CCNA Data Center DCICN 200-150 Official Cert Guide

CCNA Data Center DCICN 200-150 Official Cert Guide

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Overview

Cisco Data Center DCICN 200-150 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press allows you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. Cisco Data Center experts Chad Hintz, Cesar Obediente, and Ozden Karakok share preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills.

This complete study package includes

  • A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exam
  • Do I Know This Already? quizzes, which allows you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section
  • Chapter-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly
  • The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions customization options, and detailed performance reports
  • A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies
  • Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time

Well-regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.

The official study guide helps you master topics on the CCNA 200-150 exam, including the following:

  • Nexus data center infrastructure and architecture
  • Networking models, Ethernet LANs, and IPv4/IPv6 addressing/routing
  • Data center Nexus switching and routing fundamentals
  • Nexus switch installation and operation
  • VLANs, trunking, STP, and Ethernet switching
  • IPv4 and IPv6 subnetting
  • IPv4 routing concepts, protocols, configuration, and access control
  • Data center storage networking technologies and configurations

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781587205965
Publisher: Cisco Press
Publication date: 01/31/2017
Series: Official Cert Guide Series
Pages: 960
Sales rank: 1,182,633
Product dimensions: 7.60(w) x 9.20(h) x 2.10(d)

About the Author

Chad Hintz, CCIE No. 15729, is a Principal Systems Engineer for the Cisco Commercial East Area focusing on designing enterprise solutions for customers around the Cisco data center technologies. He also holds three CCIEs: Routing and Switching, Security, and Storage. He has more than 15+ years of experience in the industry and has held certifications from Novell, VMware, and Cisco. His focus is working with enterprise/commercial customers to address their challenges with comprehensive end-to-end data center architectures. Chad has been with Cisco for 11 years, and working as a solution architect has provided unique experiences in building these types of solutions. Chad is a regular speaker at Cisco Live and industry conferences on data center technologies. Chad lives near Buffalo, New York, with his wife and two wonderful children, and enjoys coaching youth sports in his spare time. You can reach Chad on Twitter: @chadh0517.

Cesar Obediente, CCIE No. 5620, is a Principal Systems Engineer for Cisco Global Enterprise Segment specializing in the Data Center area, where he helps customers design and build their next-generation data centers. He has been with Cisco Systems for over 17 years, where he began his career in the Technical Assistant Center (TAC) and then moved to the Catalyst 6500 Escalation Business Unit Team, supporting multicast in the Cat6K platform. Cesar is a frequent speaker at Cisco Live and Data Center events. He holds a CCIE in routing and switching and holds a degree in computer engineering from the University of South Florida. You can reach Cesar on Twitter: @cobedien.

Ozden Karakok, CCIE No. 6331, is a technical leader from the Data Center Products and Technologies team in the Technical Assistant Center (TAC). She has been with Cisco Systems for 17 years and specializes in storage area and data center networks. Prior to joining Cisco, Ozden spent five years working for a number of Cisco’s large customers in various telecommunication roles. She is a Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert in routing and switching, SNA/IP, and storage. A frequent speaker at Cisco and data center events, she serves as a member of the patent committee at Cisco Services. Ozden holds a degree in computer engineering from Istanbul Bogazici University. Currently, she is focused on application centric infrastructure (ACI) and software-defined storage (SDS). You can reach Ozden on Twitter: @okarakok.

