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Little Penguin Handbook,The: MLA Update / Edition 2

Little Penguin Handbook,The: MLA Update / Edition 2

by Lester Faigley
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The Penguin handbooks have helped over ½ million students improve their writing, solve grammar problems and successfully complete their research projects. Here’s what students are saying.

With its easy-to-use format, clear explanations, helpful examples, and engaging visuals, The Penguin Handbook is sure to help you get better grades, too.

“The Penguin Handbook is a great resource; it is the difference between and F or an A. I went from failing grades in the course to A’s.”

— Heath Gattis, Texas State University

“Overall the book was extremely helpful. It is the only book that I have not sold or returned and I have continued to use it in all of my classes that require writing.”

—Camie Wood, Lower Columbia College

“I recommend buying this book, even if you are not required. The book will help you when writing any paper. It was helpful in my composition class and my other classes.” — Brianna Flanagan, Del Mar College

“This handbook has everything that you could ever want to know in it. I would recommend it to other students because it is a lifesaver. The MLA, grammar, and punctuation sections were especially useful.” — Kim Basara, Iowa State University

“The Penguin Handbook is very helpful–straightforward and to-the-point. It’s really easy to find the information you need.” — Nora Soto, Caldwell Community College

“I noticed a drastic improvement in my writing through using The Penguin Handbook; I’m a better writer than I was.” — Frank Antwi, Grand View College

“I enjoyed the layout of the book. It is highly informative and I believe every college student should have one available.”

Amanda Schorel, University of South Florida

“It is very colorful and not bland like other handbooks. The examples were thorough and helped me a lot when seeing which way I should cite my sources. I know it will be of great use to me in the future.”

Natalie Martell, University of Texas at El Paso

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205743391
Publisher: Longman
Publication date: 06/09/2009
Series: English MLA Updated Books Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 6.80(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 Composing

1. Think as a Writer

a. Think about the process of communication

b. Think about your audience

c. Think about your credibility

2. Read and View with a Critical Eye

a. Become a critical reader

b. Become a critical viewer

3. Plan Your Writing

a. Establish goals and find a topic

b. Write a working thesis

4. Write a Draft

a. Determine your organization

b. Compose a draft

5. Compose Paragraphs

a. Focus your paragraphs

b. Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs

6. Revise, Edit, and Proofread

a. Evaluate your draft

b. Learn strategies for rewriting

c. Edit for specific goals

d. Proofread carefully

7. Write in Academic Genres

a. Write an observation

b. Write a case study

c. Write a lab report in the sciences

d. Write an essay exam

Part 2 Researching

Five Steps for Planning and Conducting Research

1 How do I find a topic?

2 How do I focus a topic?

3 How do I determine what research I need?

4 How do I find sources?

5 How do I keep track of my research?

8. Find Sources in Databases

a. Know the strengths of database sources

b. Find information in databases

c. Construct effective database searches

d. Locate elements of a citation in database sources

9. Find Sources on the Web

a. Find reliable Web sources

b. Construct effective Web searches

c. Locate elements of a citation in Web sources

10. Find Print Sources

a. Know the strengths of print sources

b. Find books

c. Find journal articles

d. Locate elements of a citation in print sources

11. Evaluate Your Sources

a. Determine the relevance of sources

b. Determine the quality of print and database sources

c. Determine the quality of Web sources

12. Plan Field Research

a. Know what you can obtain from field research

b. Conduct interviews

c. Administer surveys

d. Make observations

13. Incorporate Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

a. Avoid plagiarism

b. Quote sources without plagiarizing

c. Summarize and paraphrase sources without plagiarizing

d. Incorporate quotations, summaries, and paraphrases effectively

Part 3 Documenting

Five Steps for Documenting Sources

1 Which documentation style do I use?

2 What kind of source am I using?

3 When do I cite sources?

4 How do I cite a source in my paper?

5 How do I cite sources at the end of my paper?

14. MLA Documentation

a. In-text citations in MLA-style

b. Books in MLA-style works cited

c. Journals, magazines, newspapers, and documents

d. Library database publications

e. Online publications

f. Unedited online sources

g. Visual and multimedia sources

h. Sample research paper with MLA documentation

15. APA Documentation

a. The elements of APA documentation

b. In-text citations in APA-style

c. Books and nonperiodical sources

d. Periodical sources

e. Online sources

f. Visual, computer, and multimedia sources

g. Sample pages from a research paper with APA documentation

16. CMS Documentation

a. The elements of CMS documentation

b. Books and nonperiodical sources

c. Periodical sources

d. Online sources

e. Sample pages from a research paper with CMS documentation

17. CSE Documentation

a. In-text references in CSE style

b. Books and nonperiodical sources

c. Periodical sources

d. Online sources

Part 4 Effective Style and Language

18. Write with Power

a. Recognize active and passive voice

b. Use action verbs

c. Find agents

d. Vary your sentences

19. Write Concisely

a. Eliminate unnecessary words

b. Reduce wordy phrases

c. Simplify tangled sentences

20. Write with Emphasis

a. Manage emphasis within sentences

b. Forge links across sentences

c. Use parallel structure with parallel ideas

21. Find the Right Words

a. Be aware of levels of formality

b. Be aware of denotation and connotation

c. Use specific language

d. Write to be inclusive

e. Recognize international varieties of English

Part 5 Understanding Grammar

22. Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices

a. Fragments

b. Run-on sentences

c. Comma splices

23. Subject-Verb Agreement

a. Agreement in the present tense

b. Singular and plural subjects

c. Indefinite pronouns as subjects

d. Collective nouns as subjects

e. Inverted word order

f. Amounts, numbers, and pairs

24. Verbs

a. Basic verb forms

b. Irregular verbs

c. Transitive and intransitive verbs

25. Pronouns

a. Pronoun case

b. Pronoun agreement

c. Avoiding sexist pronouns

d. Vague reference

26. Shifts

a. Shifts in tense

b. Shifts in mood

c. Shifts in voice

d. Shifts in person and number

27. Modifiers

a. Choose the correct modifier

b. Place adjectives carefully

c. Place adverbs carefully

d. Revise disruptive modifiers

e. Revise dangling modifiers

28. Grammar for Multilingual Writers

a. Nouns

b. Articles

c. Verbs

Part 6 Understanding Punctuation and Mechanics

29. Commas

a. Commas with introductory elements

b. Commas with compound clauses

c. Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers

d. Commas with items in a series

e. Commas with coordinate adjectives

f. Commas with quotations

g. Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses

h. Commas to avoid confusion

i. Unnecessary commas

30. Semicolons and Colons

a. Semicolons with closely related main clauses

b. Semicolons together with commas

c. Colons in sentences

d. Colons with lists

31. Dashes and Parentheses

a. Dashes and parentheses to set off information

b. Dashes and parentheses versus commas

c. Other punctuation with parentheses

32. Apostrophes

a. Possessives

b. Contractions and omitted letters

c. Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words

33. Quotation Marks

a. Direct quotations

b. Titles of short works

c. Other uses of quotation marks

d. Other punctuation with quotation marks

e. Misuses of quotation marks

34. Other Punctuation Marks

a. Periods

b. Question marks

c. Exclamation points

d. Brackets

e. Ellipses

f. Slashes

35. Capitalization, Italics, Abbreviations, Numbers

a. Capital letters

b. Italics

c. Abbreviations

d. Acronyms

e. Numbers

Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage


Revision Guide

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