The Devil Behind the Surplice: Matthias Flacius and John Hooper on Adiaphora

The Devil Behind the Surplice: Matthias Flacius and John Hooper on Adiaphora

by Wade Johnston

Paperback

$25.00
View All Available Formats & Editions
Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for guaranteed delivery by Thursday, October 24

Overview

Between 1548 and 1551, controversies over adiaphora, or indifferent matters, erupted in both Germany and England. Matthias Flacius Illyricus in Germany and John Hooper in England both refused to accept, among other things, the same liturgical vestment: the surplice. While Flacius' objections to the imperial liturgical requirements were largely contextual, because the vestments and rites were forced on the church and were part of a recatholicizing agenda, Hooper protested because he was convinced that disputed vestments and rites lacked a biblical basis. The Devil behind the Surplice demonstrates that, while Flacius fought to protect the reformation principle of justification by grace alone through faith alone, Hooper strove to defend the reformation principle that Scripture alone was the source and norm of Christian doctrine and practice. Ultimately, Flacius wanted more Elijahs, prophets to guide a faithful remnant, and Hooper wanted a new Josiah, a young reform king to purify the kingdom and strip it of idolatry.

""Wade Johnston has masterfully traced two trajectories of the reformation reflected through the lens of adiaphora in the figures of Flacius and Hooper. Solid biographical studies of both men are coupled with a careful study of their respective understandings of the goal of the reformation . . . Johnston has done his historical homework giving readers much to ponder in light of the way that the contrasting trajectories of two reformers continue to manifest themselves in the lives of contemporary Protestant churches. The Devil Behind the Surplice is a welcomed contribution.""
--John T. Pless, Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, Indiana

""Johnston provides helpful insight into Flacius' extensive writings, his intrepid spirit as a confessor, and his clear understanding of the doctrinal compromise implicit in accepting the terms of the Leipzig Interim. Perhaps most thought-provoking are the many contrasts he draws between Hooper and Flacius in their approach to clerical vestments. He perceptively observes that Flacius' primary concern was preserving the gospel of salvation by grace alone, while Hooper's was obedience to the law.""
--Earle D. Treptow, Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary, Mequon, Wisconsin


Wade Johnston serves as assistant professor of theology at Wisconsin Lutheran College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Before that, he served ten years as a parish pastor in Michigan. He is also the author of An Uncompromising Gospel: Lutheranism's First Identity Crisis and Lessons for Today.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781532617720
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 01/16/2018
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.39(d)

About the Author

Wade Johnston serves as assistant professor of theology at Wisconsin Lutheran College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Before that, he served ten years as a parish pastor in Michigan. He is also the author of An Uncompromising Gospel: Lutheranism's First Identity Crisis and Lessons for Today.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Abbreviations and Translations x

Introduction xi

Part 1 Matthias Flacius and the Adiaphoristic Controversy

1 The Path to the Adiaphoristic Controversy 3

1.1 Luther's Theology of the Two Kingdoms 3

1.2 The Schmaikaldic League and the Outbreak of the Controversy 11

1.3 Flacius' Life up to the Controversy 19

2 Flacius' Case against the Interims 27

2.1 The Background and Nature of Flacius' Writings 27

2.2 Flacius' Use of Examples from Scripture and Ecclesiastical History 32

2.3 The Apocalypse and the End of Luther's Reformation in Germany 41

2.4 The Church as Remnant 49

2.5 Confession, Martyrdom, and the Theology of the Cross 55

2.6 An Outsider on Outsiders 62

2.7 The Magdeburg Confession and the Formula of Concord 68

3 Concluding Thoughts on Part One 79

Part 2 John Hooper and the Vestment Controversy

4 The Path to the Vestment Controversy 87

4.1 Wittenberg and Henry VIII: Doors Open 87

4.2 Wittenberg and Henry VIII: Doors Close 94

4.3 Hooper's Life up to the Controversy 96

4.4 Zurich's Theological Imprint upon Hooper 101

4.5 Edward VI and His Reform 107

4.6 The Vestment Controversy 114

5 Hooper's Case against the Vestments 121

5.1 The Background and Nature of Hooper's Sermons on Jonah 121

5.2 The Apostolic and Primitive 124

5.3 The Old Testament 133

5.4 Church, State, and Obedience 140

5.5 Affliction and the Cross 147

5.6 Bishop Hooper's "Notes" to the King's Council 150

6 Conclusion: Comparisons and Contrasts 160

Bibliography 171

Index 179

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews