J. R. R. Tolkien was far more than a fantasy book writer. His lifelong fascination with medieval texts and languages gave him a unique vision and endless inspiration for his tales. His broad interests made possible his creation of faery worlds and entire races of beings, as well as the languages, cultures, and characters that make his books as engaging today as they were fifty years ago. This clear and thoroughly researched biography of the creator of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings recalls the mystery of Tolkien’s imaginary worlds.
|Publisher:||Houghton Mifflin Harcourt|
|Product dimensions:||5.78(w) x 8.32(h) x 0.67(d)|
|Age Range:||10 - 12 Years|
About the Author
Anne E. Neimark is a renowned author whose reader-friendly approach to writing biographies has allowed many young people to learn about the lives of famous and important people. She is the author of DiegoRivera,Artist of the People and Che!. She lives near Chicago.
Read an Excerpt
The tall grass of the desert farm in Bloemfontein, Africa, almost hid him from view. His nurse screamed his name, her voice chasing him, but he kept running from her—a pale three-year-old child in a white blouse and shorts.
He loved the prickle of wild grass against his face and the bright clusters of flowers. Stopping to bend down, he yanked off his shoes and socks. “Ronald!” his nurse shouted, but she was still far behind him, her dark face wet from the sun.
He ran with bare feet pummeling the dry earth, stalks of grass bending and cracking near their roots. Now he could see the camelthorn tree on the hill! Once, his father had taken him to this nearby farm, lifting him onto a limb of the tree. He’d wrapped his legs around the warm, scratchy bark. “We don’t have many trees in South Africa’s desert,” his father had said. “That’s why I like planting them at home.”
A fiery pain stabbed through Ronald’s foot. Gasping, he toppled sideways onto the ground, his small arms flailing against his shorts. “No!” he blurted out, his eyes filling with tears. Something was darting away over the dirt—a black, furry thing with crooked legs, fearless as the snakes with tongues that slid across his parents’ garden.
Before long, his nurse was upon him, dropping to her knees. Scooping him into her lap, she saw the huge spider waiting slyly atop a bush. “Tarantula!” she shrieked, babbling in both English and Afrikaans. “John Ronald Reuel Tolkien! You shouldn’t have run off.”
The nurse put Ronald on his back under the scorching sun. She lifted his leg upward, grabbed his wounded foot and pulled toward the bright red of her mouth. Moaning and cooing, she sucked the spider venom from the swelling beneath his toes. Wincing, Ronald tilted his head so that he could glimpse the base of the camelthorn tree. “Take me to the tree,” he said. “I can climb it!”
“I’m taking you home, Master Tolkien! You can rest on the balcony upstairs and look at the trees your father planted.”
Carrying him like a large sack of corn, his socks and shoes bulging from her pockets, the woman awkwardly loped away from the farmland and hurried down a road near her native kraal, or village. Ronald’s foot stung even more as it touched the starched pleats of her apron; cringing, he imagined spiders crawling out of her hair. At Bloemfontein’s market square, not far from his home, he saw houseboys on their daily errands. “May I have an apple?” he asked, his voice trembling, but his nurse bypassed the stalls and ran over the steps of the Raadzaal, Bloemfontein’s most important government building.
“Mrs. Tolkien! Mrs. Tolkien!” the nurse called in singsong cadence when, a few moments later, she dashed with Ronald into the Tolkien house. “A tarantula bit your son!”
Mabel Tolkien hurried from the kitchen, her long skirt hoisted above her ankles, her face drawn from the day’s excruciating heat. Seeing the crimson welt on the bottom of Ronald’s foot, she took him from the nurse’s shoulders. “Africa’s playground,” she whispered sadly to herself, then asked Isaak, the houseboy, for calamine lotion and bandages from the cupboard.
Ronald’s foot was swabbed with pink lotion and covered with gauze. “It was a spider as big as a dragon!” he told his mother. He asked to sit on the balcony with his favorite book of fairy tales, the one with pictures of fire-breathing dragons and goblins, but his mother only reluctantly agreed. Always, she fretted over his health, finding him too thin and frail for the relentless sun.
From a balcony chair, Ronald opened the book he could not yet read, caught up by an etching of an armored knight on horseback whose sword menaced a two-headed dragon. Below, in the Tolkien garden, trees planted by Ronald’s father—cypresses, firs, and cedars—rustled as if the brave knight had just ridden past them. Ronald stood up, putting his weight squarely on both feet, defiant against the soreness under the gauze. Perhaps, he thought, he was crushing spiders with his feet and might, himself, be a brave knight. He decided he would ask Isaak, the houseboy—not his nurse, who always said “No,” or his mother, who often looked sad—to take him back to the desert farm in the morning so that, even with his bandaged tarantula bite, he might finally climb the camelthorn tree.
