • 1553: Tucapel Lautaro
    • 1553: Tucapel Valdivia
    • 1553: Potosí Beauty and the Mayor
    • To the Strains of the Barrel Organ a Blind Man Sings to Her Who Sleeps Alone
    • 1553: Potosí The Mayor and the Gallant
    • 1554: Cuzco The Mayor and the Ears
    • 1554: Lima The Mayor and the Bill Collector
    • 1554: Mexico City Sepúlveda
    • 1556: Asunción, Paraguay Conquistadoras
    • 1556: Asunción, Paraguay “The Paradise of Mahomet”
    • Womanizer Song, from the Spanish Songbook
    • 1556: La Imperial Mariño de Lobera
    • 1558: Cañete The War Goes On
    • Araucanian Song of the Phantom Horseman
    • 1558: Michmaloyan The Tzitzimes
    • 1558: Yuste Who Am I? What Have I Been?
    • 1559: Mexico City The Mourners
    • Advice of the Old Aztec Wise Men
    • 1560: Huexotzingo The Reward
    • 1560: Michoacán Vasco de Quiroga
    • 1561: Villa de los Bergantines The First Independence of America
    • 1561: Nueva Valencia del Rey Aguirre
    • 1561: Neuva Valencia del Rey From Lope de Aguirre’s Letter to King Philip II
    • 1561. Barquisimeto Order Restored
    • 1562: Maní The Fire Blunders
    • 1563: Arauco Fortress The History That Will Be
    • 1564: Plymouth Hawkins
    • 1564: Bogotá Vicissitudes of Married Life
    • 1565. Road to Lima The Spy
    • 1565: Yauyoa That Stone Is Me
    • Prayer of the Incas, Seeking God
    • 1565: Mexico City Ceremony
    • 1566: Madrid The Fanatic of Human Dignity
    • 1566: Madrid Even If You Lose, It’s Still Worthwhile
    • 1568: Los Teques Guaicaipuro
    • 1568; Mexico City The Sons of Cortés
    • 1569: Havana St. Simon Against the Ants
    • 1571: Mexico City Thou Shalt Inform On Thy Neighbor
    • 1571: Madrid Who Is Guilty, Criminal or Witness?
    • 1572: Cuzco Túpac Amaru I
    • The Vanquished Believe:
    • 1574: Mexico City The First Auto-da-Fé in Mexico
    • 1576: Guanajuato The Monks Say:
    • 1576: Xochimilco The Apostle Santiago versus the Plague
    • 1577: Xochimilco St. Sebastian versus the Plague
    • 1579: Quito Son of Atahualpa
    • 1580: Buenos Aires The Founders
    • 1580: London Drake
    • 1582: Mexico City What Color Is a Leper’s Skin?
    • 1583: Copacabana God’s Aymara Mother
    • 1583: Santiago de Chile He Was Free for a While
    • 1583: Tlatelolco Sahagiún
    • 1583: Ácoma The Stony Kingdom of Cíbola
    • Night Chant, a Navajo Poem
    • 1586: Cauri The Pestilence
    • 1588: Quito Grandson of Atahualpa
    • 1588: Havana St. Martial versus the Ants
    • 1589: Cuzco He Says He Had the Sun
    • 1592: Lima An Auto-da-Fé in Lima
    • 1593: Guarapari Anchieta
    • 1596: London Raleigh
    • 1597: Seville A Scene in Jail
    • 1598: Potosí History of Floriana Rosales, Virtuous Woman of Potosí (Abbreviated Version of the Chronicle by Bartolomé Arzáns de Orsúa y Vela)
    • Spanish Couplets to Be Sung and Danced
    • 1598: Panama City Times of Sleep and Fate
    • 1599: Quito The Afro-Indians of Esmeraldas
    • 1599: Chagres River The Wise Don’t Talk
    • 1599: La Imperial Flaming Arrows
    • 1599: Santa Maria They Make War to Make Love
    • 1600: Santa Marta They Had a Country
    • Techniques of Hunting and Fishing
    • 1600: Potosí The Eighth Wonder of the World
    • Prophecies
    • Ballad of Cuzco
    • 1600: Mexico City Carriages
    • 1601: Valladolid Quevedo
    • 1602: Recife First Expedition Against Palmares
    • 1603: Rome The Four Parts of the World
    • 1603: Santiago de Chile The Pack
    • 1605: Lima The Night of the Last Judgment
    • 1607: Seville The Strawberry
    • 1608: Puerto Príncipe Silvestre de Balboa
    • 1608: Seville Mateo Alemán
    • 1608: Córdoba The Inca Garcilaso
    • 1609: Santiago de Chile How to Behave at the Table
    • 1611: Yarutini The Idol-Exterminator
    • 1612: San Pedro de Omapacha The Beaten Beats
    • 1613: London Shakespeare
    • 1614: Lima Minutes of the Lima Town Council: Theater Censorship Is Born
    • 1614: Lima Indian Dances Banned in Peru
    • 1615: Lima Guamán Poma
    • 1616: Madrid Cervantes
    • 1616: Potosí Portraits of a Procession
    • 1616: Santiago Papasquiaro Is the Masters’ God the Slaves’ God?
    • 1617: London Whiffs of Virginia in the London Fog
    • 1618: Lima Small World
    • 1618: Luanda Embarcation
    • 1618: Lima Too Dark
    • 1620: Madrid The Devil’s Dances Come from America
    • 1622: Seville Rats
    • 1624: Lima People for Sale
    • 1624: Lima Black Flogs Black
    • 1624: Lima The Devil at Work
    • 1624: Seville Last Chapter of the “Life of the Scoundrel”
    • 1624: Mexico City A River of Anger
    • 1625: Mexico City How Do You Like Our City?
    • 1625: Samayac Indian Dances Banned in Guatemala
    • 1626: Potosí A Wrathful God
    • 1628: Chiapas Chocolate and the Bishop
    • 1628: Madrid Blue Blood for Sale
    • Song About the Indies Hand, Sung in Spain
    • 1629: Las Cangrejeras Bascuñán
    • 1629: Banks of the Bío-Bío River Putapichun
    • 1629: Banks of River Imperial Maulicán
    • 1629: Repocura Region To Say Good-Bye
    • 1630: Motocintle They Won’t Betray Their Dead
    • 1630: Lima María, Queen of the Boards
    • 1631: Old Guatemala A Musical Evening at the Concepción Convent
    • Popular Couplets of the Bashful Lover
    • 1633: Pinola Gloria in Excelsis Deo
    • 1634: Madrid Who Was Hiding Under Your Wife’s Cradle?
