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Taylor & Francis
Psychological Assessment with the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF / Edition 3

Psychological Assessment with the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF / Edition 3

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This third edition apprises users of the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-Restructured Form (RF) for the ever-changing landscape of this dynamic personality/psychopathology instrument and its expanding utility in a variety of contexts. Two new chapters addressing the RC scales and the MMPI-2-RF are included in this updated text. Additionally, over 450 new references have been incorporated into the book, with information gathered and organized for practical clinical and forensic applications. The codetype interpretation chapter has expanded its sections with more in-depth feedback information and treatment considerations for clinicians to help in facilitating the formulation of treatment recommendations and strengthening therapeutic relationships with their clients. A number of special scales with clinical and forensic applications are also covered in this edition. An important section has been added addressing the MMPI and suicide.

This new edition is a must-have resource that will inform and guide users of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF in their daily practices, and assist researchers in conceptualizing the operating characteristics and configural relationships among the various scales and indices that comprise this instrument. From simple single scale interpretation to complex configural relationships, this text addresses a broad bandwidth of interpretive information designed for text users’ at all levels of sophistication.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415526340
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/08/2014
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 730
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author

Alan F. Friedman, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University. He is also a clinical psychologist in Chicago, Illinois.

Kevin Bolinskey, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Indiana State University. He specializes in diagnosis and classification, personality assessment, etiology of psychopathology, and quantitative methods.

Richard Lewak, PhD, is a clinical psychologist in private practice in Del Mar, California. He specializes in personality assessment and feedback, and marital counseling. He is the coauthor of Therapist Guide to the MMPI & MMPI-2, and Therapeutic Feedback with the MMPI-2.

Dave Nichols, PhD, is a respected researcher and the author of numerous publications on the MMPI-2.

