Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature

Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature

by Janice A. Radway

Paperback(Revised Edition)

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Originally published in 1984, Reading the Romance challenges popular (and often demeaning) myths about why romantic fiction, one of publishing's most lucrative categories, captivates millions of women readers. Among those who have disparaged romance reading are feminists, literary critics, and theorists of mass culture. They claim that romances enforce the woman reader's dependence on men and acceptance of the repressive ideology purveyed by popular culture. Radway questions such claims, arguing that critical attention "must shift from the text itself, taken in isolation, to the complex social event of reading." She examines that event, from the complicated business of publishing and distribution to the individual reader's engagement with the text.

Radway's provocative approach combines reader-response criticism with anthropology and feminist psychology. Asking readers themselves to explore their reading motives, habits, and rewards, she conducted interviews in a midwestern town with forty-two romance readers whom she met through Dorothy Evans, a chain bookstore employee who has earned a reputation as an expert on romantic fiction. Evans defends her customers' choice of entertainment; reading romances, she tells Radway, is no more harmful than watching sports on television.

"We read books so we won't cry" is the poignant explanation one woman offers for her reading habit. Indeed, Radway found that while the women she studied devote themselves to nurturing their families, these wives and mothers receive insufficient devotion or nurturance in return. In romances the women find not only escape from the demanding and often tiresome routines of their lives but also a hero who supplies the tenderness and admiring attention that they have learned not to expect.

The heroines admired by Radway's group defy the expected stereotypes; they are strong, independent, and intelligent. That such characters often find themselves to be victims of male aggression and almost always resign themselves to accepting conventional roles in life has less to do, Radway argues, with the women readers' fantasies and choices than with their need to deal with a fear of masculine dominance.

These romance readers resent not only the limited choices in their own lives but the patronizing atitude that men especially express toward their reading tastes. In fact, women read romances both to protest and to escape temporarily the narrowly defined role prescribed for them by a patriarchal culture. Paradoxically, the books that they read make conventional roles for women seem desirable. It is this complex relationship between culture, text, and woman reader that Radway urges feminists to address. Romance readers, she argues, should be encouraged to deliver their protests in the arena of actual social relations rather than to act them out in the solitude of the imagination.

In a new introduction, Janice Radway places the book within the context of current scholarship and offers both an explanation and critique of the study's limitations.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807843499
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date: 11/30/1991
Edition description: Revised Edition
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.78(d)

About the Author

Janice A. Radway is Walter Dill Scott Professor of Communication and professor of American studies and gender studies at Northwestern University and author of A Feeling for Books.

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Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular Literature 3.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 2 reviews.
sweetiegherkin on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The introduction and the first chapter (and the last chapter to some degree) are overly academic, coming across as esoteric, and I honestly didn¿t think I would make it through this entire book. Luckily, it picked up by the second chapter and most of the rest of the book was pretty interesting. The excerpts of interviews with the romance readers themselves were the most compelling, but the textual analysis also added a meaningful dimension. The author should have done a better job of explaining her reasons for doing this study and then describing her methodology before launching right into her findings, but perhaps she did in an earlier edition of this book. Also, there were times that the text was quite redundant, so some better editing could definitely have been used. However, it¿s still an intriguing look at why some women choose to read romance novels and how romance fiction lies at the intersection between traditional patriarchy and radical (or maybe even not so radical) feminism.
aulsmith on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is a study of romance stories from the point of view of the people who read them. I believe it was one of the early popular culture studies that revealed that texts can be read differently by different communities and that judging a text outside the context of its readership is often not very revealing.This book profoundly changed the way I look at reading and literature. And while I still don't like romances, I no longer wonder why a lot of people do. If you've wondered why people "waste their time" reading romances, pick up this book. You'll be very surprised.