    • 1636: Quito The Third Half
    • 1637: Mouth of the River Sucre Dieguillo
    • 1637: Massachusetts Bay “God is an Englishman,”
    • 1637: Mystic Fort From the Will of John Underhill, Puritan of Connecticut, Concerning a Massacre of Pequot Indians
    • 1639: Lima Martín de Porres
    • 1639: San Miguel de Tucumán From a Denunciation of the Bishop of Tucumán, Sent to the Inquisition Tribunal in Lima
    • 1639: Potosí Testament of a Businessman
    • The Indians Say:
    • 1640: Sao Salvador de Bahia Vieira
    • 1641: Lima Avila
    • 1641: Mbororé The Missions
    • 1641: Madrid Eternity Against History
    • 1644: Jamestown Opechancanough
    • 1645: Quito Mariana de Jesús
    • 1645: Potosí Story of Estefanía, Sinful Woman of Potosí (Abbreviation of Chronicle by Bartolomé Arzáns de Orsúa y Vela)
    • 1647: Santiago de Chile Chilean Indians’ Game Banned
    • 1648: Olinda Prime Cannon Fodder
    • 1649: Ste. Marie des Hurons The Language of Dreams
    • An Iroquois Story
    • Song About the Song of the Iroquois
    • 1650: Mexico City The Conquerors and the Conquered
    • From the Náhuatl Song on the Transience of Life
    • 1654: Oaxaca Medicine and Witchcraft
    • 1655: San Miguel de Nepantla Juana at Four
    • 1656: Santiago de la Vega Gage
    • 1658: San Miguel de Nepantla Juana at Seven
    • Juana Dreams
    • 1663: Old Guatemala Enter the Printing Press
    • 1663: The Banks of the Paraíba River Freedom
    • Song of Palmares
    • 1663: Serra da Barriga Palmares
    • 1665: Madrid Charles II
    • 1666: New Amsterdam New York
    • 1666: London The White Servants
    • 1666: Tortuga Island The Pirates’ Devotions
    • 1667: Mexico City Juana at Sixteen
    • 1668: Tortuga Island The Dogs
    • 1669: Town of Gibraltar All the Wealth of the World
    • 1669: Maracaibo The Broken Padlock
    • 1670: Lima “Mourn for us,”
    • 1670: San Juan Atitlán An Intruder on the Altar
    • 1670: Masaya “The Idiot”
    • 1670: Cuzco Old Moley
    • 1671: Panama City On Punctuality in Appointments
    • 1672: London The White Man’s Burden
    • Mandingo People’s Song of the Bird of Love
    • 1674: Port Royal Morgan
    • 1674: Potosí Claudia the Witch
    • 1674: Yorktown The Olympian Steeds
    • 1676: Valley of Connecticut The Ax of Battle
    • 1676: Plymouth Metacom
    • 1677: Old Road Town Death Here, Rebirth There
    • 1677: Pôrto Calvo The Captain Promises Lands, Slaves, and Honors
    • 1678: Recife Ganga Zumba
    • Yoruba Spell Against the Enemy
    • 1680: Santa Fe, New Mexico Red Cross and White Cross
    • 1681: Mexico City Juana at Thirty
    • 1681: Mexico City Sigüenza y Góngora
    • 1682: Accra All Europe Is Selling Human Flesh
    • 1682: Remedios By Order of Satan
    • 1682: Remedios But They Stay On
    • 1682: Remedios By Order of God
    • 1688: Havana By Order of the King
    • 1691: Remedios Still They Don’t Move
    • 1691: Mexico City Juana at Forty
    • 1691: Placentia Adario, Chief of the Huron Indians, Speaks to Baron de Lahontan, French Colonizer in Newfoundland
    • 1692: Salem Village The Witches of Salem
    • 1692: Cuápulo Nationalization of Colonial Art
    • 1693: Mexico City Juana at Forty-Two
    • 1693: Santa Fe, New Mexico Thirteen Years of Independence
    • Song of the New Mexican Indians to the Portrait That Escapes from the Sand
    • 1694: Macacos The Last Expedition Against Palmares
    • Lament of the Azande People
    • 1695: Serra Dois Irmaos Zumbí
    • 1695: São Salvador de Bahia The Capital of Brazil
    • 1696: Regla Black Virgin, Black Goddess
    • 1697: Cap Français Ducasse
    • 1699: Madrid Bewitched
    • 1699: Macouba A Practical Demonstration
    • 1700: Ouro Prêto All Brazil to the South
    • 1700: St. Thomas Island The Man Who Makes Things Talk
    • Bantu People’s Song of the Fire
    • 1700: Madrid Penumbra of Autumn
    • The Sources
    • Index
  • Faces and Masks
    • Title Page
    • Contents
    • Epigraph
    • Preface
    • Promise of America
    • 1701: Salinas Valley The Skin of God
    • 1701: Sāo Salvador de Bahia Voice of America
    • 1701: Paris Temptation of America
    • Sentinel of America
    • 1701: Ouro Prêto Conjuring Tricks
    • 1703: Lisbon Gold, Passenger in Transit
    • 1709: The Juan Fernández Islands Robinson Crusoe
    • 1711: Paramaribo The Silent Women
    • They Carry Life in Their Hair
    • The Maroon
    • 1711: Murrí They Are Never Alone
    • 1711: Saint Basil’s Refuge The Black King, the White Saint, and His Sainted Wife
    • The Maríapalito
    • 1712: Santa Marta From Piracy to Contraband
    • 1714: Ouro Prêto The Mine Doctor
    • 1714: Vila Nova do Príncipe Jacinta
    • 1716: Potosí Holguín
    • 1716: Cuzco The Image Makers
    • Mary, Mother Earth
    • Pachamama
    • Mermaids
    • 1717: Quebec The Man Who Didn’t Believe in Winter
    • 1717: Dupas Island The Founders
    • Portrait of the Indians
    • Songs of the Chippewa Indians in the Great Lakes Region
    • 1718: Sāo José del Rei The Pillory
    • 1719: Potosí The Plague
    • 1721: Zacatecas To Eat God
    • If You Inadvertently Lose Your Soul
    • 1726: Montevideo Bay Montevideo
    • 1733: Ouro Prêto Fiestas
    • 1736: Saint John’s, Antigua Flare-ups
    • 1738: Trelawny Town Cudjoe
    • 1739: New Nanny Town Nanny
    • Pilgrimage in Jamaica
    • 1742: Juan Fernández Islands Anson
    • 1753: Sierra Leone River Let Us Praise the Lord
    • 1758: Cap Français Macandal
    • 1761: Cisteil Canek
    • 1761: Merida Fragments
    • 1761: Cisteil Sacred Corn
    • 1763: Buraco de Tatú The Subversives Set a Bad Example
    • Communion
    • Bahia Portrait
    • Your Other Head, Your Other Memory
    • 1763: Rio de Janeiro Here
    • 1763: Tijuco The World Inside a Diamond
    • 1763: Havana Progress
    • The Slaves Believe:
    • The Ceiba Tree
    • The Royal Palm
    • 1766: The Fields of Areco The Wild Horses
    • 1767: Misiones The Story of Seven Villages
    • 1767: Misiones The Expulsion of the Jesuits
    • 1767: Misiones They Won’t Let Their Tongues Be Torn Out
    • 1769: London The First Novel Written in America
    • Indians and Dreams in the Novel of Frances Brooke
    • 1769: Lima Viceroy Amat
    • 1769: Lima La Perricholi
    • The Snack Clock
    • 1771: Madrid Royal Summit
    • 1771: Paris The Age of Enlightenment
    • 1771: Paris The Physiocrats
    • 1771: Paris The Minister of Colonies Explains Why Mulattos Should Not Be Freed from Their Congenital “State of Humiliation”
    • 1772: Cap Français France’s Richest Colony
    • 1772: Léogane Zabeth
    • 1773: San Mateo Huitzilopochco The Strength of Things
