The riveting account of how one brigade turned Iraq's most violent city into a model of stability
Colonel Sean MacFarland's brigade arrived in Iraq's deadliest city with simple instructions: pacify Ramadi without destroying it. The odds were against him from the start. In fact, few thought he would succeed. Ramadi had been going steadily downhill. By 2006, insurgents roamed freely in many parts of the city in open defiance of Iraq's U.S.-backed government. Al-Qaeda had boldly declared Ramadi its capital. Even the U.S. military acknowledged the province would be the last to be pacified.
A lanky officer with a boyish face, MacFarland was no Patton. But his soft voice masked an iron will and a willingness to take risks. While most of the American military was focused on taming Baghdad, MacFarland laid out a bold plan for Ramadi. His soldiers would take on the insurgents in their own backyard. He set up combat outposts in the city's most dangerous neighborhoods. Snipers roamed the dark streets, killing al-Qaeda leaders and terrorist cells. U.S. tanks rumbled down the streets, firing point blank into buildings occupied by insurgents. MacFarland's brigade engaged in some of the bloodiest street fighting of the war. Casualties on both sides mounted. Al-Qaeda wasn't going to give up easily. Ramadi was too important. MacFarland wasn't going to back down either.
The two sides had fought to a stalemate.
At least until Sheik Abdul Sattar Bezia al-Rishawi emerged. A minor tribal leader, Sheik Sattar had earned his reputation as a smuggler. He carried a large six-shooter on his hip and had a taste for whiskey. But he hated al-Qaeda and was watching MacFarland's brigade as they battled militants toe-to-toe. This was a different group of Americans, Sattar thought. Sattar approached MacFarland and said he was ready to join with the Americans and fight al-Qaeda. Other officers might have kept their distance. MacFarland didn't hesitate. He promised Sattar his support.
What followed was one of history's unlikeliest -- and most successful -- partnerships. Together, the Americans and Sattar's growing band of fighters drove al-Qaeda from Ramadi. A Chance in Hell is compelling tale of combat leadership and how a handful of men turned the tide of war at a time when it looked most hopeless.
|Publisher:||St. Martin's Press|
|File size:||660 KB|
About the Author
JIM MICHAELS is a military writer for USA Today and an experienced war correspondent, who has made dozens of reporting trips to Iraq, Afghanistan and other war zones. A former U.S. Marine infantry officer, he lives in Falls Church, Virginia.
JIM MICHAELS is a military writer for USA Today and an experienced war correspondent, who has made dozens of reporting trips to Iraq, Afghanistan and other war zones. He is the author of A Chance in Hell. A former U.S. Marine infantry officer, he lives in Falls Church, Virginia.
Read an Excerpt
Chance in Hell
The Men Who Triumphed Over Iraq's Deadliest City and Turned the Tide of War
By Jim Michaels
St. Martin's PressCopyright © 2010 Jim Michaels
All rights reserved.
Behold, as may unworthiness define,
A little touch of Harry in the night.
The doors opened, spilling a pool of yellow light into the darkness. Four stretcher bearers came out with the remains of Private First Class Brett Tribble, zipped into a black plastic body bag. The soldiers stood in two ranks, lining the gravel road in front of the makeshift morgue—a plywood building equipped with extra air conditioners to keep the bodies cool. First Sgt. David Shaw called the men to attention and the soldiers saluted as the stretcher bearers moved slowly down the ranks. It was silent, except for the scrape of the litter-bearers’ boots against the gravel road.
Capt. Artie Maxwell, the battalion chaplain, recited the Twenty-third Psalm: “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death . . .” The stretcher bearers—four noncommissioned officers from Tribble’s company—placed his body carefully in the back of a waiting field ambulance. The two ranks then closed into one and formed a pro cession behind the ambulance, which turned left and drove slowly toward the helicopter landing zone, about a hundred yards away. Small green chemlites placed on the side of the road marked the path dimly.
The drone of the helicopters grew deafening as the birds approached the landing zone. A pair of Marine Corps CH-46s closed in, their gray drab airframes barely lighter than the dark sky. In 2006, most helicopters in Anbar Province flew at night with their running lights off to avoid ground fire. They didn’t remain on the ground long. The camp was often the target of enemy rocket and mortar fire. The helicopters hovered briefly and then settled on the sand, squatting in the darkness as their blades continued to turn, violently stirring the warm air and sending out a blast of small rocks and debris. Guided by the helicopter’s helmeted crew chief, the stretcher bearers crouched and moved through the rotor wash toward the back of the bird, carefully placing Tribble’s remains on board and then walking off the landing zone. The soldiers came to attention and saluted a last time. The ramp closed, the engines whined, and the helicopters hesitated briefly before climbing, kicking up another blast of debris in their wake and forcing the soldiers to turn their heads away.
