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SAGE Publications
Ohio Government and Politics / Edition 1

Ohio Government and Politics / Edition 1

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Ohio Government and Politics provides a thorough, highly readable overview of the history, processes, and institutions of the state’s government and politics. In a country increasingly divided into blue and red states, Ohio is “purple” – one of the few states that is not dominated by a single political party. Covering the crucial strategies of both the republicans and democrats as they vie for power in Ohio, authors Paul Sracic and William Binning demonstrate the “nationalizing” of Ohio politics. However, contemporary issues specific to Ohio politics are not neglected; coverage of important issues such charter reform in Cuyahoga County and the controversies over the regulation of "fracking" is included.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781452290508
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 04/15/2015
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 192
Sales rank: 733,300
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Paul Sracic holds a Ph.D in Political Science from Rutgers University, and currently chairs the Department of Politics and International Relations at Youngstown State University. He is the author of San Antonio v. Rodriguez and the Pursuit of Equal Education (Kansas, 2006) and co-author of the Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections (Greenwood, 1998). Dr. Sracic’s articles on American and Ohio politics have appeared in the Washington Post, USA Today, and The Diplomat and on Bloomberg View,, and The Dr. Sracic is a former Fulbright Scholar in Japan, where he taught American Politics at the University of Tokyo and Sophia University.

William Binning, Ph.D., has long been active in Ohio politics and government. Currently Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Youngstown State University in Ohio, he has held both state and local positions in government and in a political party. In addition to co-authoring the Encyclopedia of American Parties, Politics and Elections (Greenwood), he has written numerous articles on state and local parties and elections in Ohio. Most of these appear in The State of the Parties (Rowman and Littlefield), a biennial series edited principally by John Green. He has also written on U.S. Senate and House Elections in Pennsylvania and Ohio in The Roads to Congress (Lexington Books), a biennial series edited by Robert Watson, and published on minor parties with John Green in two editions of Multiparty Politics in America (Rowman and Littlefield), edited by Paul Herrnson and John Green. He was the sole author of a chapter on Third Parties in The 2008 Presidential Election (Palgrave Mc Millan) edited by Erik Jones and Salvatore Vassallo. He occasionally writes on Ohio politics for the Ripon Forum.

Table of Contents

About the Authors v

Preface xiii

1 The Politics of a Purple State 1

"Operation Clark County" 1

Purple State Politics 6

The Rural-Urban Divide 6

The Five Ohios 8

Conclusion 8

2 A Brief History of Ohio 12

Ohio's Path to Statehood 12

Northwest Ordinance 12

From a Territory to a State 14

The Ohio Constitution 17

The 1802 Constitution 17

The 1851 Constitution 18

The 1912 Convention 20

Post-1912 Constitutional Changes 21

Conclusion 21

3 The Ohio Legislature 23

Origins of the Ohio Legislature 23

Apportionment 24

Candidates and Political Parties 28

Demographics 30

Legislative Term 31

Legislative Vacancies 31

Powers and Structures 32

Legislative Powers 32

Legislative Leadership and Politics 34

Legislative Staff 36

Committees 36

Standing Committees 37

Conference Committees 38

Interim Committees 40

How a Bill Becomes a Law in Ohio 40

Resolutions and Bills 40

Proposing a Bill 41

Consideration 42

Floor Action 43

The Governor 44

Legislative Oversight 45

Current Issues 45

Term Limits 45

Ethics 47

Conclusion 48

4 The Ohio Executive Branch 50

The Path to the Ohio Governor's Office 50

Ohio Governor's Office 51

The Roles of the Ohio Governor 51

Head of State 52

Legislative Leader 52

Chief Budget Official 53

Chief of Security and Safety 54

Grantor of Clemency 54

Party Leader 54

Crisis Manager 55

Intergovernmental Manager 56

Ohio Executive Officers 56

Attorney General 57

Secretary of State 58

Auditor 59

Treasurer 60

The Governors Cabinet 61

Selected Cabinet Departments 65

Economic Development 65

Office of Budget and Management 67

Medicaid 68

Transportation 69

Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction 70

Selected Boards and Commissions 70

Public Utilities Commission 70

Ethics Commission 71

State Board of Education 72

Board of Regents 72

State University Boards 73

Casino Control Commission 73

Professional Licensing and Examination Boards 74

Board of Bar Examiners 75

Board of Embalmers and Funeral Directors 75

Dental Board 75

Influence of Professional Associations 75

Sunset Review Committee 76

Conclusion 77

5 Courts in Ohio 80

Introduction 80

Magistrates 80

Mayor's Courts 82

Municipal and County Courts 82

Court of Common Pleas 82

Court of Appeals 83

The Ohio Supreme Court 85

Court of Claims 86

Judicial Selection in Ohio 86

Problems and Proposals 89

Conclusion 90

6 Local Government in Ohio 93

County Government 93

Ohio Townships 94

Ohio Municipal Government 95

The Process of Incorporation 96

Village 96

City 96

Organizing the Municipality 96

Statutory Form 96

Charter Form 97

The Path to Local Government Reform 99

Ohio's Major Cities 102

Home Rule 103

Special Districts 104

Public Records and Open Meetings 104

Financing of Local Governments 105

State Fiscal Oversight of Local Governments 106

Conclusion 108

7 Financing the State Government of Ohio 110

The Ohio Budget 110

Ohio's Revenue Sources 110

Ohio Saks and Use Tax 111

Ohio State Income Tax 112

Severance Taxes 113

State Non-Tax Receipts 113

Federal Grants 113

Property Tax 114

The Budget Process in Ohio 115

Conference Committee 117

The Mid-Biennium Budget Review (MBR) 118

Expenditures: Where State Funds Go in Ohio 118

Executive Budget Cutting 120

The Capital Budget 120

The Transportation Budget 121

Budget Execution 122

The Controlling Board 123

Conclusion 125

8 Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections in Ohio 127

Major and Minor Parties in Ohio 127

Party Organizations 129

Party Politics 131

The Ohio Republican Party 131

The Ohio Democratic Party 133

State Parties and Elections 134

Campaign Finance in Ohio 135

Public Party Funds 138

Interest Groups 139

Regulation of Interest Groups 142

Elections 143

The Primary 146

General Election 147

Special Elections 147

Conclusion 148

9 Direct Democracy in Ohio 150

The Initiative 150

Constitutional Amendments 151

State Laws 151

The Referendum 152

Right to Work 153

Same-Sex Marriage 155

Gambling 156

Redisricting 157

Term Limits 158

Voting Reforms 158

Defining and Controlling Illegal and Legal Substances 159

Conclusion 160

Index 161

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