    • 1774: San Andres ltzapan Dominus Vobiscum
    • 1775: Guatemala City Sacraments
    • 1775: Huehuetenango Trees that Know, Bleed, Talk
    • 1775: Gado-Saby Bonny
    • 1776: Cape Coast Castle Alchemists of the African Slave Trade
    • 1776: Pennsylvania Paine
    • 1776: Philadelphia The United States
    • 1776: Monticello Jefferson
    • 1777: Paris Franklin
    • If He Had Been Born a Woman
    • 1778: Philadelphia Washington
    • 1780: Bologna Clavijero Defends the Accursed Lands
    • 1780: Sangarara America Burns from Mountains to Sea
    • 1780: Tungasuca Túpac Amaru II
    • 1780: Pomacanchi The Workshop Is an Enormous Ship
    • A Colonial Poem: If the Indians Triumph …
    • 1781: Bogotá The Commoners
    • 1781: Támara The Plainsmen
    • 1781: Zipaquirá Galán
    • Popular Ballad of the Commoners
    • 1781: Cuzco The Center of the Earth, the House of the Gods
    • 1781: Cuzco Dust and Sorrow Are the Roads of Peru
    • 1781: Cuzco Sacramental Ceremony in the Torture Chamber
    • 1781: Cuzco Areche’s Order Against Inca Dress and to Make Indians Speak Spanish
    • 1781: Cuzco Micaela
    • 1781: Cuzco Sacred Rain
    • The Indians Believe:
    • The Indians Dance to the Glory of Paradise
    • 1781: Chincheros Pumacahua
    • 1781: La Paz Tupac Catari
    • 1782: La Paz Rebel Women
    • 1782: Guaduas With Glassy Eyes,
    • 1782: Sicuani This Accursed Name
    • 1783: Panama City For Love of Death
    • 1783: Madrid The Human Hand Vindicated
    • 1785: Mexico City Lawyer Villarroel Against the Pulque Saloon
    • The Pulque Saloon
    • Pulque
    • The Maguey
    • The Mug
    • 1785: Mexico City Fiction in the Colonial Era
    • 1785: Guanajuato The Wind Blows Where It Wants
    • 1785: Guanajuato Silver Portrait
    • 1785: Lisbon The Colonial Function
    • 1785: Versailles The Potato Becomes a Great Lady
    • The Potato Was Born of Love and Punishment, As They Tell It in the Andes
    • 1790: Parti Humboldt
    • 1790: Petit Goâve The Missing Magic
    • 1791: Bois Caiman The Conspirators of Haiti
    • Haitian Love Song
    • 1792: Rio de Janeiro The Conspirators of Brazil
    • 1792: Rio de Janeiro Tooth-Puller
    • 1794: Paris “The remedy for man is man,”
    • 1795: Mountains of Haiti Toussaint
    • 1795: Santo Domingo The Island Burned
    • 1795: Quito Espejo
    • Espejo Mocks the Oratory of These Times
    • 1795: Montego Bay Instruments of War
    • 1795: Havana Did the Gallilean Rebel Imagine He Would Be a Slave Overseer?
    • 1796: Ouro Prêto El Aleijadinho
    • 1796: Mariana Ataíde
    • 1796: Sāo Salvador de Bahiā Night and Snow
    • 1796: Caracas White Skin For Sale
    • 1796: San Mateo Simón Rodríguez
    • 1797: La Guaira The Compass and the Square
    • 1799: London Miranda
    • Miranda Dreams of Catherine of Russia
    • 1799: Cumaná Two Wise Men on a Mule
    • 1799: Montevideo Father of the Poor
    • 1799: Guanajuato Life, Passion, and Business of the Ruling Class
    • 1799: Royal City of Chiapas The Tamemes
    • 1799: Madrid Fernando Túpac Amaru
    • 1800: Apure River To the Orinoco
    • 1800: Esmeralda del Orinoco Master of Poison
    • Curare
    • 1800: Uruana Forever Earth
    • 1801: Lake Guatavita The Goddess at the Bottom of the Waters
    • 1801: Bogotá Mutis
    • 1802: The Caribbean Sea Napoleon Restores Slavery
    • 1802: Pointe-à-Pitre They Were Indignant
    • 1802: Chimborazo Volcano On the Roofs of the World
    • 1803. Fort Dauphin The Island Burned Again
    • 1804: Mexico City Spain’s Richest Colony
    • 1804: Madrid The Attorney General of the Council of the Indies advises against overdoing the sale of whiteness certificates,
    • 1804: Catamarca Ambrosio’s Sin
    • 1804: Paris Napoleon
    • 1804: Seville Fray Servando
    • 1806: Island of Trinidad Adventures, Misadventures
    • 1808: Rio de Janeiro Judas-Burning Is Banned
    • 1809: Chuquisaca The Cry
    • 1810: Atotonilco The Virgin of Guadalupe Versus the Virgin of Remedios
    • 1810: Guanajuato El Pípila
    • 1810: Guadalajara Hidalgo
    • 1810: Pie de la Cuesta Morelos
    • 1811: Buenos Aires Moreno
    • 1811: Buenos Aires Castelli
    • 1811: Bogotá Nariño
    • The World Upside Down, Verses for Guitar Accompanied by Singer
    • 1811: Chilapa Potbelly
    • 1811: East Bank Ranges “Nobody is more than anybody,”
    • 1811: Banks of the Uruguay River Exodus
    • 1812: Cochabamba Women
    • 1812: Caracas Bolivar
    • 1813: Chilpancingo Independence is Revolution or a Lie
    • 1814: San Mateo Boves
    • 1815: San Cristóbal Ecatepec The Lake Comes For Him
    • 1815: Paris Navigators of Seas and Libraries
    • 1815: Mérida, Yucatan Ferdinand VII
    • 1815: Curuzú-Cuatiá The Hides Cycle on the River Plata
    • 1815: Buenos Aires The Bluebloods Seek a King in Europe HO
    • 1815: Purification Camp Artigas
    • 1816: East Bank Ranges Agrarian Reform
    • 1816: Chicote Hill The Art of War
    • 1816: Tarabuco Juana Azurduy,
    • 1816: Port-au-Prince Pétion
    • 1816: Mexico City El Periquillo Sarniento
    • 1817: Santiago de Chile The Devil at Work
    • 1817: Santiago de Chile Manuel Rodriguez
    • 1817: Montevideo Images for an Epic
    • 1817: Quito Manuela Saenz
    • 1818: Colonia Camp The War of the Underdogs
    • 1818: Corrientes Andresito
    • 1818: Paraná River The Patriot Pirates
    • 1818: San Fernando de Apure War to the Death
    • 1819: Angostura Abecedarium: The Constituent Assembly
    • 1820: Boquerón Pass Finale
    • You
    • 1821: Camp Laurelty Saint Balthazar, Black King, Greatest Sage
    • 1821: Carabobo Páez
    • 1822: Guayaquil San Martin
    • 1822: Buenos Aires Songbird
    • 1822: Rio de Janeiro Traffic Gone Mad
    • 1822: Quito Twelve Nymphs Stand Guard in the Main Plaza
    • 1823: Lima Swollen Hands from So Much Applauding
    • 1824: Lima In Spite of Everything
    • 1824: Montevideo City Chronicles from a Barber’s Chair
    • 1824: Plain of Junín The Silent Battle
    • 1825: La Paz Bolivia
    • 1825: Potosí Abecedarium: The Hero at the Peak
    • 1825: Potosí England Is Owed a Potosí
    • The Curse of the Silver Mountain
    • 1826: Chuquisaca Bolivar and the Indians
    • 1826: Chuquisaca Cursed Be the Creative Imagination
    • The Ideas of Simon Rodriguez: Teaching How to Think
    • 1826: Buenos Aires Rivadavia
    • 1826: Panama Lonely Countries
    • 1826: London Canning
    • 1828: Bogotá Here They Hate Her
    • 1828: Bogota From Manuela Sáenz’s Letter to Her Husband James Thome
    • 1829: Corrientes Bonpland
    • 1829: Asunción, Paraguay Francia the Supreme