Table of Contents

Code-Pattern Look-Up Tablexv
List of Figuresxxi
List of Tablesxxiii
List of Appendix Tablesxxv
Chapter 1Development of the MMPI and MMPI-21
General Description of the MMPI/MMPI-21
Historical Development of the MMPI3
MMPI Restandardization: The MMPI-29
Experimental Form (AX) and the MMPI-2 Booklet10
New Normative Sample12
Uniform T-Scores16
Chapter 2Measures of Profile Validity25
The Traditional Measures and Their Derivatives25
Cannot Say Score (?)26
Variable Response Inconsistency Scale (VRIN)28
True Response Inconsistency Scale (TRIN)32
Infrequency Scale (F)33
F-Back Scale [FB]35
Additional Measures of Response Style39
Self-Unfavorable Scales39
Infrequency-Psychopathology Scale: F(p)39
Dissimulation Scale (Ds)43
Self-Favorable Scales46
Lie Scale (L)47
Correction Scale (K)49
Superlative Self-Presentation Scale (S)53
Positive Malingering Scale (Mp)55
Social Desirability Scale (Sd)56
Socioeconomic Status Scale (Ss)57
Validity Indices59
Dissimulation Index (F - K)60
Chapter 3The Clinical Scales and Their Derivatives70
Clinical Scale Development and Use70
Harris-Lingoes Subscales73
Subtle-Obvious Subscales76
Overlapping Item Content79
Scale 1Hypochondriasis (Hs)80
Scale 2Depression (D)83
Harris-Lingoes Subscales85
D1Subjective Depression86
D2Psychomotor Retardation86
D3Physical Malfunctioning87
D4Mental Dullness88
Scale 2: Subtle-Obvious Subscales89
Scale 3Hysteria (Hy)90
Harris-Lingoes Subscales95
Hy1Denial of Social Anxiety95
Hy2Need for Affection96
Hy4Somatic Complaints98
Hy5Inhibition of Aggression98
Scale 3: Subtle-Obvious Subscales99
Scale 4Psychopathic Deviate (Pd)101
Harris-Lingoes Subscales106
Familial Discord: Pd1106
Authority Problems: Pd2107
Social Imperturbability: Pd3108
Social Alienation: Pd4109
Self-Alienation: Pd5110
Scale 4: Subtle-Obvious Subscales111
Scale 5Masculinity-Femininity (Mf)112
Scale 6Paranoia (Pa)119
Harris-Lingoes Subscales122
Ideas of external Influence (Pa1)123
Poignancy: Pa2124
Moral Virtue: Pa3124
Scale 6: Subtle-Obvious Subscales125
Scale 7Psychasthenia (Pt)127
Scale 8Schizophrenia (Sc)130
Harris-Lingoes Subscales135
Social Alienation: Sc1136
Emotional Alienation: Sc2136
Lack of Ego Mastery, Cognitive: Sc3137
Lack of Ego Mastery, Conative: Sc4138
Lack of Ego Mastery, Defective Inhibition: Sc5139
Sensorimotor Dissociation: Sc6140
Scale 9Hypomania (Ma)141
Harris-Lingoes Subscales146
Amorality: Ma1146
Psychomotor Acceleration: Ma2147
Imperturbability: Ma3148
Ego Inflation: Ma4148
Scale 9: Subtle-Obvious Subscales149
Scale 0Social Introversion (Si)151
Chapter 4Administration and Scoring160
Forms of the MMPI-2160
Abbreviated and Short Forms161
Foreign Translations162
Test Instructions163
Test Conditions167
Participants' Requirements168
Test Scoring and Profile Plotting172
Coding the Profile173
MMPI/MMPI-2 Code Pattern Correspondence176
Chapter 5Interpreting the Validity Scales185
? (Cannot Say) Score186
Variable Response Inconsistency Scale (VRIN)187
True Response Inconsistency Scale (TRIN)189
Infrequency Scale (F)190
F-Back Scale [Fb]193
Self Unfavorable Scales194
Infrequency-Psychopathology Scales: F(P) Scale194
Dissimulation Scale (Ds)195
Self Favorable Scales196
Lie Scale (L)196
Correction Scale (K)197
Superlative Scale (S)203
Positive Malingering Scale (Mp)204
Social Desirability Scale (Sd)204
Socioeconomic Status Scale (Ss)205
Validity Indices205
F - Fb Index205
Dissimulation Index (F - K)206
Issues in Determining Validity207
Basic Validity Scale Configurations209
Random Response Set209
Report Language209
All-True Response Set209
Report Language214
All-False Response Set214
Report Language214
Common Validity Scale Patterns214
Chapter 6Interpreting the MMPI-2 Clinical Scales231
Clinical Scales and Codes232
Scale 1 (Hs)232
Scale 2 (D)253
Scale 3 (Hy)279
Scale 4 (Pd)295
Scale 5 (Mf)316
Scale 6 (Pa)320
Scale 7 (Pt)326
Scale 8 (Sc)329
Scale 9 (Ma)333
Scale 0 (Si)336
Normal Code, High K (K+)337
Chapter 7Interpreting the Content of the MMPI-2: Critical Items, Content Scales, and Subscales338
Critical Items338
Content Scales345
Anxiety Scale (ANX)354
Fears Scale (FRS)355
Obsessiveness Scale (OBS)357
Depression Scale (DEP)358
Health Concerns Scale (HEA)360
Bizarre Mentation Scale (BIZ)361
Anger Scale (ANG)362
Cynicism Scale (CYN)364
Antisocial Practices Scale (ASP)365
Type A Behavior Scale (TPA)366
Low Self-Esteem Scale (LSE)368
Social Discomfort Scale (SOD)370
Family Problems Scale (FAM)371
Work Interference Scale (WRK)373
Negative Treatment Indicators (TRT)374
General Principles for the Interpretation of Content Scales376
The Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5)379
Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism Scale (NEN)381
Psychoticism Scale (PSY)381
Disconstraint Scale (DIS)382
Aggressiveness Scale (AGG)384
Low Positive Emotionality/Extraversion Scale (LPE)386
Effects of Response Styles on the PSY-5 Scales387
Chapter 8Interpreting the Supplementary Scales388
Factor Scales A and R391
Ego Strength Scale (Es)395
Overcontrolled-Hostility Scale (O-H)397
Dominance Scale (Do)399
Social Responsibility Scale (Re)400
College Maladjustment Scale (Mt)
Keane et al.'s Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale (PK); and Schlenger and Kulka's Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale (PS)402
Gender Role-Masculine (GM) and Gender Role-Feminine (GF) Scales404
Substance Abuse Measures: The MacAndrew Alcoholism scale (MAC/MAC-R), The Addiction Potential Scale (APS), and The Addiction Acknowledgment Scale (AAS)406
Marital Distress scale (MDS)412
Chapter 9Interpretation and Report Writing414
Clinical And Actuarial Approaches to Interpretation414
Development of Actuarial Rules415
Actuarial Data and Base Rates417
The Importance of Referral Data419
Demographic Variables421
Socioeconomic Variables425
Interpretive Steps426
Common Code Patterns429
Code-Patterns, Elevation, and Additional Scales438
Organizing the Data442
Writing the Report443
Guidelines for Beginning a Report444
Organization of the Report457
Symptoms, Complaints, and Personality Traits459
Perception of the Environment460
Interpersonal Relationships460
Emotional Control and Response To Stress461
Psychological Resources462
Diagnostic Impressions463
Treatment Implications466
Interpretation of "Complex Profiles"468
Scale 5470
Scale 0470
Energizers and Suppressors470
Strategies for Providing Feedback to the Client471
Guidelines for Giving Feedback473
Evaluating Feedback476
Chapter 10Computerized Interpretation of the MMPI-2477
Computer-Based Test Interpretation (CBTI)477
Computerized Interpretation of the MMPI/MMPI-2480
Caldwell Report482
MMPI-2 Adult Interpretive System by Roger Greene492
MMPI-2 Minnesota Report, Adult Clinical System--Revised, by James N. Butcher503
Marks (and Lewak) Adult Feedback and Treatment Report for MMPI-2 and MMPI522
Appendix AScoring Keys and Norms for MMPI-2 Scales and Critical Items532
Appendix BMMPI-2 Uniform and Linear T-Score Conversions for Validity, Clinical, Supplementary, Content, Content Component, Subscales, and Special Scales577
Appendix CItem Overlap and Intercorrelations Among the Standard MMPI-2 Validity and Clinical Scales in the Caldwell Clinical Data Set633
Appendix DK- and Non-K-Corrected T-Score Values for the MMPI-2 Basic Scales Based on the Original Minnesota Normative Group (N = 225 Men, 315 Women)634
Author Index667
Subject Index675
About the Authors687

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