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University of California Press
Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation / Edition 1

Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation / Edition 1

by Alejandro Portes, Rubén G. Rumbaut
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One out of five Americans, more than 55 million people, are first-or second-generation immigrants. This landmark study, the most comprehensive to date, probes all aspects of the new immigrant second generation's lives, exploring their immense potential to transform American society for better or worse. Whether this new generation reinvigorates the nation or deepens its social problems depends on the social and economic trajectories of this still young population. In Legacies, Alejandro Portes and Rubén G. Rumbaut—two of the leading figures in the field—provide a close look at this rising second generation, including their patterns of acculturation, family and school life, language, identity, experiences of discrimination, self-esteem, ambition, and achievement.

Based on the largest research study of its kind, Legacies combines vivid vignettes with a wealth of survey and school data. Accessible, engaging, and indispensable for any consideration of the changing face of American society, this book presents a wide range of real-life stories of immigrant families—from Mexico, Cuba, Nicaragua, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, the Philippines, China, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam—now living in Miami and San Diego, two of the areas most heavily affected by the new immigration. The authors explore the world of second-generation youth, looking at patterns of parent-child conflict and cohesion within immigrant families, the role of peer groups and school subcultures, the factors that affect the children's academic achievement, and much more.

A companion volume to Legacies, entitled Ethnicities: Children of Immigrants in America, was published by California in Fall 2001. Edited by the authors of Legacies, this book will bring together some of the country's leading scholars of immigration and ethnicity to provide a close look at this rising second generation.

A Copublication with the Russell Sage Foundation

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780520228481
Publisher: University of California Press
Publication date: 05/31/2001
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 430
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Alejandro Portes is Professor of Sociology at Princeton University and Director of the Center for Migration and Development, Woodrow Wilson School for Public Affairs. He is the coauthor of City on the Edge: The Transformation of Miami (California, 1993) and Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States (California, 1985). Portes is the 2010 recipient of the W.E.B. Du Bois Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award from the American Sociological Association. Rubén G. Rumbaut is Professor of Sociology at Michigan State University. He is coauthor, with Alejandro Portes, of Immigrant America: A Portrait (California, 1996), and the coeditor of Immigration Research for a New Century: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (2000) and Origins and Destinies: Immigration, Race, and Ethnicity in America(1996).

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures

1. Twelve Stories
Miami Stories
MarÌa de los Angeles and Yvette Santana: August 1993
Melanie Fernandez-Rey: September 1993
Aristide Maillol: August 1993
Armando and Luis Hern·ndez: July 1995
Mary Patterson: February 1995
EfrÈn Montejo: May 1994
San Diego Stories
Jorge, Olga, Miguel Angel, and Estela Cardozo: January 1994
Quy Nguyen: December 1987
Bennie and Jennifer Montoya: October 1995
Sophy Keng: November 1987 - June 1988
Yolanda and Carlos Muñoz: March 1994
Boua Cha: 1988 - 1990

2. The New Americans: An Overview
Immigration Yesterday and Today
The Size and Concentration of the Second Generation
Studying the New Second Generation: The Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study
The New Second Generation at a Glance
Census Results
CILS Results

3. Not Everyone Is Chosen: Segmented Assimilation and Its Determinants
How Immigrants Are Received: Modes of Incorporation and Their Consequences
Acculturation and Role Reversal
Where They Grow Up: Challenges to Second-Generation Adaptation
Labor Markets
Confronting the Challenge: Immigrant Social Capital
Parental Status, Family Structure, and Gender
The Immigrant Community

4. Making It in America
Early Adaptation and Achievement
General Trends
Nationality and Achievement
Determinants of Parental Economic Achievement
Interaction Effects
Nationality and Family Composition

5. In Their Own Eyes: Immigrant Outlooks on America
Aura Lila MarÌn, Cuban, 53, Single Mother (1994)
Pao Yang, Laotian Hmong, 57, Father (1995)
Community and Pride

6. Lost in Translation:
Language and the New Second Generation
Bilingualism: Yesterday and Today
Shadow Boxing: Myth and Reality of Language Acculturation
General Trends
National Differences
Forced-March Acculturation
What Makes a Bilingual?
A Game of Mirrors: Language Instruction and Types of Acculturation

7. Defining the Situation: The Ethnic Identities of Children of Immigrants
Sites of Belonging: The Complex Allegiances of Children of Immigrants
Developing a Self
Past Research
Who Am I? Patterns of Ethnic Self-Identification
Ethnic Identity Shifts
Stability and Salience
Ethnic Self-Identities by National Origin
Where Do I Come From? Nation, Family, and Identity
Correlates of Self-Identities
Family Status, Composition, and Language
The Influence of Parental Self-Identities
Region, Schools, and Discrimination
The Race Question
Determinants of Ethnic and Racial Identities
Conclusion: From Translation Artists to Living Paradoxes

8. The Crucible Within: Family, Schools, and the Psychology of the Second Generation
San Diego Families
Family Cohesion, Conflict, and Change
School Environments and Peer Groups
Psychological Well-Being: Self-Esteem and Depressive Affect
School Engagement and Effort
Educational Expectations
Determinants of Psychosocial Outcomes
Self-Esteem and Depression

9. School Achievement and Failure
Early Educational Achievement
Preliminary Results
Determinants of Early Achievement
Educational Achievement in Late Adolescence
Grades in Senior High School
Change over Time
Dropping Out of School
Two Achievement Paradoxes
Southeast Asians
Cuban Americans

10. Conclusion: Mainstream Ideologies and the Long-Term Prospects of Immigrant Communities
Two Mainstream Ideologies
A Third Way: Selective Acculturation and Bilingualism
The Mexican Case
Theoretical Reprise
Time and Acculturation
Reactive Ethnicity and Its Aftermath

Appendix A. Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study:
Follow-up Questionnaire
Appendix B. Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study: Parental Questionnaire
Appendix C. Variables Used in Multivariate Analyses: Chapters 6 to 9

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