With great immediacy, the diaries of Willy Cohn, a Jew and a Social Democrat, show how the process of marginalization under the Nazis unfolded within the vibrant Jewish community of Breslauuntil that community was destroyed in 1941. Cohn documents how difficult it was to understand precisely what was happening, even as people were harassed, beaten, and taken off to concentration camps. He chronicles the efforts of the community to maintain some semblance of normal life at the same time as many made plans to emigrate or to get their children out.
Cohn and his wife Gertrud were able to get their three oldest children out of Germany before it was too late. However, burying himself in his work chronicling the history of the Jews in Germany, his diaries, and his memoirs, Cohn missed his own chance to escape. In late 1941, he, Gertrud, and their two young daughters were deported to Lithuania, where they were shot.
Willy Cohn was a complex individual: an Orthodox Jew and a socialist; an ardent Zionist and a staunch German patriot; a realist but also an idealist often unable to cope with reality; a democrat and an admirer of certain Nazi policies and of their resoluteness. These contradictions and the wealth of detail that poured from his pen give us a unique view of those disorienting and frightening times in Germany.
About the Author
Willy Cohn (1888–1941) was the most important writer of his generation to study and record the lives of the Jewish population of Breslau. A historian and educator, he knew the town and its Jewish community like no other.
Norbert Conrads is Professor Emeritus and former Chair of Early Modern History at the University of Stuttgart. He is author of numerous books on early modern Germany and Silesia. He has been awarded several prizes, including the doctorate honoris causa by the Polish University of Wrocław in 2011.
Table of Contents
Translator's Note ix
The Seizure of Power and the Abolition of Rights 1
Looking for Work and Intellectual Diversion 15
The Jewish Museum 26
The Röhm Putsch 34
Ernst on His Way to Palestine 48
Berlin or Palestine? 61
Youth Work 71
In Bad Kudowa 75
The Directorship at the Jewish Gymnasium 82
Lectures and Publications 98
Teaching Appointment at the Jewish Theological Seminary 117
Exploratory Trip to Palestine 122
Daily Life 153
The Annexation of Austria 175
The "Big Geserah" of November 9, 1938 178
Efforts to Get the Children Out 196
Hopes for Palestine 227
Commission from Get-mania Judaica 249
Ruth's Departure 257
Coercion and Seduction by the Gestapo 262
The Outbreak of the World War 270
The First Deportations 300
Writing His Memoirs 329
The Geserah of the Baden Jews 332
Insecurity and Harassment 344
The Russian Campaign and the War against the Jews 359
Final Paths 393
Afterword by the Editor 399
A Family Overview 407