From Labor to Reward: Black Church Beginnings in San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, and Richmond, 1849-1972

From Labor to Reward: Black Church Beginnings in San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, and Richmond, 1849-1972

by Martha C. Taylor


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From Labor to Reward: Black Church Beginnings in San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, and Richmond, 1849-1972 by Martha C. Taylor

From Labor to Reward is a pioneering, epic, and groundbreaking book that fills a huge void in American religious history, black religious history, and traditions of the black church. Until now, no other book has chronicled the rich religious experiences of black church beginnings in the Bay Area. Martha C. Taylor provides penetrating insight into the early makings of the black church in the Bay Area. With attention to detail, Taylor captures the joys, frustrations, and unity of black people who left the segregated Deep South, came to the Bay Area seeking freedom only to face similar adversities of segregation, racism, housing discrimination, KKK threats of violence, and other socio-political barriers. Remarkably, these early pioneers brought their culture, traditions, and experiences from the South and built a strong vibrant religious community. From Labor to Reward speaks for the legacy of African Americans who were gospel social activists using the church as the anchor. Multiple sources of research and interviews were gathered from church records, newspaper clippings, and other written sources to tell this unknown story. This book is sure to be a classic and a must read for all persons interested in history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781498232814
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 06/24/2016
Pages: 232
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Martha C. Taylor is the Historian for the Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc. and church historian for the historic Allen Temple Baptist Church, Oakland, California. She formerly served as adjunct professor for the San Francisco Theological Seminary, Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, Doctor of Ministry and Masters of Divinity programs. Taylor is dually ordained as an American Baptist and Presbyterian Minister. She resides in Oakland, California.

Table of Contents

Foreword Dwight N. Hopkins xi

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix

Introduction xxi

Part I Gold Rush Migration Era 1849-1909

The Black Experience in Early California Antebellum Years-1815-1861 1

Negroes for Sale in "Free" California 2

Archy Lee 3

California Colored Conventions-1855-1865 4

First Convention 5

Second Convention 5

Third Convention 6

Black Church Beginnings 7

First Organized Black Church in California Saint Andrews African Methodist Church-Sacramento 1850 8

Black Church Beginnings San Francisco 9

St. Cyprian African Methodist Episcopal Church 1852 9

Union Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church 11

Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church 11

First AfricanMethodistEpiscopalZionChurch-1852 12

Third Baptist Church 1852 14

Black Church Beginnings Oakland 17

First African Methodist Episcopal Church 18

Beth Eden Baptist Church 20

Downs Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church 22

Greater Cooper A.M.E. Zion Church Oakland 25

North Oakland Baptist Church 27

Early Pioneers-Education for Blacks-Separate BUT NOT Equal 29

Home for Aged and Infirm Colored People, Oakland 1892 31

Part II First Great Migration 1910-1939

We Shall Rise Up and Walk 38

The Politics of Containment-Racial Covenants in the Early 1900s 40

We Come to Bear Witness-Black Churches Continued to Grow 42

St Augustine's Episcopal Church 43

The First Great Migration-World War 11914-1918 44

Berkeley Middle Class, Moderately Speaking 46

McGee Avenue Baptist Church, Berkeley, 1918 47

North Richmond Baptist Church 1919 49

Race Men Fighting Racism-Not in Our Backyard 51

A Nation within a Nation-The Women Were There 52

Allen Temple Baptist Church 1919 55

A New Era 59

Millennium Era 60

Parks Chapel AME Church, Oakland 1919 60

The 1920s-Tragedy and Laughter 62

Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), 1920 62

Ku Klux Klan-Organized Bigotry 64

Watts Hospital First Black Hospital Oakland 1926 67

Let the Church Roll On 68

Taylor Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, Oakland, California, 1920 68

New Hope Baptist Church Oakland 1921 71

Mount Zion Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 1922 73

Market Street Seventh Day Adventist Church 75

Beebe Memorial Christian Methodist Episcopal Cathedral 76

The Dawning of a New Day 79

The Memorial Tabernacle Church 1925 79

McGlothen Temple Church of God in Christ, 1925 80

The Great Depression-The Neck Bone Years 82

Bethlehem Lutheran Church, Oakland 84

St Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1933 86

Progressive Missionary Baptist Church, 1935 87

Star Bethel Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 88

Mingleton Temple Church of God in Christ, Oakland 90

Part III Great Migration 1940-1950

The Second Great Migration-1940-1970 91

A Family bound for the Promised Land 94

Antioch Baptist Church, Oakland 99

Activities among Negroes 100

Lena Wysinger, 1940s 100

Tensions for Newcomers 100

Nothing Could Stop the Black Church Growth 104

St. John Missionary Baptist Church, Richmond 106

Davis Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church 108

Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church 1943 111

War at Home 111

Jones United Methodist Church, San Francisco 112

Sounds of the Bay Area Secular and the Sacred 114

First Union Baptist Church, San Francisco 118

The Church for the Fellowship of All Peoples 119

Providence Baptist Church 122

New Providence Baptist Church, San Francisco 123

Bethlehem Missionary Baptist Church, Richmond 124

Evergreen Baptist Church, San Francisco 125

Mount Zion Spiritual Temple, 1945 125

Mt Calvary Baptist Church, Oakland 129

Echoes of Port Chicago: A Tragedy in the Bay Area 130

Post War Traumatic Stress in Black Neighborhood 131

Faith Presbyterian Church, Oakland 134

Friendship Missionary Baptist Church, San Francisco 135

Galilee Missionary Baptist Church, San Francisco 136

Evergreen Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 137

Bethel Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 138

St. John Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 141

Liberty Hill Missionary Baptist Church, Berkeley 144

Mount Carmel Missionary Baptist Church 146

Double Rock Baptist Church, San Francisco 147

Part IV Civil Rights Era and Beyond-1950s-1972

The Civil Rights Era and Beyond 155

The Death of the Negro Church-the Birth of the Black Church 158

Urban Black Diaspora-They Bullied and Bulldozed Communities 159

Neighborhoods in Transition 161

Cosmopolitan Baptist Church, Oakland 162

Easter Hill United Methodist Church, Richmond, 1951 163

First Baptist Church of Parchester Village, Richmond, 1951 165

Pleasant Grove Baptist Church, Oakland, 1951 166

Church by the Side of the Road, Berkeley, 1956 167

Church of the Good Shepherd, Oakland, 1956 170

Seventh Avenue Baptist Church, Oakland, 1958 171

Bethany Baptist Church, Oakland, 1960 172

Paradise Missionary Baptist Church, 1960 174

Harmony Missionary Baptist Church, Oakland 176

Early Years of Huey P. Newton: A Different Look 177

National Committee of Black Churchmen 180

Center of Hope Community Church, Oakland, 1968 181

Brookins AME Church, Oakland, 1968 183

Love Center Church, Oakland, 1972 185

Sojourner Presbyterian Church, Richmond, 1972 187

Epilogue 191

Reverse Migration 194

Bibliography 199

Index 207

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