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Teachers College Press
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Language Learners

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Language Learners

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This comprehensive and insightful book shows how present educational policies and practices to educate language minority students in the United States ignore an essential characteristic—their emergent bilingualism. Expanding on a popular report supported by the Campaign for Educational Equity (Teachers College), this accessible guide compiles the most up-to-date research findings to demonstrate how ignoring children’s bilingualism perpetuates inequities in their schooling. What makes this book truly useful is that it offers a thorough description of alternative practices that would transform our schools and students’ futures, such as building on students’ home languages and literacy practices in schools, curricular and pedagogical innovations, new approaches to parent and community engagement, and adoptive assessment tools.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807751138
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 09/24/2010
Series: Multicultural Foundations of Psychology and Counseling Series , #102
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword Jim Cummins ix

Acknowledgments xi

1 Introduction 1

Emergent Bilinguals 1

What's in a Name? 3

This Book 4

Study Questions 5

2 Who Are the Emergent Bilinguals? 6

How Do We Know Who They Are? 6

How Many Are There? 8

How Are They Designated? 11

How Are They Reclassified? 12

Where Do They Live and Go to School? 13

What Languages do they Speak? 15

What Are Their Demographic Characteristics? 16

Do They Live in Homes Where English Is Spoken? 19

What Are Their Language Skills in English and Their Home Languages? 19

Who Are the Latinos? 20

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Knowing Who They Are 21

Study Questions 21

3 Programs and Policies for Educating Emergent Bilinguals 23

Educational Programs for Emergent Bilinguals 23

A Brief History of Educational Policies for Emergent Bilinguals 28

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Understanding the Shifts in Programs and Policies 36

Study Questions 36

4 Language and Bilingualism: Theoretical Constructs and Empirical Evidence 37

Theoretical Language Constructs 37

Empirical Evidence on Achievement in Academic English 46

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Building on Dynamic Bilingualism 51

Study Questions 52

5 Language and Bilingualism: Practices 53

Inequitable Language/Literacy Practices 53

Alternative Language/Literacy Practices 58

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Incorporating Multilingual Pedagogies 68

Study Questions 68

6 Curriculum and Pedagogy 70

Theoretical Curricular and Pedagogical Constructs 71

Inequitable Curricular and Pedagogical Practices 76

Alternative Curricular and Pedagogical Practices 87

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Embracing Challenge and Care 90

Study Questions 90

7 Involving Parents and Communities 92

Research and Theories on Parental and Community Involvement 93

Inequitable Practices in Parental and Community Involvement 96

Alternative Approaches to Parent and Community Engagement 98

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Recreating the School Community 101

Study Questions 102

8 Assessments 103

Theoretical Constructs in Assessment 104

Inequitable Assessment Practices 108

Alternative Assessment Practices 111

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Accounting for Fair Assessment 117

Study Questions 117

9 Alternative Paths for Educating Emergent Bilinguals 119

What Have We Learned? 120

Signposts: Policy Recommendations 124

Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Alternative Paths 135

Notes 137

References 143

Index 165

About the Authors 179

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