In South Africa, HIV/AIDS is changing the country's social fabric. Over 5 million South Africans are living with the virus. Concerns exist on how HIV/AIDS may affect different sectors of society, possibly altering the course set for development. Is it possible that the way in which the epidemic is being fought - through health and human rights activism - is adjusting expectations of justice and equality? This book is a multidisciplinary overview of the discourse on HIV/AIDS and explores the concept of human security and the global development agenda. Contributions are drawn from a diverse group of academics and activists who examine how the epidemic intersects with politics, society, culture, and the economy in South Africa. The book addresses the effects on human rights, gender inequality, prisons, the military, the education sector, rural livelihoods, and the orphan crisis.