The aircraft climbed until they were swallowed by the darkness.
Tribble was raised in a small town south of Houston and his parents made a living off the chemical plants that cluster along the Gulf Coast. His mother worked in an office as an expediter and his father as a pipe fabricator. They divorced when he was thirteen, and Tribble and his two brothers were raised by his mom.
At age fourteen he was in a car with two buddies. One of them poked his upper body through the car’s sunroof and fired a .38 pistol at the home of a girl who had jilted him. For Tribble it was the beginning of a troubled period during which he was in and out of juvenile detention facilities. He had spent so much time in juvenile detention he couldn’t fit back into high school. He tried his hand at pipe fitting work with his dad and enrolled for a time in welder’s school. Neither worked.
At seventeen, he found himself without a job or a high school diploma—and with a pregnant girlfriend who wasn’t sure she wanted to stay with him.
His mother, Tracy Tribble, came home from work and found him lying on his bed, crying.
“Mom, I don’t know what I’m going to do.”
It was odd. He wasn’t one to express his feelings. His mother figured he had got a glimpse of his future and had panicked. Pending fatherhood had focused his mind.
His mother suggested the army. She had read about the military and how it provided direction and discipline to young men without either. “Let them show you the world,” she said. “Let them pay for your education.”
He said nothing.
Several months later, Tribble told his mother he had enlisted in the U.S. Army. The recruiter had worked to have some of the felonies on his record dropped to misdemeanors and he was off to basic training.
He returned a changed person. He had lost the chip on his shoulder and seemed more at ease, less angry. His mother hoped the changes were for good. Tribble signed up for the infantry even though his recruiter told him there were lots of other options in the army. He was good at infantry skills and the army meant steady pay.
His mom, stepmother, and brother Clint drove to Fort Benning, Georgia, to see him graduate from infantry training. Tracy Tribble choked back tears as she watched the band, the cannon fire, and the rest of the pageantry.
Tribble received orders to a battalion in Germany that was getting ready for another Iraq tour. It was his first time on a plane and he landed wide-eyed in Europe. The base was huge, with all the comforts of an American town. He and his friends explored the country. He told his mom about taking a train ride and eating in a restaurant that was hundreds of years old.
“You ought to see this place,” he told her over the phone.
“I need to get promoted so I can be making some money for my boy,” Tribble told his friend, Jason Dickerson, a medic.
He had an easy personality that drew people to him and he was good at what he did. He had found a home.
His battalion was sent to Kuwait, where it served as part of the “strategic reserve.” It wouldn’t go to Iraq unless things were going bad.
The Pentagon had expected a short war to overthrow Saddam’s regime. By 2006 America was faced with a growing insurgency and sectarian violence that threatened to engulf Iraq in a civil war. The military, which had shrunk dramatically after the cold war, was struggling to come up with enough troops to deal with the twin challenges in Iraq.
In 2006, Gen. George Casey, the top U.S. commander in Iraq, decided to commit his reserves to the fight. He had no choice. Things were spiraling out of control. Tribble’s battalion, 1-35 Armor, would go to Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar Province and the heart of the Sunni insurgency. Tribble and his friends had followed the news while in Kuwait. They had seen the television images from Ramadi. They knew it was Iraq’s deadliest city.
Tribble’s mom took his call at work. She rushed into the company cafeteria where she could talk privately. Her son told her they were in a really bad area. He couldn’t say more.
Tribble had been in Iraq less than a week when he volunteered to man the gunner’s hatch on a night patrol planned for Ramadi’s Tameem neighborhood, one of the city’s worst areas. He was supposed to be a “dismount,” meaning he would sit in the back of the vehicle and only get out when required for a foot patrol. Tribble asked if he could be a gunner instead. Dismounts were little more than passengers until action happened. Standing in the gunner’s hatch with your body partially exposed was more dangerous. That’s where Tribble wanted to be.
Sgt. Tom Davis, the squad leader, and Dickerson were leaning over a map spread on the hood of a Humvee, going over that evening’s patrol. Tribble came over and draped his arm over Dickerson and peered at the map. Dickerson could tell he was excited.
“I’m gunning to night,” Tribble said with a grin.
