ISBN-10:
0134032837
ISBN-13:
9780134032832
Pub. Date:
12/14/2015
Publisher:
Que
Motors for Makers: A Guide to Steppers, Servos, and Other Electrical Machines / Edition 1

Motors for Makers: A Guide to Steppers, Servos, and Other Electrical Machines / Edition 1

by Matthew Scarpino
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Overview

The First Maker-Friendly Guide to Electric Motors!

Makers can do amazing things with motors. Yes, they’re more complicated than some other circuit elements, but with this book, you can completely master them. Once you do, incredible new projects become possible.

Unlike other books, Motors for Makers is 100% focused on what you can do. Not theory. Making.

First, Matthew Scarpino explains how electric motors work and what you need to know about each major type: stepper, servo, induction, and linear motors. Next, he presents detailed instructions and working code for interfacing with and controlling servomotors with Arduino Mega, Raspberry Pi, and BeagleBone Black. All source code and design files are available for you to download from motorsformakers.com.

From start to finish, you’ll learn through practical examples, crystal-clear explanations, and photos. If you’ve ever dreamed of what you could do with electric motors, stop dreaming...and start making!
  • Understand why electric motors are so versatile and how they work
  • Choose the right motor for any project
  • Build the circuits needed to control each type of motor
  • Program motor control with Arduino Mega, Raspberry Pi, or BeagleBone Black
  • Use gearmotors to get the right amount of torque
  • Use linear motors to improve speed and precision
  • Design a fully functional electronic speed control (ESC) circuit
  • Design your own quadcopter
  • Discover how electric motors work in modern electric vehicles--with a fascinating inside look at Tesla’s patents for motor design and control!

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780134032832
Publisher: Que
Publication date: 12/14/2015
Pages: 320
Sales rank: 354,338
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Matthew Scarpino is an engineer with more than 12 years of experience designing hardware and software. He has a master’s degree in electrical engineering and is an Advanced Certified Interconnect Designer (CID+). He is the author of Designing Circuit Boards with EAGLE: Make High-Quality PCBS at Low Cost.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Who This Book Is For 2
How This Book Is Organized 2
Let Me Know What You Think 3
Part I: Introduction
Chapter 1: Introduction to Electric Motors 5

1.1 Brief History 6
1.2 Anatomy of a Motor 7
1.3 Overview of Electric Motors 9
1.4 Goals and Structure 11
1.5 Summary 11
Chapter 2: Preliminary Concepts 13
2.1 Torque and Angular Speed 13
2.2 Magnets 18
2.3 Equivalent Circuit Element 21
2.4 Power and Efficiency 23
2.5 Summary 25
Part II: Exploring Electric Motors
Chapter 3: DC Motors 27

3.1 DC Motor Fundamentals 28
3.2 Brushed Motors 34
3.3 Brushless Motors 42
3.4 Electronic Speed Control (ESC) Systems 49
3.5 Batteries 51
3.6 Summary 53
Chapter 4: Stepper Motors 55
4.1 Permanent Magnet (PM) Steppers 56
4.2 Variable Reluctance (VR) Steppers 59
4.3 Hybrid (HY) Steppers 61
4.4 Stepper Control 63
4.5 Summary 71
Chapter 5: Servomotors 73
5.1 Hobbyist Servos 74
5.2 Overview of Servo Control 78
5.3 PID Control 85
5.4 Summary 87
Chapter 6: AC Motors 89
6.1 Alternating Current (AC) 90
6.2 Overview of Polyphase Motors 91
6.3 Asynchronous Polyphase Motors 96
6.4 Synchronous Polyphase Motors 100
6.5 Single-Phase Motors 103
6.6 AC Motor Control 106
6.7 Universal Motors 109
6.8 Summary 110
Chapter 7: Gears and Gearmotors 113
7.1 Overview of Gears 113
7.2 Types of Gears 117
7.3 Gearmotors 124
7.4 Summary 125
Chapter 8: Linear Motors 127
8.1 Linear Actuators 128
8.2 Linear Synchronous Motors 131
8.3 Linear Induction Motors 137
8.4 Homopolar Motors 140
8.5 Summary 143
Part III: Electrical Motors in Practice
Chapter 9: Motor Control with the Arduino Mega 145

9.1 The Arduino Mega 146
9.2 Programming the Arduino Mega 149
9.3 The Arduino Motor Shield 158
9.4 Stepper Motor Control 162
9.5 Servomotor Control 166
9.6 Summary 168
Chapter 10: Motor Control with the Raspberry Pi 171
10.1 The Raspberry Pi 172
10.2 Programming the Raspberry Pi 174
10.3 Controlling a Servomotor 182
10.4 The RaspiRobot Board 186
10.5 Summary 192
Chapter 11: Controlling Motors with the BeagleBone Black 195
11.1 The BeagleBone Black (BBB) 196
11.2 Programming the BBB 198
11.3 PWM Generation 205
11.4 The Dual Motor Controller Cape (DMCC) 207
11.5 Summary 213
Chapter 12: Designing an Arduino-Based Electronic Speed Control (ESC) 215
12.1 Overview of the ESC Design 216
12.2 Switching Circuitry 218
12.3 Zero-Crossing Detection 225
12.4 Designing the Schematic 229
12.5 Board Layout 232
12.6 Controlling the BLDC 234
12.7 Summary 239
Chapter 13: Designing a Quadcopter 241
13.1 Frame 242
13.2 Propellers 243
13.3 Motors 248
13.4 Electronics 250
13.5 Construction 259
13.6 Summary 260
Chapter 14: Electric Vehicles 263
14.1 Electric Vehicle Conversion 264
14.2 Modern Electric Vehicles 267
14.3 Patents from Tesla Motors 272
14.4 Summary 278
Part IV: Appendixes
Appendix A: Electric Generators 279

A.1 Overview 280
A.2 DC Generators 281
A.3 AC Generators 283
A.4 Summary 286
Appendix B: Glossary 287
Index 293

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