Mining has played a key role in the growth of many towns in South Africa. This growth has been accompanied by a proliferation of informal settlements, by pressure to provide basic services and by institutional pressures in local government to support mining. Fragile municipal finance, changing social attributes, the pressures of shift-work on mineworkers, the impact on the physical environment and perceived new inequalities between mineworkers, contract workers and original inhabitants have further complicated matters. Mining growth has however also led to substantial local economic benefits to existing business and it has contributed to a mushrooming of new enterprises.
While the relationship between mining and economic development at the country level has received adequate attention in existing literature, less is known about the consequences of mining at the local level. This book investigates the local impacts of mining in South Africa, focusing on employment, inequality, housing, business development, worker well-being, governance, municipal finance, planning and the environment.
Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Mining and Community in South Africa will be of interest to scholars of South Africa, economic development, labour and industry, politics and planning.
About the Author
Lochner Marais is Professor in Development Studies at the Centre for Development Support, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
Philippe Burger is Professor and Head of the Department of Economics at the University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
Deidre van Rooyen is currently the Programme Director for Development Studies and a researcher in the Centre for Development Support at the University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
Table of Contents
1. The background to the Postmasburg study, Lochner Marais, Deidrè Van Rooyen, Philippe Burger, Molefi Lenka, Jan Cloete, Stuart Denoon-Stevens, Kgosi Mocwagae, Mischa Jacobs and Johnica Riet
2. The literature on mining communities and mining growth and decline, Lochner Marais and John Ntema
3. Migration and mine labour in South Africa, Rory Pilossof and Philippe Burger
Part II: Governance, planning, the environment and power
4. The Tsassamba Committee, Erenst Drewes and Malène Campbell
5. Spatial planning for Postmasburg, Stuart Denoon-Stevens, Verna Nel and Thulisile Mpambukile
6. Government, mining and community relations, Lyndon Du Plessis and Diane Abrahams
7. Mining and municipal finance, Chris Hendriks And Lochner Marais
8. Environmental legislation, mining and ecosystems, Falko T. Buschke, Joost Sommen, Maitland T. Seaman and Richard D. Williamson
Part III: To own or to rent?
9. Mineworker housing, Jan Cloete and Stuart Denoon-Stevens
10. The Khumani approach to homeownership in Postmasburg, Thomas Stewart and Erenst Drewes
IV: Working and doing business
11. Work, wages and welfare in Postmasburg, Philippe Burger and J.P. Geldenhuys
12. Psychological well-being on the mine, Tina Kotzè And Pertrus Nel
13. Businesses in Postmasburg: Tshipe e lokile (‘iron is good’) – but what about business? Deidre Van Rooyen and Johan Van Zyl
Part V: Conclusion
14. The way forward for Postmasburg, Lochner Marais, Fiona Haslam Mckenzie, Etienne Nel, Deidrè Van Rooyen and Philippe Burger