The Fish Can Sing is one of Nobel Prize winner Halldór Laxness’s most beloved novels, a poignant coming-of-age tale marked with his peculiar blend of light irony and dark humor.
The orphan Alfgrimur has spent an idyllic childhood sheltered in the simple turf cottage of a generous and eccentric elderly couple. Alfgrimur dreams only of becoming a fisherman like his adoptive grandfather, until he meets Iceland's biggest celebrity. The opera singer Gardar Holm’s international fame is a source of tremendous pride to tiny, insecure Iceland, though no one there has ever heard him sing. A mysterious man who mostly avoids his homeland and repeatedly fails to perform for his adoring countrymen, Gardar takes a particular interest in Alfgrimur’s budding musical talent and urges him to seek out the world beyond the one he knows and loves. But as Alfgrimur discovers that Gardar is not what he seems, he begins to confront the challenge of finding his own path without turning his back on where he came from.
About the Author
Halldor Laxness was born near Reykjavik, Iceland, in 1902. His first novel was published when he was seventeen. The undisputed master of contemporary Icelandic fiction, and one of the outstanding novelists of the century, he wrote more than sixty books, including novels, short stories, essays, poems, plays, and memoirs. In 1955 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Laxness died in Iceland in 1998.
Read an Excerpt
The Fish Can Sing
By Halldor Laxness
Copyright © 2008 Halldor Laxness
All right reserved.
A wise man once said that next to losing its mother, there is nothing more healthy for a child than to lose its father. And though I would never subscribe to such a statement wholeheartedly, I would be the last person to reject it out of hand. For my own part, I would express such a doctrine without any suggestion of bitterness against the world, or rather without the hurt which the mere sound of the words implies.
But whatever one might think of the merits of this observation, it so happened in my own case that I had to make do without any parents at all. I will not say that it was actually my good fortune - that would be putting it too strongly; but I certainly cannot call it a misfortune, at least not so far as I myself was concerned, and that was because I acquired a grandfather and a grandmother instead. It might be closer to the truth to say that the misfortune was all my father's and my mother's: not because I would have been a model son to them, far from it, but because parents have even more need of children than children have of parents. But that is another matter.
Anyway, to cut a long story short, I must tell you that to the south of the churchyard in our future capital city of Reykjavik, just where the slope begins to level out at thesouthern end of the Lake, on the exact spot where Gudmundur Gudmunsen (the son of old Jon Gudmundsson, the owner of Gudmunsen's Store) eventually built himself a fine mansion-house - on this patch of ground there once stood a little turf-and-stone cottage with two wooden gables facing east towards the Lake; and this little place was called Brekkukot.
This was where my grandfather lived, the late Bjorn of Brekkukot who sometimes went fishing for lumpfish in spring-time; and with him lived the woman who has been closer to me than most other women, even though I knew nothing about her: my grandmother. This little turf cottage was a free and ever-open guest-house for anyone and everyone who had need of shelter. At the time when I was coming into this world, the cottage was crowded with people who would nowadays be called refugees - people who flee their country, people who abandon their native homes and hearths in tears because conditions at home are so desperate that their children cannot survive infancy.
Then one day, so I have been told, it happened that a young woman arrived at the place from somewhere in the west; or north; or perhaps even east. This woman was on her way to America, abandoned and destitute, fleeing from those who ruled over Iceland. I have heard that her passage had been paid for by the Mormons, and indeed I know for a fact that among them are to be found some of the finest people in America. But anyway, without further ado, this woman I mentioned gave birth to a baby while she was staying at Brekkukot waiting for her ship. And when she had been delivered of the child she looked at her newborn son and said, "This boy is to be called Alfur."
"I would be inclined to name him Grimur," said my grandmother.
"Then we shall call him Alfgrimur," said my mother.
And so the only thing this woman ever gave me, apart from a body and soul, was this name: Alfgrimur. Like all fatherless children in Iceland I was called Hansson - literally, "His-son". And thereupon she left me, naked as I was and with only that curious name, in the arms of Bjorn, late fisherman of Brekkukot, and went on her way; and she is now out of this story.
And I now begin this book with the old clock that used to stand in the living-room at Brekkukot, ticking away. Inside this clock there was a silver bell, whose clear pure note as it struck the hours could be heard not only all over Brekkukot but up in the churchyard as well. In the churchyard there was another bell, a copper bell, whose deep resonant tones carried all the way back into our cottage. And so, when the wind was right, you could hear two bells chiming in harmony in our little turf cottage, the one of silver and the other of copper.
