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State University of New York Press
Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development, Second Edition: The Kansas City Experience, 1900-2010

Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development, Second Edition: The Kansas City Experience, 1900-2010

by Kevin Fox Gotham
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Updated second edition examining how the real estate industry and federal housing policy have facilitated the development of racial residential segregation.

Traditional explanations of metropolitan development and urban racial segregation have emphasized the role of consumer demand and market dynamics. In the first edition of Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development Kevin Fox Gotham reexamined the assumptions behind these explanations and offered a provocative new thesis. Using the Kansas City metropolitan area as a case study, Gotham provided both quantitative and qualitative documentation of the role of the real estate industry and the Federal Housing Administration, demonstrating how these institutions have promulgated racial residential segregation and uneven development. Gotham challenged contemporary explanations while providing fresh insights into the racialization of metropolitan space, the interlocking dimensions of class and race in metropolitan development, and the importance of analyzing housing as a system of social stratification. In this second edition, he includes new material that explains the racially unequal impact of the subprime real estate crisis that began in late 2007, and explains why racial disparities in housing and lending remain despite the passage of fair housing laws and antidiscrimination statutes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781438449425
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 02/01/2014
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Kevin Fox Gotham is Professor of Sociology at Tulane University.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations vii

Acknowledgments xi

1 Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development: An Introduction 1

Housing as a System of Social Stratification 5

Race, Racism, and Racialization 11

Metropolitan Kansas City: An Overview 14

Constructing a Segregated Metropolis 21

2 The Racialization of Space: Restrictive Covenants and the Origins of Racial Residential Segregation 27

The Great Migration and the Rise of the Modern Real Estate Industry 34

Racial Restrictive Covenants and the Real Estate Industry 38

The Role of Community Builders 42

The Role of Homeowner Associations 45

The Legacy of Racial Restrictive Covenants 49

3 The Federal Government, Community Builders, and the Development of the Modern Mortgage System 51

The Housing Act of 1934 and the Creation of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) 55

Community Builders and the FHA 60

Racial Conflict and the Defense of Racial Space 68

4 Urban Renewal, Public Housing, and Downtown Redevelopment 75

A Housing Program for Slum Clearance 79

Local Implementation and Dislocating Effects 83

Explaining Postwar Urban Redevelopment 91

5 Building the Troost Wall: School Segregation, Blockbusting, and the Racial Transitions of the Southeast Area 95

Racial Population Change in Southeast Kansas City, 1950-1975 98

School Segregation and Neighborhood Racial Transition 104

Blockbusting and Panic Selling 108

The Role of the Real Estate Board 116

Reflections and Experiences with Blockbusting 119

The Legacy of School Desegregation and Blockbusting 123

6 The Struggle for Fair Housing 127

Fair Housing and the Conflict over "Rights" 130

Housing Act of 1968 and the FHA's Section 235 Program 134

Local Implementation and Segregative Effects 136

Neighborhood Response and Disinvestment 139

Federal Housing Policy Retrenchment in the Post-Civil Rights Era 147

Fair Housing in Retrospect 148

Conclusions 153

Old Customs Die Hard: Racialization of Space and the Global Real Estate Crisis 156

Race, Housing, and the "New Racism" 160

Privatism, Real Estate, and the Future of Uneven Development 165

Notes 171

References 191

Index 217

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