"I had a profoundly well-educated Princetonian ask me, 'Where is your tomahawk?' I had a beautiful woman approach me in the college gymnasium and exclaim, 'You have the most beautiful red skin.' I took a friend to see Dances with Wolves and was told, 'Your people have a beautiful culture.' . . . I made many lifelong friends at college, and they supported but also challenged me with questions like, 'Why should Indians have reservations?'"What have you always wanted to know about Indians? Do you think you should already know the answers—or suspect that your questions may be offensive? In matter-of-fact responses to over 120 questions, both thoughtful and outrageous, modern and historical, Ojibwe scholar and cultural preservationist Anton Treuer gives a frank, funny, and sometimes personal tour of what's up with Indians, anyway.—What is the real story of Thanksgiving?
—Why are tribal languages important?
—What do you think of that incident where people died in a sweat lodge?White/Indian relations are often characterized by guilt and anger. Everything You Wanted to Know about Indians but Were Afraid to Ask cuts through the emotion and builds a foundation for true understanding and positive action.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Ambassador 1
What terms are most appropriate for talking about North America's first people?
What terms are not appropriate for talking about North America's first people?
What terms are most appropriate for talking about each tribe?
How do I know how to spell all these complicated terms?
What term is most appropriate-nation, band, tribe, or reservation?
What does the word powwow mean?
How can I find out the meaning of the place names around me that come from indigenous languages?
How many Indians were in North and South America before contact?
When did Indians really get to North America?
Why does it matter when Indians got here?
What do Indians say about their origins?
Who else made it here before Columbus?
Did Native Americans scalp?
Did Indians practice polygamy? Do they now?
What are native views about homosexuality?
How was gender configured in native communities?
Do indigenous people in Canada get treated more fairly by their government than those in the United States?
What is the real story of Columbus?
Why does getting the Columbus story right matter?
What is the real story of Thanksgiving?
What is the real story of Pocahontas?
When did the U.S. government stop making treaties with Indians and why?
Why do some people use the word genocide in discussing the treatment of Indians?
Religion, Culture & Identity 39
Why do Indians have long hair?
Do Indians live in teepees?
What is fasting and why do Indians do it?
What are clans and do all Indians have them?
Where are the real Indians?
What does traditional mean?
Aren't all Indians traditional?
Why is it called a "traditional Indian fry bread taco"?
What is Indian time?
What are Indian cars?
I thought that Indians have a strong sense of ecological stewardship, so why do I also see a lot of trash in some yards?
Do Indians have a stronger sense of community than non-Indians?
What is Indian religion?
Why do Indians use tobacco for ceremonies?
It seems like Indians have a deeper spiritual connection than in many religious traditions. Is that true?
What are some of the customs around pregnancy and childbirth?
What are naming ceremonies?
Can a normative person get an Indian name?
What are coming-of-age ceremonies?
How come everyone's laughing at a traditional Indian funeral?
Do they charge for participation in native ceremonies?
What is a sweat lodge?
Do Indians still get persecuted for their religious beliefs?
What is a powwow?
What do the different styles of dance mean?
Why are "49" songs sung in English?
How come they have a prize purse at powwows?
Can white people dance at powwows?
Do women sing at powwows?
What is the protocol for gifts at powwows?
Tribal Languages 79
How many tribal languages are spoken in North America?
Which ones have a chance to be here a hundred years from now?
Why are fluency rates higher in Canada?
It seems like tribal languages won't give native people a leg up in the modern world. Why are tribal languages important to Indians?
Why should tribal languages be important to everyone else?
What are the challenges to successfully revitalizing tribal languages?
When were tribal languages first written down?
Many tribal languages were never written. Why do they write them now?
Why is it funnier in Indian?
How do tribal languages encapsulate a different world view?
What is sovereignty?
Why do Indians have reservations?
Why isn't being American enough? Why do Indians need reservations today?
Why do Indians have treaty rights? What other rights do they have that differ from most people?
What is allotment?
Why does my land have clouded title?
Is something being done about clouded title?
If tribes had hereditary chiefs, how come there is a democratic process in place for selecting tribal leaders in most places today?
What's the Indian Reorganization Act?
What are the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe and the Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council?
Why do so many Indians live in urban areas today? What is relocation?
What is termination?
Why do Indians have their own police and courts in some places?
Why does the FBI investigate murders on some reservations?
Why do state law enforcement agencies investigate murders on some other reservations? What is Public Law 280?
Don't tribes ever investigate murders on Indian land themselves?
Do Indians face racial profiling from law enforcement?
Should Leonard Peltier be freed?
Is AIM good or bad?
What is the Indian Child Welfare Act?
What is blood quantum, what is tribal enrollment, and how are they related?
How has tribal enrollment affected you personally?
How come some tribes ban the use and sale of alcohol?
Is there a solution to substance abuse in Indian country?
Do all Indians have drinking problems?
Why is there so much concern about mascots?
Why don't tribes do more to support language and culture?
Why are Indian politics often such a viper's pit?
Are tribes getting better?
Why do Indians have so many kids?
I heard that a lot of Indians serve in the U.S. military. How do they reconcile their service with the fact that the U.S. Army killed so many of their people?
How do Indians feel about the use of Geronimo as the code name for Osama Bin Laden?
Do Indians get a break on taxes, and if so, why?
Do Indians get a break on license plates?
Why should Indians be eligible for welfare if they are not taxed the same way as everyone else?
Are all Indians living in extreme poverty?
Are all Indians rich from casinos?
How has casino gambling affected Indian communities?
How have per capita payments affected Indian communities?
What is the future of Indian gaming?
What should tribes be doing to improve the economic condition of their citizens?
What were federal residential boarding schools?
How come 50 percent of-Indians are flunking their state-mandated tests in English and math?
Is there anything that works in the effort to bridge the achievement gap?
How does No Child Left Behind affect Indian country?
Do all Indians have a free ride to college?
Perspectives: Coming to Terms and Future Directions 146
Why are Indians so often imagined rather than understood?
As a white person, I don't feel privileged. So what do Indians mean by that term?
Why don't tribes solve their own problems?
All these problems are not my fault. Why should I be asked to atone for the sins of my ancestors?
Is there anything wrong with saying that some of my best friends are Indians?
Is there something wrong with saying that my great-grandmother was a Cherokee princess?
I might have some Indian ancestry. How do I find out?
Why is that picture End of the Trail so popular in Indian country?
Regarding casinos and treaty rights, I'm not racist, but it doesn't seem fair to me. What's wrong with that line of thinking?
I'm not racist, but it all happened in the past. Why can't Indians just move on?
Why do Indian people often seem angry?
Do Indians ever work together?
What are some good books to read about Indians?
Are there any good Indian movies?
Have you ever been the object of direct racial discrimination?
You're a testament to your race. How did you turn out so good?
How can I learn more?
Conclusion: Finding Ways to Make a Difference 159
How can I help?
Recommended Reading 167
Illustration Credits 191
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Where do I begin. Read the book. It is written from a Native American prospective. I am a non-native american. I have known of some of the injustices done to native americans but I had my eyes opened regarding "white history." I think every educator should read this book. Come on America wake up.
I am a non-native person who grew up in the area that this author grew up in. I have seen from the other side the unfortunate divide in this area that he speaks about, regarding non-native and native peoples. I read this book in one sitting, I couldn't put it down. My only regret was that I was hoping for some more elaboration on some parents. My assumption as this was a bit intentional, to get people to educate themselves moe thoroughly. As someone who sees myself as fairly open-minded and aware, this was a true eye opener. I will definitely read his other books.
That is my fathers book.