Our clock had a decorated face, and in the middle of the ornamentation one could read the legend that this clock had been made by Mr James Cowan of Edinburgh, 1750. It had no doubt been built to stand in some other house than Brekkukot, for its plinth had had to be removed so that it could fit under our ceiling. This clock ticked to a slow and stately measure, and I soon got the notion that no other clock was worth taking seriously. People's pocket-watches seemed to me to be dumb infants compared with this clock of ours. The seconds in other people's watches were like scurrying insects having a race, but the seconds in the timepiece at Brekkukot were like cows, and always went as slowly as it is possible to move without actually standing still.
It goes without saying that if there were anything happening in the room you never heard the clock at all, no more than if it did not exist; but when all was quiet and the visitors had gone and the table had been cleared and the door shut, then it would start up again, as steady as ever; and if you listened hard enough you could sometimes make out a singing note in its workings, or something very like an echo.
How did it ever come about, I wonder, that I got the notion that in this clock there lived a strange creature, which was Eternity? Somehow it just occurred to me one day that the word it said when it ticked, a four-syllable word with the emphasis on alternate syllables, was et-ERN-it-Y, et-ERN-it-Y. Did I know the word, then?
It was odd that I should discover eternity in this way, long before I knew what eternity was, and even before I had learned the proposition that all men are mortal - yes, while I was actually living in eternity myself. It was as if a fish were suddenly to discover the water it swam in. I mentioned this to my grandfather one day when we happened to be alone in the living-room.
"Do you understand the clock, grandfather?" I asked.
"Here in Brekkukot we know this clock only very slightly," he replied. "We only know that it tells the days and the hours right down to seconds. But your grandmother's great-uncle, who owned this clock for sixty-five years, told me that the previous owner had said that it once told the phases of the moon - before some watchmaker got at it. Old folk farther back in your grandmother's family used to maintain that this clock could foretell marriages and deaths; but I don't take that too seriously, my boy."
Then I said, "Why does the clock always say: et-ERN-it-Y, et-ERN-it-Y, et-ERN-it-Y?"
"You must be hearing things, my child," said my grandfather.
"Is there no eternity, then?" I asked.
"Not otherwise than you have heard in your grandmother's prayers at night and in the Book of Sermons from me on Sundays, my boy," he replied.
"Grandfather," I said. "Is eternity a living creature?"
"Try not to talk nonsense, my boy," said grandfather.
"Listen, grandfather, are any clocks other than ours worth taking seriously?"
"No," said my grandfather. "Our clock is right. And that is because I have long since stopped letting watchmakers have a look at it. Indeed, I have never yet come across a watchmaker who understood this clock. If I cannot mend it myself, I get some handyman to look at it; I have always found handymen best."
When I was not in the living-room listening to the strange creature in the clock, I was often outside playing in the vegetable garden. The tufts of grass between the paving-slabs reached to my waist, but the dockens and tansies were as tall as I was, and the angelica even taller. The dandelions in this garden were bigger than anywhere else. We kept a few hens, whose eggs always tasted of fish. These hens would start their clucking when they were pecking for food around the house early in the morning; it was a comfortable sound and I never took long to fall asleep again. And sometimes, around noon, they would break into their clucking again as they strutted about in their hen-run, and once again I would fall into a doze, entranced by this brooding birdsound and the scent of the tansies. Nor must I forget to thank the bluebottle for its share in this midsummer trance; it was so blue that the sunshine made it glint green, and the joyful note of earthly life vibrated ceaselessly in its well-tuned string.
But whether I was playing in the vegetable garden, or out on the paving, or down by the path, my grandfather was always somewhere at hand, silent and omniscient. There was always some door standing wide open or ajar, the door of the cottage or the fish-shed or the net-hut or the byre, and he would be inside there, pottering away. Sometimes he would be disentangling a net on the drystone dyke; or else he would just be tinkering with something. His hands were never idle, but he never seemed to be actually working. He never gave any sign of knowing that his grandchild was nearby, and I never paid much attention to him either, and yet somehow I was always involuntarily aware of him in the background. I would hear him blowing his nose with long pauses between each blow, and then taking another pinch of snuff. His constant silent presence was in every cranny and corner of Brekkukot - it was like lying snugly at anchor, one's soul could find in him whatever security it sought. To this very day I still have the feeling from time to time that a door is standing ajar somewhere to one side of or behind me, or even right in front of me, and that my grandfather is inside there, pottering away. So I think it only right, if I am to talk about my world, that I should first of all give some account of my grandfather.