    • 1829: Rio de Janeiro The Snowball of External Debt
    • 1830: Magdalena River The Boat Goes Down to the Sea
    • 1830: Maracaibo The Governor Proclaims:
    • 1830: La Guaira Divide et Impera
    • 1830: Montevideo Abecedarium: The Oath of the Constitution
    • 1830: Montevideo Fatherland or Grave
    • 1832: Santiago de Chile National Industry
    • Street Cries in the Santiago de Chile Market
    • 1833: Arequipa Llamas
    • 1833: San Vicente Aquino
    • 1834: Paris Tacuabé
    • 1834: Mexico City Loving Is Giving
    • 1835: Galapagos Islands Darwin
    • 1835: Columbia Texas
    • 1836: San Jacinto The Free World Grows
    • 1836: The Alamo Portraits of the Frontier Hero
    • 1836: Hartford The Colt
    • 1837: Guatemala Morazán
    • 1838: Buenos Aires Rosas
    • 1838: Buenos Aires The Slaughterhouse
    • More on Cannibalism in America
    • 1838: Tegucigalpa Central America Breaks to Pieces
    • 1839: Copán A Sacred City is Sold for Fifty Dollars
    • 1839: Havana The Drum Talks Dangerously
    • 1839: Havana Classified Ads
    • 1839: Valparaíso The Illuminator
    • 1839: Veracruz “For God’s Sake, a Husband, Be He Old, One-Armed, or Crippled”
    • 1840: Mexico City Masquerade
    • Mexican High Society: Introduction to a Visit
    • A Day of Street Cries in Mexico City
    • Mexican High Society: The Doctor Says Goodbye
    • 1840: Mexico City A Nun Begins Convent Life
    • 1842: San José, Costa Rica Though Time Forget You, This Land Will Not
    • 1844: Mexico City The Warrior Cocks
    • 1844: Mexico City Santa Anna
    • 1845: Vuelta de Obligado The Invasion of the Merchants
    • 1847: Mexico City The Conquest
    • 1848: Villa of Guadalupe Hidalgo The Conquistadors
    • 1848: Mexico City The Irishmen
    • 1848: Ibiray An Old Man in a White Poncho in a House of Red Stone
    • José Artigas, According to Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
    • 1848: Buenos Aires The Lovers (I)
    • The Lovers (II)
    • 1848: Holy Places The Lovers (III)
    • 1848: Bacalar Cecilio Chi
    • 1849: Shores of the Platte River A Horseman Called Smallpox
    • 1849: San Francisco The Gold of California
    • 1849: El Molino They Were Here
    • Ashes
    • 1849: Baltimore Poe
    • 1849: San Francisco Levi’s Pants
    • 1850: Son Francisco The Road to Development
    • 1850: Buenos Aires The Road to Underdevelopment: The Thought of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
    • 1850: River Plata Buenos Aires and Montevideo at Mid-Century
    • 1850: Paris Dumas
    • 1850: Montevide Lautréamont at Four
    • 1850: Chan Santa Cruz The Talking Cross
    • 1851: Latacunga “I Wander at Random and Naked …”
    • The Ideas of Simón Rodríguez: “Either We Invent or We Are Lost”
    • 1851: La Serena The Precursors
    • 1852: Santiago de Chile “What has independence meant to the poor?” the Chilean Santiago Arcos asks himself in jail.
    • The People of Chile Sing to the Glory of Paradise
    • 1852: Mendoza The Lines of the Hand
    • 1853: La Cruz The Treasure of the Jesuits
    • 1853: Paita The Three
    • 1854: Amotape A Witness Describes Simon Rodriguez’s Farewell to the World
    • 1855: New York Whitman
    • 1855: New York Melville
    • 1855: Washington Territory “You people will suffocate in your own waste,” warns Indian Chief Seattle.
    • The Far West
    • 1856: Granada Walker
    • 1856: Granada Stood
    • Walker: “In Defense of Slavery”
    • 1858: Source of the Gila River The Sacred Lands of the Apaches
    • 1858: Kaskiyeh Geronimo
    • 1858: San Borja Let Death Die
    • 1860: Chan Santa Cruz The Ceremonial Center of the Yucatan Rebels
    • 1860: Havana Poet in Crisis
    • 1861: Havana Sugar Hands
    • Sugar Language
    • 1861: Bull Run Grays Against Blues
    • 1862: Fredericksburg The Pencil of War
    • 1863: Mexico City “The American Algeria”
    • 1863: London Marx
    • 1865: La Paz Belzu
    • From a Speech by Belzu to the Bolivian People
    • 1865: La Paz Melgarejo
    • 1865: La Paz The Shortest Coup d’État in History
    • 1865: Appomattox General Lee Surrenders His Ruby Sword
    • 1865: Washington Lincoln
    • 1865: Washington Homage
    • 1865: Buenos Aires Triple Infamy
    • 1865: Buenos Aires The Alliance Woven of Spider-Spittle
    • 1865: San José Urquiza
    • 1866: Curupaytí Mitre
    • 1866: Curupaytí The Paintbrush of War
    • 1867: Catamarca Plains Felipe Varela
    • 1867: Plains of La Rioja Torture
    • 1867: La Paz On Diplomacy, the Science of International Relations
    • Inscriptions on a Rock in the Atacama Desert
    • 1867: Bogota A Novel Called María
    • 1867: Querétaro Maximilian
    • 1867: Paris To Be or to Copy, That Is the Question
    • Song of the Poor in Ecuador
    • 1869: Mexico City Juárez
    • 1869: San Cristóbal de Las Casas Neither Earth nor Time Is Dumb
    • 1869: Mexico City Juárez and the Indians
    • 1869: London Lafargue
    • 1869: Acosta Ñú Paraguay Falls, Trampled Under Horses’ Hooves
    • 1870. Mount Corá Solano López
    • 1870: Mount Corá Elisa Lynch
    • Guaraní
    • 1870: Buenos Aires Sarmiento
    • 1870: Rio de Janeiro A Thousand Candelabra Proliferate in the Mirrors
    • 1870: Rio de Janeiro Mauà
    • 1870: Vassouras The Coffee Barons
    • 1870: Sāo Paulo Nabuco
    • 1870: Buenos Aires The North Barrio
    • 1870: Paris Lautréamont at Twenty-Four
    • 1871: Lima Juana Sánchez
    • 1873: Camp Tempú The Mambises
    • 1875: Mexico City Martí
    • 1875: Fort Sill The Last Buffalos of the South
    • Into the Beyond
    • 1876: Little Big Horn Sitting Bull
    • 1876: Little Big Horn Black Elk
    • 1876: Little Big Horn Custer
    • 1876: War Bonnet Creek Buffalo Bill
    • 1876: Mexico City Departure
    • 1877: Guatemala City The Civilizer
    • 1879: Mexico City The Socialists and the Indians
    • 1879: Choele-Choel Island The Remington Method
    • 1879: Buenos Aires Martín Fierro and the Twilight of the Gaucho
    • 1879: Port-au-Prince Maceo
    • 1879: Chinchas Islands Guano
    • 1879: Atacama and Tarapacá Deserts Saltpeter
    • 1880: Lima The Chinese
    • 1880: London In Defense of Indolence
    • 1881: Lincoln City Billy the Kid
    • 1882: Saint Joseph Jesse James
    • 1882: Prairies of Oklahoma Twilight of the Cowboy
    • 1882: New York You Too Can Succeed in Life
    • 1882: New York The Creation According to John D. Rockefeller
    • 1883: Bismarck City The Last Bufelos of the North
    • 1884: Santiago de Chile The Wizard of Finance Eats Soldier Meat
    • 1884: Huancayo The Fatherland Pays
    • 1885: Lima “The trouble comes from the top,” says Manuel Gonzalez Prada.