Ronald had been, from the start, an observant child, quick to mark details around him—the shop signs along Maitland Street; the gray blue of the Indian Ocean, where he once was bathed; the wilting boughs of the eucalyptus tree at his first Christmas. Brought to his father’s bank office, he would find pencils and paper and make simple drawings of what he’d seen. He drew the locusts that had descended on the dry grassland and destroyed the harvests. He drew the ox wagons that carried bales of wool into the market square, and the white two-story house where he lived with his parents, Arthur and Mabel Tolkien, and his one-year-old brother, Hilary.
Born and raised in England, his parents had moved to Africa to begin their marriage. At Lloyds Bank in Birmingham, England, his father’s salary had been too small to support a family; he’d gone to Bloemfontein when offered a better job by the Bank of Africa. His mother—homesick before she’d even left England’s shores—had followed in April 1891, her steamer trunk full of Birmingham mementos.
On an April day, four years later, weeks after Ronald was bitten by the tarantula, he climbed onto the family steamer trunk in the parlor, touching its dented corners and polished lid. His mother had been packing the trunk with clothes; she’d told him that he and Hilary would be traveling with her to visit relatives in faraway England. “You’ll be much cooler while we’re away,” his mother said, “and you’ll grow fatter. How long I’ve waited for this trip! If only your father could come with us.”
Talk in the household was that Arthur Tolkien was too busy at the bank to be given “home leave.” Traders and miners were making new investments from South Africa’s gold and diamond strikes and from the railroad that connected the cities of Cape Town and Johannesburg. Ronald’s father had been promoted to branch manager at the bank, yet he would earn only half-pay if he took leave.
Ronald was soon discovered on top of the trunk. His father, dressed in one of the white suits he wore to work, carried a small jar of paint and a tapered brush into the parlor. “Sit on the rug,” his father said gently. “You can watch me label the trunk so it won’t be lost on your journey.”
Opening the jar, Arthur Tolkien smiled at his son and dipped the brush into the black paint. Carefully, he stooped down and began painting letters across the trunk lid. Ronald stared at the line of shapes he longed to know how to read; they seemed to him as magical as the fairy-tale pictures in his book. His parents could read words, as could the clerks at his father’s office. Words and trees—and knights and dragons—were what Ronald wanted. “I’ve written my name,” his father said, straightening up with a pride Ronald would always remember. “A. R. Tolkien. Arthur Reuel Tolkien. You also carry the name Reuel.”
Six days later, dressed in their finest outfits and having traveled by carriage and railroad car, Ronald, his mother, and Hilary boarded the ship SS Guelph at Cape Town’s harbor. The ocean voyage would require three weeks; Jane Suffield, Mabel Tolkien’s younger sister, would meet them at the wharf in the city of Southampton, England.
On shipboard, startled by the vastness around him, Ronald watched the blue waves of the Atlantic Ocean. In the distance, the lighter blue of the sky seemed to curve downward on all sides toward the water—like the bell jar he’d seen with Isaak in a Bloemfontein shopwindow. He tried to imagine his bedroom curtains at home and the wicker chair in the garden. He tried, squinting his eyes, to see the trees his father had planted—trees that had been his friends. Why were his room and the garden so far away? If he couldn’t see them, were they still real? If he could only imagine the place called England, was it a fairy tale from his book?
Feeling the deck swaying and rocking beneath him, Ronald closed his fingers around the lower ship rail. His mother stood beside him, holding Hilary, the puffed sleeves of her blouse billowing in the wind. Ronald tried as hard as he could to think of his father—to make him appear at the rail. He could almost see the white suit and mustache, even while they slipped away in the wind. Mostly, though, he could see the shiny black letters his father had painted across the trunk lid: A. R. Tolkien. The name took shape like one of the signs on Maitland Street, soothing an ache inside Ronald’s chest.
He leaned sideways then into the deep folds of his mother’s skirt. His father had said that if the bank work grew quieter, he might join the family in England. Or, if not, he would await their return. Ronald didn’t understand why missing his father suddenly frightened him—like a goblin’s great fangs coming closer. He would send his father a pencil drawing from England that could be tacked onto the bank office wall, and he would ask his father to write back a letter. Then everything would be fine.
But as the wind skittered and howled over the deck and the ship moved on its course away from South Africa, Ronald clung to his memory of the magic letters: A. R. Tolkien. The letters, somehow, had become his father, for it seemed to Ronald—in a dark premonition far beyond his years—that he would never see his father again.
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
This is an amazing book
An incedible story told in an incredible narrative. Very interesting and entertaining. I read from the begining at age three up till the birth of his first child with rapt attention.
Very interesting and informative book. I bought it for both my husband and my father and ended up reading it myself. It gives you an intimate look at this genius of a storyteller and his rich life. Highly recommend.