The late Bjorn of Brekkukot was born and bred in this part of the world; his father had been a farmer here in Brekkukot in the days when it had been a farm with its own meadows on the south side of the Lake, where, later, peat-pits were dug to supply this future capital city with fuel. In those days there were Danish governors ruling over Iceland. But by the time my story starts, an Icelandic governor had been appointed; he was called the King's Minister because he was under the thumb of the Danish king in just the same way as was the Althing we had for a so-called Parliament. When my grandfather was born there were barely two thousand people living in the capital; in my own childhood there were nearly five thousand. In grandfather's childhood the only people who counted were a few government officials (who were called variously "the gentry", or simply "the authorities"), and a few foreign merchants, mainly Jews from Schleswig and Holstein who spoke Low German and called themselves Danes; for in those days Jews were not allowed to do business in Denmark itself, only in the Danish duchies and colonies. The rest of the town's inhabitants were cottagers who went out to the fishing and sometimes owned a small share in a cow, or had a few sheep. They had little rowing-boats, on which they could sometimes hoist a sail.
In my grandfather's boyhood everyone was self-sufficient as far as fish was concerned, except for the gentry and the merchants, who lived on meat, for the most part anyway. But as the community grew and began to develop into something like a town, with some basic divisions of labour, and there began to be artisans and harbour-workers who had no opportunity of going to sea for themselves, and as a little money began to circulate, one or two people started to make a livelihood by catching fish for their neighbours' larders.
One of those who made his living in this way was my grandfather. He was not a ship-owner in the sense of being in big business; nor did he own shares in a boat with others. He was never one of those who dried fish on a scale large enough to trade with merchants and accumulate gold and silver in a chest and then suddenly start buying up land or plots of ground or taking shares in a decked ship, as was then becoming the fashion. Nothing like that. When the weather was fine it was his custom to row out to sea early in the morning from the landing place at Grofin or Botin, with one or two helpers in his boat, and put his nets out somewhere just beyond the islands - or at the very most, perhaps, they might paddle the boat out as far as Svid. When he returned, grandmother and I would be waiting at the landing place with a bottle of coffee wrapped in a sock and a slice of ryebread in a red handkerchief. Then grandfather would go off with his catch in a wheelbarrow and sell it in the town for ready money, either in the street or from door to door. During the winter season, or late on in the summer, he would catch mainly cod and haddock, and sometimes also plaice and small halibut; no other fish counted. If any of the fish were not sold at once, my grandfather would clean them at home and hang them up on spars in the fish-shed; for drying into stockfish.
During the last few months of winter he would stop going out to the fishing, as it was called, and turn his attention to lumpfish, which he would look for among the seaweed either in Skerjafjordur or out at Grandi. I am not sure if it is generally known that there is a distinct contrast between the male and female lumpfish; the male is one of the most beautifully coloured fish to be found, and tasty to match, but the female is less highly thought of and is usually salted down. In the south, out on the Nesses, spring is said to have arrived when the lumpfish season starts and the bark-coloured sails of the Frenchmen are glinting out in Faxafloi.
Towards the end of March my grandfather would be down in the town with his wheelbarrow every morning, just as people were getting up, to sell fresh lumpfish.
Excerpted from The Fish Can Sing by Halldor Laxness Copyright © 2008 by Halldor Laxness. Excerpted by permission.
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Table of Contents
|1||A Strange Creature||3|
|4||What is the Value of the Bible?||16|
|5||Two Women and a Picture||23|
|6||Proper Titles at Brekkukot||27|
|7||Barbed Wire at Hvammskot||31|
|10||Talk and Writing at Brekkukot||47|
|11||The Icelander's University||51|
|12||A Good Funeral||58|
|13||A Woman from Landbrot||63|
|14||Light over Hringjarabaer||67|
|16||Superintendent and Visitor||77|
|17||Pepper for Three Aurar||84|
|18||When Our Lykla Calves||92|
|19||Morning of Eternity: and End||99|
|21||Converting the Chinese||108|
|23||Gardar Holm's Second Homecoming||119|
|25||A Man in the Churchyard?||129|
|27||The Chief Justice||140|
|28||Secret Doctrine at Brekkukot||147|
|29||A Good Marriage||152|
|30||The Soul Clad in Air||159|
|31||Perhaps the God||166|
|32||Political Meeting in the Temperance Hall: The Barbers' Bill||171|
|34||Gardar Holm's Third Homecoming||184|
|35||Ribbons and Bows||188|
|36||Evening at the Archangel Gabriel's Tomb||206|
|37||Night in the Hotel d'Islande||216|
|38||Singing in the Cathedral||223|
|39||The Store's Jubilee||232|
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Tender, touching, coming-of-age story, wonderful book.