Table of Contents

Introduction xxx

About the Exam xxx

CCNA Data Center and the Other CCNA Certifications xxx

The Exams That Help You Achieve CCNA Data Center Certification xxxi

Types of Questions on the Exams xxxi

What’s on the DCICN Exam? xxxii

About the Book xxxvi

Book Features and Exam Preparation Methods xxxvi

Book Organization, Chapters, and Appendixes xxxvii

Companion Website xl

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test Engine and Questions xli

Install the Software xli

Activate and Download the Practice Exam xlii

Activating Other Exams xlii

Assessing Exam Readiness xliii

Premium Edition eBook and Practice Tests xliv

For More Information xliv

Part I Networking Fundamentals 3

CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Nexus Data Center Infrastructure and Architecture 5

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 5

Foundation Topics 8

Evolution of Data Center Architecture 8

Describe the Cisco Nexus Product Family 10

Cisco Nexus 9000 Family 11

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Product Family 22

Cisco Nexus 6000 Product Family 42

Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Product Family 47

Cisco Nexus 5600 Product Family 53

Cisco Nexus 3000 Product Family 57

Cisco Nexus 2000 Fabric Extenders Product Family 62

The Server Evolution 67

Summary 81

Exam Preparation Tasks 82

Review All Key Topics 82

Define Key Terms 83

Chapter 2 The TCP/IP and OSI Networking Models 85

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 85

Foundation Topics 88

Perspectives on Networking 88

TCP/IP Networking Model 89

History Leading to TCP/IP 90

Overview of the TCP/IP Networking Model 91

TCP/IP Application Layer 93

TCP/IP Transport Layer 94

TCP/IP Network Layer 96

TCP/IP Link Layer (Data Link Plus Physical) 100

TCP/IP Model and Terminology 102

OSI Networking Model 104

Comparing OSI and TCP/IP 104

Describing Protocols by Referencing the OSI Layers 105

OSI Layers and Their Functions 105

OSI Layering Concepts and Benefits 107

OSI Encapsulation Terminology 108

Exam Preparation Tasks 109

Review All Key Topics 109

Definitions of Key Terms 109

Chapter 3 Fundamentals of Ethernet LANs 111

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 111

Foundation Topics 114

An Overview of LANs 114

Typical SOHO LANs 114

Typical Enterprise Campus LANs 115

Typical Data Center Ethernet LAN 116

The Variety of Ethernet Physical Layer Standards 117

Consistent Behavior over All Links Using the Ethernet Data Link Layer 118

Building Physical Ethernet Networks with UTP 119

Transmitting Data Using Twisted Pairs 119

Breaking Down a UTP Ethernet Link 120

UTP Cabling Pinouts for 10BASE-T and 100BASE-T 122

UTP Cabling Pinouts for 1000BASE-T 125

Sending Data in Ethernet Networks 126

Ethernet Data-Link Protocols 126

Sending Ethernet Frames with Switches and Hubs 130

Traffic Storm Control in Ethernet Networks 133

Exam Preparation Tasks 135

Review All Key Topics 135

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 135

Definitions of Key Terms 135

Chapter 4 Fundamentals of IPv4 Addressing and Routing 137

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 137

Foundation Topics 140

Overview of Network Layer Functions 140

Network Layer Routing (Forwarding) Logic 140

How Network Layer Routing Uses LANs and WANs 142

IP Addressing and How Addressing Helps IP Routing 143

Routing Protocols 144

IPv4 Addressing 145

Rules for IP Addresses 146

Rules for Grouping IP Addresses 146

IP Subnetting 151

IPv4 Routing 153

IPv4 Host Routing 153

Router Forwarding Decisions and the IP Routing Table 153

IPv4 Routing Protocols 156

Other Network Layer Features 158

Using Names and the Domain Name System 158

The Address Resolution Protocol 159

ICMP Echo and the ping Command 161

Exam Preparation Tasks 162

Review All the Key Topics 162

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 162

Definitions of Key Terms 162

Part I Review 165

Part II Data Center Nexus Switching and Routing Fundamentals 167

Chapter 5 Installing and Operating Nexus Switches 169

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 169

Foundation Topics 171

Accessing the Cisco Nexus Switch CLI 171

Cisco Nexus Switches and the 5500 Switch 171