    • 1885: Mexico City “All belongs to all,”
    • 1885: Colon Prestán
    • 1886: Chivilcoy The Circus
    • 1886: Atlanta Coca-Cola
    • 1887: Chicago Every May First They Will Live Again
    • 1889: London North
    • 1889: Montevideo Football
    • 1890: River Plata Comrades
    • 1890: Buenos Aires Tenements
    • Man Alone
    • Tangoing
    • 1890: Hartford Mark Twain
    • 1890: Wounded Knee Wind of Snow
    • Prophetic Song of the Sioux
    • 1891: Santiago de Chile Balmaceda
    • 1891: Washington The Other America
    • 1891: New York The Thinking Begins to Be Ours, Believes José Martí
    • 1891: Guanajuato 34 Cantarranas Street. Instant Photography
    • 1891: Purísima del Rincón Lives
    • 1892: Paris The Canal Scandal
    • 1892: San José, Costa Rica Prophesy of a Young Nicaraguan Poet Named Rubén Darío
    • 1893: Canudos Antonio Conselheiro
    • 1895: Key West Freedom Travels in a Cigar
    • 1895: Playitas The Landing
    • 1895: Arroyo Hondo In the Sierra
    • 1895: Dos Rios Campo Martí’s Testament
    • 1895: Niquinohomo His Name Will Be Sandino
    • 1896: Port-au-Prince Disguises
    • 1896: Boca de Dos Rios Requiem
    • 1896: Papeete Flora Tristán
    • 1896: Bogotá José Asunción Silva
    • 1896: Manaos The Tree That Weeps Milk
    • 1896: Manaos The Golden Age of Rubber
    • 1897: Canudos Euclides da Cunha
    • 1897: Canudos The Dead Contain More Bullets Than Bones
    • 1897: Rio de Janeiro Machado de Assís
    • 1898: Coasts of Cuba This Fruit Is Ready to Fall
    • 1898: Washington Ten Thousand Lynchings
    • 1898: San Juan Hill Teddy Roosevelt
    • 1898: Coasts of Puerto Rico This Fruit Is Falling
    • 1898: Washington President McKinley Explains That the United States Should Keep the Philippines by Direct Order of God
    • 1899. New York Mark Twain Proposes Changing the Flag
    • 1899: Rome Calamity Jane
    • 1899: Rome The Nascent Empire Flexes Its Muscles
    • 1899: Saint Louis Far Away
    • 1899: Rio de Janeiro How to Cure by Killing
    • 1900: Huanuni Patiño
    • 1900: Mexico City Posada
    • 1900: Mexico City Porfirio Díaz
    • 1900: Mexico City The Flores Magón Brothers
    • 1900: Merida, Yucatán Henequén
    • From the Mexican Corrido of the Twenty-Eighth Battalion
    • 1900: Tabi The Iron Serpent
    • The Prophet
    • The Sources
    • Index
    • Acknowledgments
  • Century of the Wind
    • Title Page
    • Contents
    • Preface
    • Epigraph
    • 1900: San José de Gracia The World Goes On
    • 1900: West Orange, New Jersey Edison
    • 1900: Montevideo Rodó
    • 1901: New York This Is America, to the South There’s Nothing
    • 1901: In All Latin America Processions Greet the Birth of the Century
    • 1901: Amiens Verne
    • 1902: Quetzaltenango The Government Decides That Reality Doesn’t Exist
    • 1902: Guatemala City Estrada Cabrera
    • 1902: Saint Pierre Only the Condemned Is Saved
    • 1903: Panama City The Panama Canal
    • 1903: Panama City Casualties of This War: One Chinese, One Burro,
    • 1903: La Paz Huilka
    • 1904: Rio de Janeiro Vaccine
    • 1905: Montevideo The Automobile,
    • 1905: Montevideo The Decadent Poets
    • 1905: Ilopango Miguel at One Week
    • 1906: Paris Santos Dumont
    • 1907: Sagua la Grande Lam
    • 1907: Iquique The Flags of Many Countries
    • 1907: Rio Batalha Nimuendajú
    • 1908: Asunción Barrett
    • 1908: San Andrés de Sotavento The Government Decides That Indians Don’t Exist
    • 1908: San Andrés de Sotavento Portrait of a Master of Lives and Estates
    • 1908: Guanape Portrait of Another Master of Lives and Estates
    • 1908: Mérida, Yucatán Curtain Time and After
    • 1908: Ciudad Juárez Wanted
    • 1908: Caracas Castro
    • 1908: Caracas Dolls
    • 1909: Paris A Theory of National Impotence
    • 1909: New York Charlotte
    • 1909: Managua Inter-American Relations at Work
    • 1910: Amazon Jungle The People Eaters
    • 1910: Rio de Janeiro The Black Admiral
    • 1910: Rio de Janeiro Portrait of Brazil’s Most Expensive Lawyer
    • 1910: Rio de Janeiro Reality and the Law Seldom Meet
    • 1910: Mauricio Colony Tolstoy
    • 1910: Havana The Cinema
    • 1910: Mexico City The Centennial and Love
    • 1910: Mexico City The Centennial and Food
    • 1910: Mexico City The Centennial and Art
    • 1910: Mexico City The Centennial and the Dictator
    • 1911: Anenecuilco Zapata
    • 1911: Mexico City Madero
    • 1911: The Fields of Chihuahua Pancho Villa
    • 1911: Machu Picchu The Last Sanctuary of the Incas
    • 1912: Quito Alfaro
    • Sad Verses from the Ecuadoran Songbook
    • 1912: Cantón Santa Ana Chronicle of the Customs of Manabí
    • 1912: Pajeú de Flores Family Wars
    • 1912: Daiquirí Daily Life in the Caribbean: An Invasion
    • 1912: Niquinohomo Daily Life in Central America: Another Invasion
    • 1912: Mexico City Huerta
    • 1913: Mexico City An Eighteen-Cent Rope
    • 1913: Jonacatepec The Hordes Are Not Destroyed
    • Zapata and Those Two
    • 1913: The Plains of Chihuahua The North of Mexico Celebrates War and Fiesta
    • 1913: Culiacán Bullets
    • 1913: The Fields of Chihuahua One of These Mornings I Murdered Myself,
    • 1914: Montevideo Batlle
    • 1914: San Ignacio Quiroga
    • 1914: Montevideo Delmira
    • 1914: Ciudad Jiménez Chronicler of Angry Peoples
    • 1914: Salt Lake City Songster of Angry Peoples
    • 1914: Torreón By Rail They March to Battle
    • 1914: The Fields of Morelos It’s Time to Get Moving and Fight,
    • 1914: Mexico City Huerta Flees
    • 1915: Mexico City Power Ungrasped
    • 1915: Tlaltizapán Agrarian Reform
    • 1915: El Paso Azuela
    • 1916: Tlaltizapán Carranza
    • 1916: Buenos Aires Isadora
    • 1916: New Orleans Jazz
    • 1916: Columbus Latin America Invades the United States
    • 1916: León Darío
    • 1917: The Fields of Chihuahua and Durango Eagles into Hens
    • 1918: Córdoba Moldy Scholars
    • 1918: Córdoba “The Pains That Linger Are the Liberties We Lack,” Proclaims the Student Manifesto
    • 1918: Ilopango Miguel at Thirteen
    • 1918: The Mountains of Morelos Ravaged Land, Living Land
    • 1918: Mexico City The New Bourgeoisie is Born Lying
    • 1919: Cuautla This Man Taught Them That Life Is Not Only Fear of Suffering and Hope for Death
    • Ballad of the Death of Zapata