I just finished this novel and I was very pleased. Halldor writes very nicely, he shares some of the traits of the Icelandic people. He also deals with profound issues that grow organically from the first scenes. I started to read the begining and found the connection between front and back
This is an episodic tale of a boy growing up in an Iceland which is still very traditional, but starting to be affected by the outside world. It manages to combine the cadences of a storytelling tradition with a dry humour (one of the episodes starts, "I have now said something about fish, but I have not said anything yet about the Bible". At first I thought this was going to be about the coming clash between tradition and modernity, and I suppose that is one of the underlying themes, but ultimately it turns into a sort of morality tale - all illustrating, as the grandmother says, that "Slow good luck is best". If I have a criticism, it's that - because the story was episodic - there wasn't much narrative pull - so that once I put the book down, I didn't rush to pick it up again. But when I did pick it up, its charm drew me in again quickly.
I was was enchanted by the story of Alfgrimur, a young orphan growing up in a fishing village near Reykjavik. Alfgrimur is happy in the home of an elderly man and woman he calls grandfather and grandmother. His uncertain origins don't seem to bother him. When he discovers he has an aptitude for music, he is satisfied to develop his talent for his own pleasure. He dreams of nothing more than becoming a fisherman like his grandfather. Will his encounter with opera singer Gardar Holm, Iceland's most famous native and some sort of distant relation to Alfgrimar, change his perspective?Iceland is as much character as location in this story. While Alfgrimar is discovering his identity on a personal level, Iceland is discovering its national identity. During the time of the story, Iceland is still under Danish rule. Some of the Icelanders in the book seem to view themselves as the ¿country cousins¿ of the more sophisticated Danes. Will Iceland embrace its cultural traditions, or exchange them for those of their ¿city cousins'?Although this book isn't considered magical realism, it reminded me of the few books I've read from that genre, particularly Midnight's Children and One Hundred Years of Solitude. If you've read and enjoyed either of those books, you might want to give this one a try.
Is this book really simultaneously comparable to Joyce's "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" and Einhard's "Life of Charlemagne"? Somehow, yes. Laxness twists together some very odd strands of modernism and pastorlism, of novel and chronicle, resulting in a distinctive, thoughtful, and deeply entertaining book. The warp of the book is a boy growing up in a quiet but eclectic Icelandic fishing village, the weft is a mysterious and troubled relative whose periodic return from the broader world stirs the old pot. The two are woven together in a way that seems to show first one pattern, then another, then yet a third. I can think of no coming of age story that so deftly explores that strange world between reality, perception and perspective, as a boy, growing up, learns a bit more about the world but still, of course, not everything. The mystery remains, however much it may have been explored and challenged. All told with Laxness' dry, wry sense of humor. This book deserves to be as canonical as Joyce's Portrait of the Artist, about the only book I can think of comparable to it in subject, scope, ambition and success. Throughout this read, I just kept saying, "it's getting even better." And, of course, I kept laughing aloud.
On the surface, this is a coming-of-age story of a young orphan, Álfgrímur, being raised by foster "grand-parents" who are poor in a material sense but rich in friends and spirit. Alongside that, you sense that this is also a coming-of-age story of Iceland, itself—a puberty that is making many bad choices, but occurring nonetheless.This book fools you. The several story lines seem like unconnected sketches: Álfgrímur's desire to be a lumpfisherman, his love of singing, his odd relationship with his relative, the mysterious and reclusive opera singer, Gardar Holm, all seem to be simple scenes in the story of his childhood. This isn't an unpleasant experience; Laxness' warm and simple presentation, reminding me of a folk tale, paints a dryly humorous picture of a large cast of colorful and interesting characters, gives us many amusing anecdotes, and slyly pokes fun at everything from government to proper manners to Eastern religion.As the book draws to its close, however, we find those story threads weaving together into a larger story line, a satisfying morality tale about what is valuable in life, about the disappointing nature of pride and fame.Distinctive, thoughtful, never trite—a real find.