Ohio Government and Politics

Ohio Government and Politics

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Overview

Ohio Government and Politics provides a thorough, highly readable overview of the history, processes, and institutions of the state’s government and politics. In a country increasingly divided into blue and red states, Ohio is “purple” – one of the few states that is not dominated by a single political party. Covering the crucial strategies of both the republicans and democrats as they vie for power in Ohio, authors Paul Sracic and William Binning demonstrate the “nationalizing” of Ohio politics. However, contemporary issues specific to Ohio politics are not neglected; coverage of important issues such charter reform in Cuyahoga County and the controversies over the regulation of "fracking" is included.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483324807
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 03/13/2015
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 192
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Paul Sracic holds a Ph.D in Political Science from Rutgers University, and currently chairs the Department of Politics and International Relations at Youngstown State University. He is the author of San Antonio v. Rodriguez and the Pursuit of Equal Education (Kansas, 2006) and co-author of the Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections (Greenwood, 1998). Dr. Sracic’s articles on American and Ohio politics have appeared in the Washington Post, USA Today, and The Diplomat and on Bloomberg View, CNN.com, and The Atlantic.com. Dr. Sracic is a former Fulbright Scholar in Japan, where he taught American Politics at the University of Tokyo and Sophia University.
William Binning, Ph.D., has long been active in Ohio politics and government. Currently Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Youngstown State University in Ohio, he has held both state and local positions in government and in a political party. In addition to co-authoring the Encyclopedia of American Parties, Politics and Elections (Greenwood), he has written numerous articles on state and local parties and elections in Ohio. Most of these appear in The State of the Parties (Rowman and Littlefield), a biennial series edited principally by John Green. He has also written on U.S. Senate and House Elections in Pennsylvania and Ohio in The Roads to Congress (Lexington Books), a biennial series edited by Robert Watson, and published on minor parties with John Green in two editions of Multiparty Politics in America (Rowman and Littlefield), edited by Paul Herrnson and John Green. He was the sole author of a chapter on Third Parties in The 2008 Presidential Election (Palgrave McMillan) edited by Erik Jones and Salvatore Vassallo. He occasionally writes on Ohio politics for the Ripon Forum

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Politics of a Purple State
“Operation Clark County”
Purple State Politics
Conclusion
Chapter 2: A Brief History of Ohio
Ohio’s Path to Statehood
The Ohio Constitution
Conclusion
Chapter 3: The Ohio Legislature
Origins of the Ohio Legislature
Apportionment
Candidates and Political Parties
Demographics
Legislative Term
Legislative Vacancies
Powers and Structures
Legislative Leadership and Politics
Legislative Staff
Committees
How a Bill Becomes a Law in Ohio
Legislative Oversight
Current Issues
Conclusion
Chapter 4: The Ohio Executive Branch
The Path to the Ohio Governor’s Office
Ohio Governor’s Office
The Roles of the Ohio Governor
Ohio Executive Officers
The Governor’s Cabinet
Selected Cabinet Departments
Selected Boards and Commissions
Professional Licensing and Examination Boards
Influence of Professional Associations
Sunset Committee
Conclusion
Chapter 5: Courts in Ohio
Introduction
Magistrates
Mayor’s Courts
Municipal and County Courts
Courts of Common Pleas
Courts of Appeals
The Ohio Supreme Court
Court of Claims
Judicial Selection in Ohio
Conclusion
Chapter 6: Local Government in Ohio
County Government
Ohio Townships
Ohio Municipal Government
The Process of Incorporation
Organizing the Municipality
The Path to Local Government Reform
Ohio’s Major Cities
Home Rule
Special Districts
Public Records and Open Meetings
Financing of Local Governments
State Fiscal Oversight of Local Governments
Conclusion
Chapter 7: Financing the State Government of Ohio
The Ohio Budget
Property Tax
The Budget Process in Ohio
The Mid-Biennium Review (MBR)
Expenditures: Where State Funds Go in Ohio
Executive Budget Cutting
The Capital Budget
The Transportation Budget
Budget Execution
The Controlling Board
Conclusion
Chapter 8: Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections in Ohio
Major and Minor Parties in Ohio
Party Organizations
Party Politics
State Parties and Elections
Campaign Finance in Ohio
Interest Groups
Elections
Conclusion
Chapter 9: Direct Democracy in Ohio
The Initiative
The Referendum
Right to Work
Same-Sex Marriage
Gambling
Redistricting
Term Limits
Voting Reforms
Defining and Controlling Illegal and Legal Substances
Conclusion

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