    • 1919: Hollywood Chaplin
    • 1919: Hollywood Keaton
    • 1919: Memphis Thousands of People Flock to the Show,
    • 1921: Rio de Janeiro Rice Powder
    • 1921: Rio de Janeiro Pixinguinha
    • 1921: Rio de Janeiro Brazil’s Fashionable Author
    • 1922: Toronto This Reprieve
    • 1922: Leavenworth For Continuing to Believe That All Belongs to All
    • 1922: The Fields of Patagonia The Worker-Shoot
    • 1923: Guayas River Crosses Float in the River,
    • 1923: Acapulco The Function of the Forces of Order in the Democratic Process
    • 1923: Azángaro Urviola
    • 1923: Callao Mariátegui
    • 1923: Buenos Aires Snapshot of a Worker-Hunter
    • 1923: Tampico Traven
    • 1923: The Fields of Durango Pancho Villa Reads the Thousand and One Nights,
    • 1923: Mexico City/Parral The People Donated a Million Dead to the Mexican Revolution
    • 1924: Mérida, Yucatán More on the Function of the Forces of Order in the Democratic Process
    • 1924: Mexico City Nationalizing the Walls
    • 1924: Mexico City Diego Rivera
    • 1924: Mexico City Orozco
    • 1924: Mexico City Siqueiros
    • The People Are the Hero of Mexican Mural Painting, Says Diego Rivera
    • 1924: Regla Lenin
    • 1926: San Albino Sandino
    • 1926: Puerto Cabezas The Most Admirable Women on Earth
    • 1926: Juazeiro do Norte Father Cicero
    • 1926: Juazeiro do Norte By Divine Miracle a Bandit Becomes a Captain
    • 1926: New York Valentino
    • 1927: Chicago Louie
    • 1927: New York Bessie
    • 1927: Rapallo Pound
    • 1927: Charlestown “Lovely day,”
    • 1927: Araraquara Mário de Andrade
    • 1927: Paris Villa-Lobos
    • 1927: The Plains of Jalisco Behind a Huge Cross of Sticks
    • 1927: San Gabriel de Jalisco A Child Looks On
    • 1927: El Chipote The War of Jaguars and Birds
    • 1928: San Rafael del Norte Crazy Little Army
    • “It Was All Very Brotherly”
    • 1928: Washington Newsreel
    • 1928: Managua Profile of Colonial Power
    • 1928: Mexico City Obregón
    • 1928: Villahermosa The Priest Eater
    • 1928: Southern Santa Marta Bananization
    • 1928: Aracataca The Curse
    • 1928: Ciénaga Carnage
    • 1928: Aracataca García Márquez
    • 1928: Bogotá Newsreel
    • 1929: Mexico City Mella
    • 1929: Mexico City Tina Modotti
    • 1929: Mexico City Frida
    • 1929: Capela Lampião
    • 1929: Atlantic City The Crime Trust
    • 1929: Chicago Al Capone
    • Al Capone Calls for Defense Against the Communist Danger
    • 1929: New York Euphoria
    • From the Capitalist Manifesto of Henry Ford, Automobile Manufacturer
    • 1929: New York The Crisis
    • 1930: La Paz A Touching Adventure of the Prince of Wales Among the Savages
    • 1930: Buenos Aires Yrigoyen
    • 1930: Paris Ortiz Echagüe, Journalist, Comments on the Fallen Price of Meat
    • 1930: Avellaneda The Cow, the Sword, and the Cross
    • 1930: Castex The Last Rebel Gaucho
    • 1930: Santo Domingo The Hurricane
    • 1930: Ilopango Miguel at Twenty-Five
    • 1930: New York Daily Life in the Crisis
    • 1930: Achuapa Shrinking the Rainbow
    • 1931: Bocay The Trumpets Will Sound
    • Sandino Writes to One of His Officers: “We won’t be able to walk for all the flowers …”
    • 1931: Bocay Santos López
    • 1931: Bocay Tranquilino
    • 1931: Bocay Little Cabrera
    • 1931: Hanwell The Winner
    • 1932: Hollywood The Loser
    • 1932: Mexico City Eisenstein
    • 1932: The Roads of Santa Fe The Puppeteer
    • 1932: Izalco The Right to Vote and Its Painful Consequences
    • 1932: Soyapango Miguel at Twenty-Six
    • 1932: Managua Sandino Is Advancing
    • 1932: San Salvador Miguel at Twenty-Seven
    • 1933: Managua The First U.S. Military Defeat in Latin America
    • 1933: Camp Jordán The Chaco War
    • Céspedes
    • Roa Bastos
    • 1934: Managua Horror Film: Scenario for Two Actors and a Few Extras
    • 1934: Managua The Government Decides That Crime Does Not Exist
    • 1934: San Salvador Miguel at Twenty-Nine
    • 1935: The Villamontes-Boyuibe Road After Ninety Thousand Deaths
    • 1935: Maracay Gómez
    • 1935: Buenos Aires Borges
    • 1935: Buenos Aires These Infamous Years
    • 1935: Buenos Aires Discepolín
    • 1935: Buenos Aires Evita
    • 1935: Buenos Aires Alfonsina
    • 1935: Medellín Gardel
    • 1936: Buenos Aires Patoruzú
    • 1936: Rio de Janeiro Olga and He
    • 1936: Madrid The Spanish War
    • 1936: San Salvador Martínez
    • 1936: San Salvador: Miguel at Thirty-One
    • 1936: Guatemala City Ubico
    • 1936: Trujillo City In the Year Six of the Trujillo Era
    • Procedure Against Rain
    • Procedure Against Disobedience
    • 1937: Dajabón Procedure Against the Black Menace
    • 1937: Washington Newsreel
    • 1937: Rio de Janeiro Procedure Against the Red Menace
    • 1937: Cariri Valley The Crime of Community
    • 1937: Rio de Janeiro Monteiro Lobato
    • 1937: Madrid Hemingway
    • 1937: Mexico City The Bolero
    • 1937: Mexico City Cantinflas
    • 1937: Mexico City Cárdenas
    • 1938: Anenecuilco Nicolás, Son of Zapata
    • 1938: Mexico City The Nationalization of Oil
    • 1938: Mexico City Showdown
    • 1938: Coyoacán Trotsky
    • 1938: The Hinterland The Cangaceiros
    • 1938: Angico The Cangaceiro Hunters
    • 1939: São Salvador de Bahia The Women of the Gods
    • Exú
    • María Padilha
    • 1939: Rio de Janeiro The Samba
    • 1939: Rio de Janeiro The Scoundrel
    • 1939: Rio de Janeiro Cartola
    • 1939: Montserrat Vallejo
    • 1939: Washington Roosevelt
    • 1939: Washington In the Year Nine of the Trujillo Era
    • 1939: Washington Somoza
    • 1939: New York Superman
    • 1941: New York Portrait of an Opinion Maker
    • 1942: New York The Red Cross Doesn’t Accept Black Blood
    • 1942: Oxford, Mississippi Faulkner
    • 1942: Hollywood Brecht
    • 1942: Hollywood The Good Neighbors to the South
    • 1942: María Barzola Pampa A Latin American Method for Reducing Production Costs
    • 1943: Sans-Souci Carpentier
    • 1943: Port-au-Prince Hands That Don’t Lie
    • 1943: Mount Rouis A Little Grain of Salt
    • 1944: New York Learning to See
    • 1945: The Guatemala–El Salvador Border Miguel at Forty
    • 1945: Hiroshima and Nagasaki A Sun of Fire,
    • 1945: Princeton Einstein
    • 1945: Buenos Aires Perón
    • 1945: The Fields of Tucumán The Familiar
