ISBN-10:
0195115716
ISBN-13:
9780195115710
Pub. Date:
09/01/1998
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Peshat and Derash: Plain and Applied Meaning in Rabbinic Exegesis / Edition 1

Peshat and Derash: Plain and Applied Meaning in Rabbinic Exegesis / Edition 1

by David Weiss Halivni, David Weiss Halivi
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Overview

From the days of Plato, the problem of the efficacy and adequacy of the written word as a vehicle of human communication has challenged mankind, yet the mystery of how best to achieve clarity and exactitude of written expression has never been solved. The most repercussive instance of this universal problem has been the exegesis of the law embodied in Hebrew scripture. Peshat and Derash is the first book to trace the Jewish interpretative enterprise from a historical perspective. Applying his vast knowledge of Rabbinic materials to the long history of Jewish exegesis of both Bible and Talmud, Halivni investigates the tension that has often existed between the plain sense of the divine text (peshat) and its creative, Rabbinic interpretations (derash). Halivni addresses the theological implications of the deviation of derash from peshat and explores the differences between the ideological extreme of the religious right, which denies that Judaism has a history, and the religious left, which claims that history is all that Judaism has. A comprehensive and critical narration of the history and repercussions of Rabbinic exegesis, this analysis will interest students of legal texts, hermeneutics, and scriptural traditions, as well as anyone involved in Jewish studies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195115710
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 09/01/1998
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 1,091,942
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

I ON MATTERS OF EXEGESIS 3(86)
1. Timebound Exegesis
3(20)
Reading In and Allegorizing
3(4)
Interpretive States of Mind
7(6)
Asmakhta: Biblical Support for Rabbinic Law
13(3)
Talmudic Attitudes Toward Reading In
16(4)
Changing Mindsets: A Homeric Analogy
20(3)
2. The Direction of Rabbinic Exegesis
23(29)
Biblical Exegesis: Historical Survey
23(12)
Talmudic Exegesis: Historical Survey
35(9)
Critical Objections to the Traditional Methods
44(2)
The Evolution of Talmudic and Biblical Exegesis: Summary
46(3)
Fluctuation and Continuity
49(1)
Logic and Textual Integrity
50(2)
3. The Meaning and History of the Noun Peshat
52(37)
The Talmudic Period
53(26)
The Medieval Period
79(10)
II ON MATTERS OF THEOLOGY 89(66)
Introduction: A Comment on Methodology 89(12)
4. Contradictory yet Complementary: The Dichotomy between Practice and Intellect
101(25)
Two-Tiered Verity
101(4)
Talmudic Examples
105(3)
Logic versus Consensus
108(3)
Practical Truth and Heavenly Truth in the Talmud
111(8)
Divine Tzimtzum
119(1)
The Limits of Majority Rule
120(6)
5. "Chate'u Yisrael" ("Israel Sinned"): A Proposed Resolution to the Conflict of Peshat and Derash
126(29)
The Nature of the Conflict
126(2)
Mutual Exclusivity of Peshat and Derash
128(4)
Proposed Solution: "Chate'u Yisrael"
132(3)
The Neglect of the Scriptural Text during the First Temple Period
135(1)
"Chate'u Yisrael" in Rabbinic Literature
136(2)
The Ten Puncta Extraordinaria
138(8)
Derash as a Remedy for the Insufficiency of Scribal Emendation
146(2)
Further Elucidation of "Chate'u Yisrael,"
148(1)
Further Elucidation of Ezra's Role
149(4)
A Short Recapitulation
153(2)
Appendix I: "Mikan Samkhu Chakhamim" and "Assmakhta Be-Alma" 155(3)
Appendix II: Midrash and Modern Literary Theories 158(5)
Appendix III: Minority Opinion and the Different Notions of the Revelation of the Oral Law 163(5)
Appendix IV: The Impact of Halakha on Peshat 168(7)
Notes 175(56)
Index of Citations 231(6)
Name Index 237(6)
Subject Index 243

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