Dialectic and Gospel in the Development of Hegel's Thinking

Dialectic and Gospel in the Development of Hegel's Thinking

by Stephen Crites

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Overview

Hegel came to maturity as a philosopher during the first years of the nineteenth century, developing through prodigious intellectual struggles a highly original conception of dialectic as a method for rationally comprehending traumatic historical change. At the same time, he continued a process begun earlier, of critical engagement with the Christian gospel and its historical ethos. Hegel spent much of his youth reacting against this drama and its cultural expression. By the time he published his early masterpiece, the Phenomenology of Spirit (1807), he had found an ingenious way of reconstructing it in counterpoint with his new dialectical understanding of historical experience.Dialectic and Gospel in the Development of Hegel's Thinking tells the story of this interplay as it develops in Hegel's thinking. It culminates in a fresh interpretation of the Phenomenology of Spirit and a detailed commentary on larger portions of the text relevant to that story. Its reading of the masterpiece is contextualized by three substantial chapters detailing the course of Hegel's reflections on Christian themes through the first thirty-five years of his life. These chapters are both biographical and textual, treating not only the philosopher's personal and intellectual development but also the major cultural influences that informed it. Hegel is seen to have begun as a child of the Enlightenment powerfully affected by the Romantic reaction to the Enlightenment who finds his way to his own position as a founding genius of German Idealism and its historical dialectic. His development is thus interpreted as an epitome of a major transformation in European intellectual history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780271027920
Publisher: Penn State University Press
Publication date: 06/05/2008
Pages: 490
Sales rank: 834,303
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 1.60(d)

About the Author

Stephen Crites is Hedding Professor of Moral Science and Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University. He is translator of Crisis in the Life of an Actress and Other Essays on Drama (1967) and author of In the Twilight of Christendom: Hegel vs. Kierkegaard on Faith and History (1972).

Table of Contents

Preface xi
I. PRELUDE: THE INTELLECTUAL AND RELIGIOUS CLIMATE OF HEGEL'S YOUTH
1(64)
1. The Model Pupil of Stuttgart
3(13)
2. Hegel As a Theological Student in Tubingen
16(11)
3. Hegel, Schelling, Holderlin, and the Winds of Doctrine
27(7)
4. The Emergence of German Idealism from Kantianism in the Early Intellectual Association of Hegel, Schelling, and Holderlin
34(31)
II. THE PROBLEM OF THE POSITIVITY OF THE GOSPEL IN HEGEL'S EARLY WRITINGS
65(78)
1. Toward a "Living" Folk Religion: Some Polarities
67(18)
Living versus Dead Religion
67(1)
"Religion" versus "Theology"
68(4)
Subjective versus Objective Religion
72(8)
Folk Religion versus Private Religion
80(5)
2. Hegel's Early Critique of Christianity
85(11)
3. A Young Kantian Attacks the "Positivity" of the Gospel
96(17)
4. The Life-Mysticism of a Young Anti-Kantian
113(11)
5. "Positivity" Reconsidered: A Transition to Historical Dialectic
124(19)
III. THE FORMATION OF HEGEL'S PHILOSOPHY IN JENA: RELIGIOUS CONFIGURATIONS
143(146)
1. Hegel's Philosophical Debut
143(7)
2. "Philosophy" versus "Un-Philosophy" in the Critical Writings, 1801-1803
150(16)
3. Speculative Good Friday: Negation and Transfiguration in the Critical Writings
166(31)
From the "Religion" of Frankfurt to the Jena "Philosophy"
166(5)
Transcendental Intuition: The Identity of Identity and Difference
171(4)
Rehabilitation of the Conception of Nature
175(3)
Schleiermacher's Speeches and Protestant Subjectivity
178(5)
The Eternal Incarnation
183(3)
Art/Religion and Speculation
186(2)
Negation: The Darkness of Identity
188(2)
A Dark Passage Illuminated: Commentary on the Conclusion of Glauben und Wissen
190(7)
4. Toward a System: The Jena Manuscripts
197(18)
Manuscripts of 1801-1803
199(2)
Manuscripts of 1803-1804
201(2)
Manuscripts of 1804-1805
203(7)
Manuscripts of 1805-1806
210(5)
5. Geist, Volk, and the Christian Religion in the Jena Manuscripts
215(74)
Toward a Speculative Doctrine of Divinity
215(5)
The Eternal Triangle
220(3)
The God of the Volk and the Deification of the Volk
223(5)
Spirit in the Volk and in World History
228(3)
Christianity Among the Religions
231(11)
The Absolute Religion
242(4)
Vorstellung and Its Limits
246(4)
The Structure of Philosophy of Spirit in the Realphilosophie
250(5)
Art, Religion, and Wissenschaft
255(7)
An Ambiguity in the System
262(27)
IV. "THE RECOLLECTION AND THE GOLGOTHA OF ABSOLUTE SPIRIT" IN HEGEL'S PHENOMENOLOGY
289(272)
1. The Unhappy Consciousness
289(14)
2. The Mythos of Hegel's Phenomenology: The Chapter on Self-Consciousness
303(9)
i. The Life Cycle
306(3)
ii. The Intelligent Predator
309(3)
Recognition and the Concept of Self-Consciousness
312(16)
iii. The Life and Death Struggle
316(4)
iv. The Surrender
320(1)
v. The Master and the Slave
321(2)
vi. The Self-Mastery of the Slave
323(5)
Is the Master-Slave Dialectic a Historical Paradigm?
328(26)
vii. Stoicism: The Contentment of Pure Thought
332(3)
viii. Skepticism: The Polemic of Thought Against Actuality
335(4)
ix. Unhappy Consciousness and the Problem of Hegel's Phenomenology
339(15)
3. A Synoptic View of the Phenomenology of Spirit
354(39)
On the Composition of the Phenomenology
354(10)
Notes on the Design of the Phenomenology
364(10)
The Phenomenology and the System
374(17)
Religion in the Phenomenology
391(2)
4. Religion Under the Conditions of Actual Spirit
393(52)
i. The Domestic, Subterranean Religion of the Ethical World
396(7)
ii. The Dissolution of the Ethical World and the Rise of Self-Alienated Spirit
403(13)
iii. Faith
416(15)
iv. The Religion of Conscience
431(10)
v. Religion Under the Conditions of Actual Spirit: Reprise
441(4)
5. The Religious Recognition of Absolute Spirit
445(72)
i. Dumb Awe: Natural Religion
453(5)
ii. The Religious Spirit Finds Its Voice in Art
458(14)
iii. The Comic Denouement of Art-Religion and Its Aufhebung in Revelatory Religion
472(13)
iv. Revelatory Religion in Concept and in Representation
485(12)
v. The Christian Mythos and the Hegelian Myth of the Self: The Gospel Reinterpreted
497(1)
The Trinity
498(2)
Creation
500(1)
The Fall
501(3)
Incarnation
504(2)
Christ's Death and Resurrection
506(6)
The Indwelling of the Spirit
512(5)
6. Inconclusions
517(44)
i. Recognition and the Spiritual Self: The I That is a We
521(5)
ii. Language and the Concept
526(5)
iii. The Concept in Time and the Concept Recollected
531(9)
iv. "The Recollection and the Golgotha of Absolute Spirit"
540(21)
Bibliography of Selected Secondary Sources: Twentieth-Century Studies on the Phenomenology of Spirit and the Early Hegel 561(4)
Index 565

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