    • A Wake for a Little Angel
    • 1945: The Fields of Tucumán Yupanqui
    • 1946: La Paz The Rosca
    • 1946: La Paz Villarroel
    • 1946: Hollywood Carmen Miranda
    • 1948: Bogotá On the Eve
    • 1948: Bogotá Gaitán
    • 1948: Bogotá The Bogotazo
    • 1948: Bogotá Flames
    • 1948: Bogotá Ashes
    • 1948: Upar Valley The Vallenato
    • 1948: Wroclaw Picasso
    • 1948: Somewhere in Chile Neruda
    • 1948: San José de Costa Rica Figueres
    • 1949: Washington The Chinese Revolution
    • 1949: Havana Radio Theater
    • 1950: Rio de Janeiro Obdulio
    • 1950: Hollywood Rita
    • 1950: Hollywood Marilyn
    • 1951: Mexico City Buñuel
    • 1952: San Fernando Hill Sick unto Death
    • 1952: La Paz El Illimani
    • 1952: La Paz Drum of the People
    • A Woman of the Bolivian Mines Gives the Recipe for a Homemade Bomb
    • 1952: Cochabamba Cries of Mockery and Grievance
    • Shameless Verses Sung by Indian Women of Cochabamba to Jesus Christ
    • 1952: Buenos Aires The Argentine People Feel Naked Without Her
    • 1952: On the High Seas Wanted: Charlie the Tramp
    • 1952: London An Admirable Ghost
    • 1953: Washington Newsreel
    • 1953: Washington The Witch Hunt
    • 1953: Washington Portrait of a Witch Hunter
    • 1953: Seattle Robeson
    • 1953: Santiago de Cuba Fidel
    • 1953: Santiago de Cuba The Accused Turns Prosecutor and Announces: “History Will Absolve Me”
    • 1953: Boston United Fruit
    • 1953: Guatemala City Arbenz
    • 1953: San Salvador Dictator Wanted
    • 1954: Washington The Deciding Machine, Piece by Piece
    • 1954: Boston The Lie Machine, Piece by Piece
    • 1954: Guatemala City The Reconquest of Guatemala
    • 1954: Mazatenango Miguel at Forty-Nine
    • 1954: Guatemala City Newsreel
    • 1954: Rio de Janeiro Getulio
    • 1955: Medellín Nostalgia
    • 1955: Asunción Withdrawal Symptoms
    • 1955: Guatemala City One Year after the Reconquest of Guatemala,
    • 1956: Buenos Aires The Government Decides That Peronism Doesn’t Exist
    • 1956: León Son of Somoza
    • 1956: Santo Domingo In the Year Twenty-Six of the Trujillo Era
    • 1956: Havana Newsreel
    • 1956: At the Foot of the Sierra Maestro Twelve Lunatics
    • 1957: Benidorm Marked Cards
    • 1957: Majagual Colombia’s Sainted Egg
    • 1957: Sucre Saint Lucío
    • 1957: The Sinú River Banks Saint Domingo Vidal
    • 1957: Pino del Agua Crucito
    • 1957: El Uvero Almeida
    • 1957: Santiago de Cuba Portrait of an Imperial Ambassador
    • 1957: El Hombrito Che
    • Old Chana, Campesina of the Sierra Maestra, Remembers:
    • 1958: Stockholm Pelé
    • 1958: Stockholm Garrincha
    • 1958: Sierra Maestra The Revolution Is an Unstoppable Centipede
    • 1958: Yaguajay Camilo
    • 1959: Havana Cuba Wakes Up Without Batista
    • The Rumba
    • 1959: Havana Portrait of a Caribbean Casanova
    • 1959: Havana “We have only won the right to begin,”
    • 1960: Brasília A City, or Delirium in the Midst of Nothing
    • 1960: Rio de Janeiro Niemeyer
    • 1960: Rio de Janeiro Guimaraes Rosa
    • 1960: Artemisa Thousands and Thousands of Machetes
    • 1961: Santo Domingo In the Year Thirty-One of the Trujillo Era
    • 1961: Santo Domingo Defunctisimo
    • 1961: Bay of Pigs Against the Wind,
    • 1961: Playa Girón The Second U.S. Military Defeat in Latin America
    • 1961: Havana Portrait of the Past
    • 1961: Washington Who Invaded Cuba? A Dialogue in the U.S. Senate
    • 1961: Havana María de la Cruz
    • 1961: Punta del Este Latrine Diplomacy
    • 1961: Escuinapa The Tale Spinner
    • 1961: Sāo Salvador de Bahia Amado
    • 1962: Cosalá One Plus One Is One
    • 1962: Villa de Jesús María One Plus One Is All
    • 1963: Bayamo Hurricane Flora
    • 1963: Havana Everyone a Jack-of-All-Trades
    • 1963: Havana Portrait of the Bureaucrat
    • 1963: Havana Bola de Nieve
    • 1963: Río Coco On His Shoulders He Carries the Embrace of Sandino,
    • 1963: San Salvador Miguel at Fifty-Eight
    • 1963: Dallas The Government Decides That Truth Doesn’t Exist
    • 1963: Santo Domingo A Chronicle of Latin American Customs
    • 1964: Panama Twenty-Three Boys Are Pumped Full of Lead
    • 1964: Rio de Janeiro “There are dark clouds,”
    • 1964: Juiz de Fora The Reconquest of Brazil
    • 1964: La Paz Without Shame or Glory,
    • 1964: North of Potosí With Savage Fury
    • Hats
    • 1965: San Juan, Puerto Rico Bosch
    • 1965: Santo Domingo Caamano
    • 1965: Santo Domingo The Invasion
    • 1965: Santo Domingo One Hundred Thirty-Two Nights
    • 1965: Havana This Multiplier of Revolutions,
    • Che Guevara Bids Farewell to His Parents
    • 1966: Patiocemento “We know that hunger is mortal,”
    • 1967: Llallagua The Feast of San Juan
    • 1967: Catavi The Day After
    • 1967: Catavi Domitila
    • The Interrogation of Domitila
    • 1967: Catavi The God in the Stone
    • 1967: On the Ñancahuazú River Banks Seventeen Men March to Annihilation
    • 1967: Yuro Ravine The Fall of Che
    • 1967: Higueras Bells Toll for Him
    • 1967: La Paz Portrait of a Supermacho
    • 1967: Estoril Society Notes
    • 1967: Houston Ali
    • 1968: Memphis Portrait of a Dangerous Man
    • 1968: San Jose, California The Chicanos
    • 1968: San Juan, Puerto Rico Albizu
    • 1968: Mexico City The Students
    • “There was much, much blood,” says the mother of a student,
    • 1968: Mexico City Revueltas
    • 1968: Banks of the River Yaqui The Mexican Revolution Isn’t There Anymore
    • 1968: Mexico City Rulfo
    • 1969: Lima Arguedas
    • 1969: Sea of Tranquillity The Discovery of the Earth
    • 1969: Bogotá The Urchins
    • 1969: Any City Someone
    • 1969: Rio de Janeiro Expulsion from the Slums
    • 1969: Baixo Grande A Castle of Garbage
    • 1969: Arque Pass The Last Stunt of Aviator Barrientos
    • 1960: San Salvador and Tegucigalpa Two Turbulent Soccer Matches
    • 1969: San Salvador and Tegucigalpa The Soccer War
    • 1969: Port-au-Prince A Law Condemns to Death Anyone Who Says or Writes Red Words in Haiti
    • 1970: Montevideo Portrait of a Torture Trainer
    • 1970: Managua Rugama
    • 1970: Santiago de Chile Landscape after Elections
    • 1971: Santiago de Chile Donald Duck
    • 1971: Santiago de Chile “Shoot at Fidel,”
    • 1972: Managua Nicaragua, Inc.
