In 1095 Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade to recover Jerusalem from the Seljuq Turks. Tens of thousands of people joined his cause, making it the single largest event of the Middle Ages. The conflict would rage for over 200 years, poisoning Christian and Islamic relations forever. In this new introduction to the Crusades, Andrew Jotischky takes readers through the key events, focusing on the experience of crusading, from both sides, and asking crucial questions. What were the motivations of the crusaders? What was it like to be a crusader or live in a crusading society? How do these events, nearly a thousand years ago, still shape the politics of today?
About the Author
Professor Andrew Jotischky is head of the history department at Lancaster University, and author of Crusading and the Crusader States (Routledge 2004). He lives in Lancaster, U.K.
Table of Contents
List of maps and illustrations vii
1 What were the Crusads? 1
2 An anatomy of crusading 21
3 The First Crusade 38
4 The kingdom of Jerusalem 52
5 The Islamic reaction: Zengi, Nur ad-Din and Saladin 74
6 Pope Innocent III: the crusading pope 94
7 Unlikely success and glorious failure: royal crusades in the thirteenth century 114
8 The loss of the Holy Land 128
9 Life on the frontier: crusader society 146
10 The transformation of the Crusades 163
Further reading 175