Kaarle Krohn's Folklore Methodology was the first systematic attempt to state a method of studying folkloristic materials. For centuries scholars had collected folkloristic texts and had commented on them, but they had not tried to formulate a method of investigating folklore.
Folklore Methodology became the handbook for the great Finnish School of folklore research. It provided for its students a guide to the geographical research of traditional materials, a radical departure from the literary scholarship that had dominated folklore studies.
Krohn's book explores the causes and modes of folklore diffusion, development, and destruction; it outlines the influences that cause change in folklore; it provides valuable insights into the nature of folklore; and, finally, it develops geographic methods for analyzing, classifying, and reconstructing individual items from the folk repertoire.
While many developments have taken place since Krohn first published his guide, important new concepts of folklore research sprang from his efforts. For this reason, Folklore Methodology is mandatory reading for every serious student of folklore.
About the Author
Kaarle Krohn (1863-1933), a native of Finland, was a noted folklorist and scholar.
Roger L. Welsch taught folklore for many years and now lives in Nebraska.
Table of Contents
- Foreword by Archer Taylor
- Translator’s Acknowledgments
- I. Julius Krohn
- II. Demarcation of the Field of Work
- III. Choice and Scope of the Problem
- IV. Procurement of Materials
- V. Screening the Materials
- VI. Arranging the Materials
- VII. Establishing Geographic Classifications
- VIII. Procedure of Analysis
- IX. The Influence of Faulty Memory
- X. The Impulse toward Expansion
- XI. Laws of Transformation
- XII. Criteria
- XIII. Epic Laws
- XIV. The Basic Form
- XV. Identity
- XVI. Homeland and Migration
- XVII. Direction of Diffusion
- XVIII. Manner of Diffusion
- XIX. Time of Origin
- XX. Foundations
- XXI. Epilogue