    • 1972: Managua Somoza’s Other Son
    • Tachito Somoza’s Pearl of Wisdom
    • 1972: Santiago de Chile Chile Trying to Be Born
    • 1972: Santiago de Chile Portrait of a Multinational Company
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile The Trap
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile Allende
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile Great Avenues Will Open Up, Announces Salvador Allende in His Final Message
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile The Reconquest of Chile
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile The Home of Allende
    • 1973: Santiago de Chile The Home of Neruda
    • 1973: Miami Sacred Consumerism Against the Dragon of Communism
    • 1973: Recife Eulogy of Humiliation
    • 1974: Brasília Ten Years after the Reconquest of Brazil
    • 1974: Rio de Janeiro Chico
    • 1974: Guatemala City Twenty Years after the Reconquest of Guatemala
    • 1974: Forests of Guatemala The Quetzal
    • 1974: Ixcán A Political Education Class in Guatemala
    • 1974: Yoro Rain
    • 1975: San Salvador Miguel at Seventy
    • 1975: San Salvador Roque
    • 1975: Amazon River Tropical Landscape
    • 1975: Amazon River This Is the Father of All Rivers,
    • 1975: Ribeirão Bonito A Day of Justice
    • 1975: Huayanay Another Day of Justice
    • 1975: Cuzco Condori Measures Time by Bread
    • 1975: Lima Velasco
    • 1975: Lima The Altarpieces of Huamanga
    • The Molas of San Blas
    • The Bark Paintings of the Balsas River
    • The Arpilleras of Santiago
    • The Little Devils of Ocumicho
    • On Private Property and the Right of Creation
    • 1975: Cabimas Vargas
    • 1975: Salta Happy Colors of Change
    • 1975: Buenos Aires Against the Children of Evita and Marx
    • 1976: Madrid Onetti
    • 1976: San José A Country Stripped of Words
    • A Uruguayan Political Prisoner, Mauricio Rosencof, Says His Piece
    • 1976: Liberty Forbidden Birds
    • 1976: Montevideo Seventy-Five Methods of Torture,
    • 1976: Montevideo “One Must Obey,” the New Official Texts Teach Uruguayan Students
    • 1976: Montevideo The Head Shrinkers
    • 1976: La Perla The Third World War
    • 1976: Buenos Aires The Choice
    • 1976: La Plata Bent over the Ruins, a Woman Looks
    • 1976: Forest of Zinica Carlos
    • 1977: Managua Tomás
    • 1977: Solentiname Archipelago Cardenal
    • Omar Cabezas Tells of the Mountain’s Mourning for the Death of a Guerrilla in Nicaragua
    • 1977: Brasília Scissors
    • 1977: Buenos Aires Walsh
    • 1977: Río Cuarto The Burned Books of Walsh and Other Authors Are Declared Nonexistent
    • 1977: Buenos Aires The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo,
    • 1977: Buenos Aires Alicia Moreau
    • 1977: Buenos Aires Portrait of a Croupier
    • 1977: Caracas The Exodus of the Intruders
    • María Laonza
    • José Gregorio
    • 1977: Graceland Elvis
    • 1978: San Salvador Romero
    • 1978: La Paz Five Women
    • 1978: Managua “The Pigsty”
    • Tachito Somoza’s Pearl of Wisdom
    • 1978: Panama City: Torrijos
    • 1979: Madrid Intruders Disturb the Quiet Ingestion of the Body of God
    • 1979: New York Banker Rockefeller Congratulates Dictator Videla
    • 1979: Siuna Portrait of a Nicaraguan Worker
    • 1979: In All Nicaragua The Earth Buckles
    • 1979: In All Nicaragua Get It Together, Everyone,
    • From The Datebook of Tachito Somoza
    • 1979: Managua “Tourism must be stimulated,”
    • 1979: Managua Somoza’s Grandson
    • 1979: Granada The Comandantes
    • 1979: In All Nicaragua Birth
    • 1979: Paris Darcy
    • 1979: Santiago de Chile Stubborn Faith
    • 1979: Chajul Another Kind of Political Education in Guatemala
    • The Mayas Plant Each Child That Is Born
    • 1980: La Paz The Cococracy
    • 1980: Santa Ana de Yacuma Portrait of a Modern Businessman
    • The White Goddess
    • 1980: Santa Marta Marijuana
    • 1980: Santa Marta Saint Agatón
    • 1980: Guatemala City Newsreel
    • 1980: Uspantán Rigoberta
    • 1980: San Salvador The Offering
    • 1980: Montevideo A People Who Say No
    • 1980: In All Nicaragua On Its Way
    • 1980: Asunción Stroessner
    • 1980: In All Nicaragua Discovering
    • 1980: New York The Statue of Liberty Seems Pitted with Smallpox
    • 1980: New York Lennon
    • 1981: Surahammar Exile
    • 1981: Celica Canton “Bad Luck, Human Error, Bad Weather”
    • 1982: South Georgia Islands Portrait of a Brave Fellow
    • 1982: Malvinas Islands The Malvinas War,
    • 1982: The Roads of La Mancha Master Globetrotter
    • 1982: Stockholm Novelist García Márquez Receives the Nobel Prize and Speaks of Our Lands Condemned to One Hundred Years of Solitude
    • 1983: St. George’s The Reconquest of the Island of Grenada
    • 1983: La Bermuda Marianela
    • 1983: Santiago de Chile Ten Years after the Reconquest of Chile
    • 1983: A Ravine between Cabildo and Petorca Television
    • 1983: Buenos Aires The Granny Detectives
    • 1983: Lima Tamara Flies Twice
    • 1983: Buenos Aires What If the Desert Were Ocean and the Earth Were Sky?
    • 1983: Plateau of Petitions The Mexican Theater of Dreams
    • 1983: Tuma River Realization
    • 1983: Managua Defiance
    • 1983: Mérida The People Set God on His Feet,
    • 1983: Managua Newsreel
    • 1984: The Vatican The Holy Office of the Inquisition
    • 1984: London Gold and Frankincense
    • A Circular Symphony for Poor Countries, in Six Successive Movements
    • 1984: Washington 1984
    • 1984: Washington We Are All Hostages
    • 1984: Sāo Paulo Twenty Years after the Reconquest of Brazil
    • 1984: Guatemala City Thirty Years after the Reconquest of Guatemala,
    • 1984: Rio de Janeiro Mishaps of Collective Memory in Latin America
    • 1984: Mexico City Against Forgetting,
    • 1984: Mexico City The Resurrection of the Living
    • 1984: Estelí Believing
    • 1984: Havana Miguel at Seventy-Nine
    • 1984: Paris The Echoes Go Searching for the Voice
    • 1984: Punta Santa Elena The Eternal Embrace
    • 1984: Violeta Parra Community The Stolen Name
    • 1984: Tepic The Found Name
    • 1984: Bluefields Flying
    • 1986: Montevideo A Letter
    • The Sources
    • Index
  • About the Author

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