Pub. Date:
Cengage Learning
The American Paradox: A History of the United States since 1945 / Edition 1

The American Paradox: A History of the United States since 1945 / Edition 1

by Steven M. Gillon


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This reader for courses in recent American history emphasizes political participation and popular culture. Its main theme is the relationship of Americans to their government, for example, how Americans as a people remain skeptical of big government even as they expect it to facilitate large programs such as Social Security.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780618150144
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 08/01/2003
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 493
Product dimensions: 6.48(w) x 9.22(h) x 0.81(d)

About the Author

Steve Gillon received his Ph.D. from Brown University. He has taught American cultural and political history at Brown, Yale, and Oxford. While a Professor at Yale, he was awarded the DeVane medal, a teaching award conferred each year by graduating seniors. He currently serves as Dean of the Honors College at the University of Oklahoma, and is Resident Historian at the History Channel. Dr. Gillon's books include THE DEMOCRAT'S DILEMMA: WALTER F. MONDALE AND THE LIBERAL LEGACY and "THAT'S NOT WHAT WE MEANT TO DO": REFORM AND ITS UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICA. His most recent book is THE PACT: BILL CLINTON, NEWT GINGRICH, AND THE RIVALRY THAT DEFINED A GENERATION.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with Selected Readings. Introduction: The American Paradox, 1945-2002 1. The Specter of Appeasement: The Cold War, 1945-1949 Roots of the Cold War Harry Truman Takes Charge The Fall of the Iron Curtain Containing Communism: The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan Mounting Tensions, Precarious Solutions Debating Containment PRIMARY SOURCES George Kennan, The Sources of Soviet Conduct Henry Wallace, The Last Chance for Peace Harry Truman, The Truman Doctrine 2. In the Shadow of FDR From War to Peace The Rise of Harry Truman Truman and the Divided Democrats The 1948 Election Trying for a Fair Deal The Vital Center PRIMARY SOURCES Harry Truman, Acceptance Speech, 1948 3. The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War in Asia The Korean War: From Invasion to Stalemate Truman-MacArthur and the Trials of Containment Consequences of Korea The Politics of Fear Cold War Popular Culture Joseph McCarthy PRIMARY SOURCES National Security Council, NSC-68 Joseph McCarthy, Final, All-Out Battle Margaret Chase Smith, Declaration of Conscience 4. The Consumer Society, 1945-1960 The Baby Boom and the Rise of Mass Consumption The Rise of the Suburbs The Changing World of Work Shaping National Culture: The Shared Images of Television The Car Culture Teenagers and the Rise of Rock and Roll Mass Culture and Its Critics PRIMARY SOURCES Billy Graham, America's Greatest Sin Life, The New Teen Market U.S. News and World Report, Perils of Mass Culture 5. The Politics of Moderation, 1951-1960 The Election of 1952 Dynamic Conservatism at Home Taking on McCarthy The 1956 Presidential Campaign The "New Look" Abroad Rhetoric and Reality of Liberation The Threat of Third-World Nationalism Eisenhower and Vietnam PRIMARY SOURCES Richard Nixon, The Checkers Speech Dwight Eisenhower to Swede Hazlett, 1954 Dwight Eisenhower, The Domino Theory 6. American Ideals and Social Realities, 1952-1960 Intellectuals and the Celebration of Consensus The New Poverty Women During the 1950s The Struggle for Black Equality The Montgomery Bus Boycott Civic Nationalism/ Cultural Pluralism The Quest for National Purpose, 1957-1960 Political and Economic Uncertainties Kennedy and the 1960 Presidential Election PRIMARY SOURCES Brown v. Board of Education The Southern Manifesto, 1956 How to respond to a Nuclear Attack, 1950 7. The Kennedy Presidency, 1961-1963 JFK and the New Frontier JFK and Civil Rights From Birmingham to Montgomery New Frontiers Abroad The Bay of Pigs Kennedy and Khrushchev The Cuban Missile Crisis JFK and Vietnam The Life of Kennedy's Death PRIMARY SOURCES SNCC Statement of Purpose, 1960 Diem to JFK, 1961; JFK to Diem, 1961 8. Lyndon Johnson's Ordeal: The Great Society and Vietnam, 1964-1968 Lyndon Johnson Takes Charge The War on Poverty The 1964 Election