Dickerson, twenty-two, was less gung ho. He had had a previous combat tour in Baghdad. As a medic, his job forced him to dwell on war’s ugly side. When the unit was in Kuwait, Lt. Col. John Farr, the battalion doctor, called the medics into a meeting in a large tent when they learned they were heading to Ramadi.
“You guys are going to the most dangerous city in the most dangerous country in the world right now,” Farr told them. “You’re going to see combat.”
Dickerson was in no hurry to get back to Iraq.
The patrol rolled out of Camp Ramadi at about 9 P.M., with three Humvees and two Bradleys, large heavily armored vehicles. The Bradleys went off and established fixed checkpoints in the darkened streets and the Humvees rolled farther into Tameem. A Humvee with National Guard soldiers from the unit they were replacing accompanied the patrol for part of the way, but they also moved off to set up a checkpoint. It was their last night patrolling the city before heading home. They didn’t want to take unnecessary risks and they were in a hurry to get out of Ramadi. Tribble’s battalion had just arrived in Iraq from Kuwait and hadn’t even officially taken over the “battle space” yet.
The military calls this kind of handoff a “relief in place,” and it is considered one of the most dangerous operations a unit can perform. It thickens the fog of war as a new group attempts to step into the role of the departing unit while the enemy continues attacking.
That left the new men to feel their way along unfamiliar streets. Davis and his men frequently checked maps inside their darkened vehicles, trying to identify what roads were passable and what routes they had been warned to avoid.
It had been a long day for the new men, who had been working in the hot sun since 7 A.M. The soldiers had been scrambling since they had arrived from Kuwait. The company had received some Humvees from another unit and had to inspect each one. They had to bolt additional armor onto the Bradleys. Then during last-minute checks, they discovered that there were problems with the radios. Davis had communication with the other Humvees in his patrol, but only sporadically with his platoon leader. Patrols had to be on the streets 24/7. There was no way they could pause for several days to get their bearings.
Davis had had a previous tour in Baghdad and noticed the difference as soon as he landed in Ramadi. In Baghdad, children would wave at patrols. Even adults would occasionally smile at American soldiers.
“I had seen what it was like when people actually liked us,” Davis said.
Ramadi was different. The streets were piled with trash and cratered in places by roadside bombs. Buildings were pockmarked or crumbling. This looked like a combat zone; like a city under siege.
“As soon as you turned the corner and walked down a street, people scattered like something bad was going to happen or they just didn’t want to be around you.”
Even women on the streets shot hostile looks or glared as the Americans patrolled the streets. There were no friendlies.
“No one even wanted to spit in your direction,” Davis said.
The darkened Humvees were driving by an apartment complex when one of the soldiers reported seeing a man hunkered down and observing the patrol. He could have been a roadside bomb triggerman or an observer who would alert insurgents to an approaching American patrol. There was a strict nighttime curfew and under the rules of engagement a man out at night tracking an American patrol could be considered hostile. The patrol fired a burst from a machine gun, but the man slipped back into the shadows.
The patrol rolled on, the men feeling their way through Ramadi’s strange streets.
Davis felt uneasy in the lead vehicle. It was his first night patrol since arriving in Ramadi. He pulled over and let a sergeant who knew the roads better take the lead. That sergeant took a wrong turn, backed up, and the patrol resumed behind him. Dickerson was driving the last vehicle, following Davis. The unfamiliar streets looked eerie through the night vision scope, which casts everything in a dim green tint.
“Man, I do not like these streets,” said Cpl. Alonzo Epps, who was riding in the Humvee with Dickerson.
Dickerson kept his eyes on the road. There is a balance between staying hyperaware of your surroundings and freaking out.
“If you think about shit too long it starts getting to you,” is the way Dickerson puts it.
But Dickerson was also having a hard time keeping the uneasy feelings at bay.
“I don’t know where the hell we are right now,” he told Epps.
The patrol turned right. There were piles of trash on the road. To the left were homes and to the right a brick wall surrounding a schoolyard. The street ended in a T-intersection. The first vehicle turned left. Davis’s vehicle approached the intersection and was about to turn.
It was not a sharp, loud explosion, but a deep percussion that shook the earth. That’s how Dickerson knew it was bad. The smaller roadside bombs are louder. This one was buried deep in the ground and the blast was directed upward into the Humvee’s vulnerable underside. Davis’s Humvee with Tribble in the turret took the blast full on, sending the vehicle two stories high before it flipped over backward and crashed on to the street in front of Dickerson. The harsh thud of the five-ton vehicle hitting the concrete road was louder than the explosion. A mushroom cloud of dust and debris rose from the road where the roadside bomb had been.
