by Wendy Blaxland


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Each book in the How are They Made? series looks at the production of an everyday item, from raw materials to finished item. Each book also explores:

the history of the item

packaging, marketing, advertising, and distribution

small- and large-scale manufacture and the environmental impacts of the manufacturing process.

Special Features

Special text and visual text features include:

simple, easy-to-follow flowcharts showing production stages

a timeline exploring the development of the item over time

a world map showing where the raw materials are sourced, and where the item is produced

"Guess What!" and "Question & Answer" fun fact boxes.

Guess What!

A space helmet is a clear plastic sphere with shields and a tinted visor attached to it. Communication equipment is fastened to the astronaut's head. Space helmets include a strip of rough Velcro so astronauts can scratch an itchy nose.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761447559
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing
Publication date: 01/28/2010
Series: Cavendish Square How Are They Made? Series
Pages: 32
Product dimensions: 9.04(w) x 11.14(h) x 0.33(d)
Age Range: 9 - 12 Years

Table of Contents

From Raw Materials to Products 4

The History of Helmets 6

What are Helmets Made From? 8

Helmet Design 10

From Plastic to Helmets 12

Raw Materials for Helmets 14

Stage 1 Making Plastic 16

Stage 2 Forming the Lining and Outer Shell 18

Stage 3 Assembling and Finishing Helmets 20

Packaging and Distribution 22

Marketing and Advertising 24

Production of Helmets 26

Helmets and the Environment 28

Questions to Think About 30

Glossary 31

Index 32

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