"I cannot think that the world, as we see it, is the result of chance; & yet I cannot look at each separate thing as the result of design." English naturalist Charles Darwin wrote this in 1860, a year after publishing his theory of evolution. His words show the personal struggle of a man forced by his own observations to answer the fundamental questionWhere do we come from?in a revolutionary new way.
Darwin's internal battle reflects a broader public strugglethe attempt to reconcile scientific fact with religious faith. Shaking the Foundation: Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution follows this battle, from the supporting theories of fellow scientists, to the opposing voices of clergymen, to twenty-first-century supporters of Intelligent Design. Through quotations from letters and other contemporary sources, you'll meet the personalities and ideas involved in the debate. You'll also examine some of the legal cases that brought evolution into the U.S. courtroom. These cases include the famous Scopes trial in 1925 and the Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District case in 2005, which tested a school policy requiring the teaching of Intelligent Design. Through these and other debates, you'll learn more about the struggle over one of life's most profound questions.
About the Author
Sylvia A. Johnson has a long career as an award-winning writer and editor of nonfiction science and history titles for young people. Her recent books include Crows (2005), Cobras (2007), and The Spanish Conquest of Mexico (2009) for for Twenty-First Century Books.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Enter Charles Darwin 13
Chapter 2 Building a Theory 23
Chapter 3 On the Origin of Species 33
Chapter 4 The Controversy Begins 41
Chapter 5 Witnesses for the Opposition 47
Chapter 6 The Decline of Darwinism 55
Chapter 7 Darwinism and Society 61
Chapter 8 Evolution Under Fire 67
Activity: Constructing a Point of New 78
Source Notes 81
Selected Bibliography 84
Suggested Reading 86