India's nuclear profile, doctrine, and practices have evolved rapidly since the country’s nuclear breakout in 1998. However, the outside world's understanding of India's doctrinal debates, forward-looking strategy, and technical developments are still two decades behind the present. This book will fill that gap in our knowledge by focusing on the post-1998 evolution of Indian nuclear thought, its arsenal, the triangular rivalry with Pakistan and China, and New Delhi's nonproliferation policy approaches. Joshi and O'Donnell show how India's nuclear trajectory has evolved in response to domestic, regional, and global drivers. The book argues that doctrinal and posturing developments in India, China, and Pakistan are elevating inadvertent and accidental escalation risks. As nuclear South Asia continues to attract global concern, this book provides an indispensable and timely guide to its challenges and offers potential solutions to them. Based on primary-source research and interviews, this book will be important reading for scholars and students of India's international relations and security as well as for military, defense contractor, and policy audiences outside of India.
About the Author
Yogesh Joshi is a MacArthur Nuclear Security Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University and is coauthor of The US Pivot and Indian Foreign Policy.
Frank O'Donnell is a Stanton Junior Faculty Fellow at Harvard University's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and a nonresident fellow in the Stimson Center’s South Asia Program. He is the coauthor of India’s Evolving Nuclear Force and Implications for US Strategy in the Asia-Pacific.
Table of Contents
List of AbbreviationsIntroduction
Chapter 1: Two Decades of Indian Nuclear Force Development: The Emerging Posture and Looming Decision Points
Chapter 2: Pakistan’s Nuclear Thought and Posture: Implications for India
Chapter 3: China's Nuclear Thought and Posture: Implications for India
Chapter 4: The Doctrinal Background: Nuclear Deterrence in Indian Strategic Thought, 1964-2003
Chapter 5: New Challenges for Indian Nuclear Doctrine: The Doctrinal Debate, 2003-Present
Chapter 6: Indian Nonproliferation Policy: Approaches and Challenges in the 21st Century
What People are Saying About This
In locating India's nuclear strategy in the triangular dynamic with Pakistan and China, Joshi and O'Donnell open up an under-explored terrain in the discourse on nuclear deterrence. Their focus on the dangers of accidental and inadvertent dangers of escalation is of special importance amidst India's deteriorating relations with both Pakistan and China.
Joshi and O'Donnell offer a thoughtful corrective to nuclear optimists. In the first analysis of its kind, they analyze India's nuclear weapons strategy within an interactive framework with those ofChina and Pakistan, highlighting growing risks and exploring ways of mitigating them.
A comprehensive and insightful study of India’s nuclear capabilities and doctrine, and of the strategic environment in the larger South Asian region. This book will be a valuable resource for students, analysts, and policymakers.
While Indian nuclear weapons have been the subject of many scholarly investigations, Frank O'Donnell and Yogesh Joshi's India and Nuclear Asia is exceptional because it explores the impact on strategic stability deriving from the interaction effects of India's capabilities with those of its rivals. The dangers of inadvertent escalation that O'Donnell and Joshi highlight serve as a sobering reminder for all security managers in Southern Asia as their respective arsenals progressively mature.
Two decades after the 1998 Indian nuclear tests, while India’s nuclear capabilities as well as its standing in the global nuclear regime have seen dramatic transformation, the India-China-Pakistan equation has undergone tectonic change with the entry of full-spectrum deterrence, and dual-use and naval platforms into the nuclear calculus. With the credibility of NFU in doubt, and absent a triangular strategic-dialogue, Joshi and O’Donnelldeserve high praise for the timelyfocus they bring on the dangers inherent in this intensely opaque equation and for the diligence with which they explore its implications; including nightmare scenarios of inadvertent and accidental escalation.