Terror in the Heart of Freedom: Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South / Edition 1 available in Paperback
The meaning of race in the antebellum southern United States was anchored in the racial exclusivity of slavery (coded as black) and full citizenship (coded as white as well as male). These traditional definitions of race were radically disrupted after emancipation, when citizenship was granted to all persons born in the United States and suffrage was extended to all men. Hannah Rosen persuasively argues that in this critical moment of Reconstruction, contests over the future meaning of race were often fought on the terrain of gender.Sexual violencespecifically, white-on-black rapeemerged as a critical arena in postemancipation struggles over African American citizenship. Analyzing the testimony of rape survivors, Rosen finds that white men often staged elaborate attacks meant to enact prior racial hierarchy. Through their testimony, black women defiantly rejected such hierarchy and claimed their new and equal rights. Rosen explains how heated debates over interracial marriage were also attempts by whites to undermine African American men's demands for suffrage and a voice in public affairs. By connecting histories of rape and discourses of "social equality" with struggles over citizenship, Rosen shows how gendered violence and gendered rhetorics of race together produced a climate of terror for black men and women seeking to exercise their new rights as citizens. Linking political events at the city, state, and regional levels, Rosen places gender and sexual violence at the heart of understanding the reconsolidation of race and racism in the postemancipation United States.
About the Author
Hannah Rosen is assistant professor in the Program in American Culture and the Women's Studies Department at the University of Michigan.
What People are Saying About This
Terror in the Heart of Freedom is an outstanding book. It places gender and sexuality at the center of the story of emancipation and its aftermath in the decade following the Civil War. No other historian has analyzed the meaning of sexual violence for black women and men and for southern men, black and white, with the depth and breadth offered by Rosen. This book will transform the way American historians teach about Reconstruction and the way women's historians teach about gender and sexual violence.Nancy A. Hewitt, Rutgers University