In offering here a highly readable yet comprehensive description of New England's Indians as they lived when European settlers first met them, the author provides a well-rounded picture of the natives as neither savages nor heroes, but fellow human beings existing at a particular time and in a particular environment. He dispels once and for all the common notion of native New England as peopled by a handful of savages wandering in a trackless wilderness. In sketching the picture the author has had help from such early explorers as Verrazano, Champlain, John Smith, and a score of literate sailors; Pilgrims and Puritans; settlers, travelers, military men, and missionaries. A surprising number of these took time and trouble to write about the new land and the characteristics and way of life of its native people. A second major background source has been the patient investigations of modern archaeologists and scientists, whose several enthusiastic organizations sponsor physical excavations and publications that continually add to our perception of prehistoric men and women, their habits, and their environment. This account of the earlier New Englanders, of their land and how they lived in it and treated it; their customs, food, life, means of livelihood, and philosophy of life will be of interest to all general audiences concerned with the history of Native Americans and of New England.
|Publisher:||University Press of New England|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||23 MB|
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About the Author
HOWARD S. RUSSELL had a lifelong interest in New England's earliest inhabitants, dating back to boyhood discoveries of occasional Indian artifacts in his family's plowed fields. This led him over the last half century to a systematic examination of every account left by early explorers and observers, every reference in regional or local histories or archaeological writings; to discussions with informed persons; and to making numerous visits to Indian village sites and museums. From this wide variety of sources, therefore, he has set down this illustrated account of New England's earliest settlers. Mr. Russell was author of the widely-acclaimed A Long, Deep Furrow: Three Centuries of Farming in New England (UPNE, 1976), about which Smithsonian said "A readable and splendid account . . . 'sweep' is not too grand a word for this rich and meticulous manuscript."
Table of ContentsCover Half-title Title Copyright Preface Contents List of Illustrations Foreword Part One: BACKGROUND 1. The Region and Its Resources 2. The First Europeans Part Two: THE PEOPLE 3. The Tribes and Their Distribution 4. Personal Characteristics 5. Health and Illness 6. Religion and Philosophy Part Three: THE HOUSEHOLD 7. A Place to Live 8. Household and Personal Equipment The Cooking Pot Maize Beans, Squashes, and Pumpkins Roots and Nuts Fruits Sugar and Salt Game, Fish, and Seafood A Diet for Superb Health 10. The Roles of the Sexes 11. The Day's Round 12. Beyond the Round Part Four: THE BOUNTIFUL EARTH 13. The Soil 14. The Provision of Nature Farming Tools The Fields Corn, Beans, Squashes, and Watermelons Roots Tobacco 17. The Seasons Round Storing the Yield Fall Hunting Part Five: INTERRELATIONS 18. Trade and Conflict 19. Travel and Communication Afterword: A Promising Society Appendix: Uses of Trees, Shrubs, and Herbaceous Plants Notes Bibliography Index