Reading Revelation in Context brings together short, accessible essays that compare and contrast the visions and apocalyptic imagery of the book of Revelation with various texts from Second Temple Jewish literature.
Going beyond an introduction that merely surveys historical events and theological themes, Reading Revelation in Context examines individual passages in Second Temple Jewish literature in order to illuminate the context of Revelation's theology and the meaning and potency of John's visions. Following the narrative progression of Revelation, each chapter (1) pairs a major unit of the Apocalypse with one or more sections of a thematically related Jewish text, (2) introduces and explores the historical and theological nuances of the comparator text, and (3) shows how the ideas in the comparator text illuminate those expressed in Revelation.
In addition to the focused comparison provided in the essays, the book contains other student-friendly features that will help them engage broader discussions, including an introductory chapter that familiarizes students with the world and texts of Second Temple Judaism, a glossary of important terms, and a brief appendix suggesting what tools students might use to undertake their own comparative studies. At the end of each chapter there a list of other thematically relevant Second Temple Jewish texts recommended for additional study and a focused bibliography pointing students to critical editions and higher-level discussions in scholarly literature.
Reading Revelation in Context brings together an international team of over 20 New Testament experts including Jamie Davies, David A. deSilva, Michael J. Gorman, Dana M. Harris, Ronald Herms, Edith M. Humphrey, Jonathan A. Moo, Elizabeth E. Shively, Cynthia Long Westfall, Archie T. Wright, and more.
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About the Author
Ben C. Blackwell (PhD, University of Durham) is associate professor of early Christianity at Houston Baptist University. He has authored a number of essays and articles related to Historical Theology and the New Testament, including Christosis: Engaging Pauline Soteriology with His Patristic Interpreters. He is currently working on new monograph: Participating in the Righteousness of God: Justification in Pauline Theology. He also served as a co-editor for several volumes: Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination; Reading Romans in Context: Paul and Second Temple Judaism; and Reading Mark in Context: Jesus and Second Temple Judaism.
Jason Maston (PhD, University of Durham) is Lecturer in New Testament at Highland Theological College UHI (UK). He is the author of Divine and Human Agency in Second Temple Judaism and Paul: A Comparative Approach and contributor to and co-editor (with Michael F. Bird) of Earliest Christian History: History, Literature and Theology. Essays from the Tyndale Fellowship in Honor of Martin Hengel.
Table of Contents
Foreword Loren T. Stuckenbruck 11
1 The Parables of Enoch and Revelation 1:1-20: Daniel's Son of Man Benjamin E. Reynolds 37
2 The Epistle of Enoch and Revelation 2:1-3:22: Poverty and Riches in the Present Age Mark D. Mathews 45
3 The Testament of Levi and Revelation 4:1-11: Ascent to the Heavenly Throne David A. DeSilva 52
4 4 Ezra and Revelation 5:1-14: Creaturely Images of the Messiah Dana M. Harris 59
5 2 Maccabees and Revelation 6:1-17: Martyrdom and Resurrection Ian Paul 66
6 Psalms of Solomon and Revelation 7:1-17: The Sealing of the Servants of God Ronald Herms 73
7 The Testament of Adam and Revelation 8:1-13: Heavenly Silence Jason Maston 80
8 The Animal Apocalypse and Revelation 9:1-21: Creaturely Images during the Great Tribulation Ian Boxall 87
9 Jubilees and Revelation 10:1-11: Heavenly Beings Bearing Heavenly Books John K. Goodrich 94
10 4 Ezra and Revelation 11:1-19: A Man from the Sea and the Two Witnesses Garrick V. Allen 102
11 The Life of Adam and Eve and Revelation 12:1-17 The Rebellion of the Satan Figure Archie T. Wright 109
12 4 Ezra and Revelation 13:1-18: Blasphemous Beasts Jamie Davies 116
13 The Damascus Document and Revelation 14:1-20: Angels Marking Out the Two Ways Ben C. Blackwell 123
14 Words of the Luminaries and Revelation 15:1-16:21: Plague Septets and Deliverance from Exile Benjamin Wold 131
15 Joseph and Aseneth and Revelation 17:1-18: Women as Archetypes of Rebellion and Repentance Edith M. Humphrey 138
16 The Epistle of Enoch and Revelation 18:1-24: Economic Critique of Rome Cynthia Long Westfall 146
17 Psalms of Solomon and Revelation 19:1-21: Messianic Conquest of God's Enemies Michael J. Gorman 153
18 The Book of the Watchers and Revelation 20:1-15: Redemptive Judgment on Fallen Angels Elizabeth E. Shively 161
19 4 Ezra and Revelation 21:1-22:5: Paradise City Jonathan A. Moo 168
20 The Apocalypse of Zephaniah and Revelation 22:6-21: Angel Worship and Monotheistic Devotion Sarah Underwood Dixon 175
Passage Index 189
Subject Index 201
Author Index 203