The Great Society Johnson and Civil Rights The Reforms of the Warren Court Vietnam: The Decision to Escalate America's War The Solider's War PRIMARY SOURCES Barry Goldwater, Acceptance Speech, 1964 The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 1964 George Ball, Memorandum for the President 9. Challenging the Consensus, 1960-1969 The Youth Culture The New Left and the Anti-War Movement The New Conservatives The Watts Rebellion King in Chicago Black Power/ White Backlash Tet and the Anguish of Lyndon Johnson Kennedy and King The 1968 Democratic Convention The Center Holds: The Election of 1968 PRIMARY SOURCES SDS, Port Huron Statement Mario Savio, Sproul Hall Steps YAF, The Sharon Statement Malcolm X, The Black Revolution 10. Richard Nixon and the New Republican Majority, 1969-1974 The Rise of the Middle Americans The Rise of Richard Nixon Vietnam: The War at Home and Abroad Mobilizing the "Silent Majority" The Cambodian Incursion Peace with Honor? Nixon, Kissinger, and the World The Limits of Realism Playing the Race Card The 1972 Presidential Campaign Watergate and the Downfall of Richard Nixon PRIMARY SOURCES Richard Nixon, The Silent Majority The Smoking Gun 11. The Clash of Cultures, 1970-1980 The Me Decade The Flowering of 60s Culture African Americans: Progress and Poverty The New Cultural Pluralism The Modern Gay-Rights Movement The Women's Movement Saving the Environment The Conservative Response Cultural Crosscurrents The Battle over the Equal Rights Amendment Busing Anita Bryant and the Struggle for Gay Rights PRIMARY SOURCES Cesar Chávez, The Grape Boycott A Radical Manifesto, 1969 Phyllis Schlafly, The Power of the Positive Woman 12. America's Crisis of Confidence, 1974-1980 Watergate Legacies: The Diffusion of Power The Politics of Austerity A Time to Heal: The Brief Presidency of Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter and the New Democrats The Democrats' Discontent The 1980 Presidential Campaign PRIMARY SOURCES Gerald Ford, Pardon of Richard Nixon Jimmy Carter, The Crisis of Confidence Ronald Reagan, New Economic Policies, 1980 13. The Reagan Presidency, 1981-1989 The Style and Substance of Ronald Reagan The Reagan Agenda Attacking the Liberal State Reagan Justice The 1984 Presidential Campaign Reagan and the Cold War The New Arms Race The Cold War in Central America The Threat of International Terrorism The Reagan Legacy PRIMARY SOURCES Ronald Reagan, Inaugural Address Geraldine Ferraro, 1984 Democratic Convention Speech Oliver North, Iran-Contra Testimony 14. The Culture Wars, 1980-1992 The Politics of Family Values Abortion AIDS and the Struggle for Gay Rights Black, Brown, and Yellow The Backlash Against Multiculturalism PRIMARY SOURCES Jerry Falwell, Return to Traditional Religious Values A. Barlett Giamatti, Letter to Yale Freshmen, 1981 Ryan White, AIDS Testimony 15. The Triumph of Consumerism, 1980-1992 The Money Culture The MTV Generation The Hourglass Society The Poverty Debate American Aparthied PRIMARY SOURCES Ivan Boesky, Commencement Address, 1986 16. The End of the Cold War, 1988-1992 The Search for Reagan's Successor 1989: The Year of Miracles The New World Order War with Iraq Problems on the Home Front The Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas Hearings The 1992 Presidential Campaign PRIMARY SOURCES Congress Debates War or Peace with Iraq 17. The Clinton Presidency, 1993-2001 The Clinton Agenda Moving to the Center Winning a Second Term: The 1996 Campaign The New Internationalism Trouble Spots: Iraq and Yugoslavia Impeachment The Clinton Legacy PRIMARY SOURCES The Contract with America, 1994 Bill Clinton, Apology to the Nation 18. The Prosperous Nineties The Computer Revolution and the Information Society The Birth of the World Wide Web Wall Street Boom From Wall Street to Main Street The Politics of Prosperity Sex, Violence, and the Culture Wars Hip-Hop Nation Race and American Justice The Many Shades of Color in America Terrorism American Style The Perils of Prosperity: Suburban Sprawl The 2000 Presidential Election PRIMARY SOURCES Lars Ulrich (Metallica), On Napster Supreme Court, Bush v. Gore Epilogue: The Challenges of the New Century The Bush Presidency Blowback "We Are All Soldiers Now" The Paradox of Power PRIMARY SOURCES George Bush, Declaration of War on Terrorism

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