Dickerson was right behind the Humvee. He didn’t bother hitting the brakes. He threw the vehicle into park, grabbed his equipment bag, pushed open the heavy door, and sprinted toward the Humvee, which lay upside down in front of him. Dickerson had been trained to check for “secondary” bombs that are sometimes placed by insurgents to kill or maim people who rush to the scene of an attack. Using a flashlight, he slowed down and scanned the side of the road as he approached the Humvee.
When he reached the vehicle he saw that the Humvee lay across Tribble’s lower body. His eyes were closed, but he was taking short raspy breaths. His face was blue. Tribble was taking his last breaths.
The passenger side door was blown off or broke off when it hit the ground. Davis was lying upside down in the vehicle, moaning. His face was bloody and his nose was swollen. Dickerson ran his flashlight over him to assess his injuries. There was a lot of blood around his left leg, but he would have to get the sergeant out of the Humvee to look at it.
Dickerson then poked his head into the vehicle and yelled, “Somebody talk to me!”
Pvt. 1st Class Adam Hailey was in the driver’s seat, but couldn’t get out.
“Doc!” Hailey screamed. “Get me the fuck out of here!”
Dickerson also needed to get Davis out quick. The lights and noise were sure to attract insurgents eager to take potshots at the Americans gathered at the intersection. But Davis was wrapped in the seat belt and squeezed amid the wreckage of the Humvee. The job was made even more difficult because Dickerson had to reach across a large crater where the bomb had detonated. Finally, Dickerson jumped into the hole and grabbed Davis under the arms.
“Sergeant Davis, you’re going to have to take your right leg and give the biggest kick you can,” Dickerson told him.
Davis pushed with his right leg, pulling free from the Humvee and landing on top of Dickerson in the bomb crater. The crater was filling with water from a broken pipe.
Dickerson dragged Davis out of the hole and looked at his leg. His knee was mostly gone. His leg was still attached, but Dickerson saw little hope that it could be saved. He had a broken hand and nose and a dislocated arm. Dickerson was worried that Davis had other injuries that he couldn’t see with his flashlight.
Davis was conscious and began asking Dickerson a series of questions. He wanted to know if the men in his squad were okay. As Dickerson frantically examined Davis’s wounds and applied a tourniquet above his left knee, Davis demanded to know if the equipment in the Humvee was secured. Soldiers are trained to secure or destroy any sensitive equipment to ensure it doesn’t fall into the enemy’s hands.
Excerpted from A Chance in Hell by Jim Michaels.
Copyright Â© 2010 by Jim Michaels.
Published in 2010 by St. Martin's Press.
All rights reserved. This work is protected under copyright laws and reproduction is strictly prohibited. Permission to reproduce the material in any manner or medium must be secured from the Publisher.
Excerpted from Chance in Hell by Jim Michaels. Copyright © 2010 Jim Michaels. Excerpted by permission of St. Martin's Press.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Jim Michaels' contribution to the growing collection of contemporary novels factually chronicling the successes of our Soldiers should be read by anyone that is heading to Iraq or Afghanistan as well as any military enthusiast that wants to see what right looks like. Colonel Sean MacFarland and his Battalion Commanders created their own solution in the "Wild West" of An Anbar Province. My colleague and fellow Armor officer, Lieutenant Colonel Tony Deane ran into me just before we both went North of the berm into Iraq. I served in the next province to the South, Najaf. To our South, the British command was the model in April, 2006, while Tony went North into Hell. As Jim Michaels describes, however, the situation changed dramatically in September, 2006. We had just handed over our Forward Operating Base to our Iraqi counterparts, just as the Brits did down South - and then the security situation took a turn for the worse. It was during this time that the First Brigade, First Armored Division took the lead and started turning things around. It is no surprise that what they did became the blue print for all contentious areas. Jim accurately describes their command relationships, those who supported them and those who were skeptical, as well as Tony Deane's portrayal of cultural awareness consisted of briefs noting that you don't show Iraqis the soles of your feet - and they developed their own Tactics, Techniques and Procedures resulting in mission success. It was truly amazing, bold and audacious, the personification of Armor - Combat Arm of Decision. Readers will get a chance to see how this plan was developed and successfully executed - along with the pain involved. You will feel how it was to be on the ground in a real-time/real world situation with minimal guidance and doctrine to follow. History in the making - anyone who wants to learn about contemporary military operations must read this.