Paul Harvey uses four characters that are important symbols of religious expression in the American South to survey major themes of religion, race, and southern history.
The figure of Moses helps us better understand how whites saw themselves as a chosen people in situations of suffering and war and how Africans and African Americans reworked certain stories in the Bible to suit their own purposes. By applying the figure of Jesus to the central concerns of life, Harvey argues, southern evangelicals were instrumental in turning him into an American figure. The ghostly presence of the Trickster, hovering at the edges of the sacred world, sheds light on the Euro-American and African American folk religions that existed alongside Christianity. Finally, Harvey explores twentieth-century renderings of the biblical story of Absalom in William Faulkner’s Absalom, Absalom and in works from Toni Morrison and Edward P. Jones.
Harvey uses not only biblical and religious sources but also draws on literature, mythology, and art. He ponders the troubling meaning of “religious freedom” for slaves and later for blacks in the segregated South. Through his cast of four central characters, Harvey reveals diverse facets of the southern religious experience, including conceptions of ambiguity, darkness, evil, and death.
About the Author
PAUL HARVEY is a professor of history at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs. He is author or editor of numerous books, including Freedom’s Coming: Religious Culture and the Shaping of the South from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Era and Moses, Jesus, and the Trickster in the Evangelical South (Georgia).
Table of Contents
A Note on Illustrations and Endnotes xi
What Is the Soul of Man? 1
Moses, Jesus, Absalom, and the Trickster: Narratives of the Evangelical South 6
“'Because I Was a Master’”: Religion, Race, and Southern Ideas of Freedom 54
Suffering Saint: Jesus in the South 96
What People are Saying About This
“Harvey picks grand narratives of American religious history, including its emphasis on freedom, its focus on evangelicalism, and its obsessions with Jesus, runs them through the mill of southern history, literature, and folklore, and produces so many new intellectual morsels that it will take scholars a decade to digest them all. Bravo to such a brave and delicious book.”—Edward J. Blum, author of Reforging the White Republic: Race, Religion, and American Nationalism, 1865–1898
“Harvey starts with one of the basic questions in the religious history of the South—how could the same set of religious ideas support such powerful forces for both liberation and conservatism? Instead of simply discussing tension or contradiction, Harvey analyzes the ways different southerners understood and used the four central figures of Absalom, Moses, and especially Jesus and the Trickster.” —Ted Ownby, director of the Center for the Study of Southern Culture at the University of Mississippi
“[Harvey’s book] reads. . .like a series of philosophical musings on the subject of southern religion. The text moves effortlessly among sources as diverse as antebellum proslavery literature, gospel music, primitivist art, and the writings of William Faulkner. . . .Moses, Jesus, and the Trickster is interesting throughout and well worth the read, especially for those interested in the multiplicity of ways white and black southerners envisioned their evangelical faith.”—Jeffrey E. Anderson, North Carolina Historical Review