Accessing the Cisco NX-OS CLI 171

User Settings 177

The debug and show Commands 181

Introduction to Cisco NX-OS 181

Software Modularity in Cisco NX-OS 182

Service Restart in Cisco NX-OS 183

Software High Availability in Cisco NX-OS 184

Cisco NX-OS Licensing 185

Cisco NX-OS and Cisco IOS Comparison 186

Configuring Cisco NX-OS Software 187

Configuration Submodes and Contexts 187

Storing Switch Configuration Files 189

Copying and Erasing Configuration Files 191

Initial Configuration (Setup Mode) 193

NX-OS Version and Other Reload Facts 194

Exam Preparation Tasks 196

Review All Key Topics 196

Definitions of Key Terms 196

Command References 196

Chapter 6 VLAN and Trunking Concepts 199

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 199

Foundation Topics 202

Virtual LANs and VLAN Trunks 202

Creating Multiswitch VLANs Using Trunking 203

The 802.1Q and ISL VLAN Trunking Protocols 205

Forwarding Data Between VLANs 206

Routing Packets Between VLANs with a Router 207

Routing Packets with a Layer 3 Switch 209

VLAN Trunking Protocol 210

VTP Functions 210

Making VTP Work with VTP Servers and Clients 211

Disabling VTP 214

Summary of VTP Features 215

Exam Preparation Tasks 217

Review All Key Topics 217

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 217

Definitions of Key Terms 217

Chapter 7 VLAN Trunking and Configuration 219

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 219

Foundation Topics 221

VLAN Configuration and Verification 221

VLAN Guidelines for Cisco Nexus Switches 221

Creating VLANs and Assigning Access VLANs to an Interface 222

VLAN Trunking Configuration and Verification 225

Controlling Which VLANs Can Be Supported on a Trunk 228

VTP Configuration and Verification 232

VTP Features 232

Enabling VTP 232

VTP Features 234

Limiting VTP Using Pruning 235

VTP Pruning 236

Exam Preparation Tasks 237

Review All Key Topics 237

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 237

Chapter 8 Spanning Tree Protocol Concepts 241

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 241

Foundation Topics 244

Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802.1D) 244

The Need for Spanning Tree 244

What IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Does 246

How Spanning Tree Works 248

Influencing and Changing the STP Topology 255

Optional STP Features 259

Port-Channel 260

PortFast 260

BPDU Guard 261

Rapid STP (IEEE 802.1w) 261

RSTP and the Alternate (Root) Port 262

RSTP States and Processes 264

Exam Preparation Tasks 266

Review All the Key Topics 266

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 266

Definitions of Key Terms 267

Chapter 9 Cisco Nexus Spanning Tree Protocol Implementation 269

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 269

Foundation Topics 272

STP Configuration and Verification 272

Connecting STP Concepts to STP Configuration Options 273

Verifying STP Operation 276

Improving STP Operation 279

Configuring STP Port Costs 279

Configuring Priority to Influence the Root Election 281

Spanning-Tree Port Types 283

Configuring PortFast and BPDU Guard 283

Configuring Port-Channel 285

Troubleshooting Port-Channel 288

Exam Preparation Tasks 292

Review All the Key Topics 292

Definitions of Key Terms 292

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 292

Chapter 10 Configuring Ethernet Switching 297

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 297

Foundation Topics 299

Configuration of Features in Common on All Nexus Switches 299

Securing the Switch CLI 299

Nexus Switch Configuration and Operation 304

Switched Virtual Interface Concept Inside a Switch 305

Configuring IPv4 on a Cisco Nexus Switch 305

Verifying IPv4 on a Switch 306

Configuring Switch Interfaces 306

Securing Unused Switch Interfaces 308

Predicting the Contents of the MAC Address Table 308

Exam Preparation Tasks 311

Review All Key Topics 311

Definitions of Key Terms 311

Command References 311

Part II Review 315

Part III IPv4/IPv6 Subnetting 317

Chapter 11 Perspectives on IPv4 Subnetting 319

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 319

Foundation Topics 322

Introduction to Subnetting 322

Subnetting Defined Through a Simple Example 322

Operational View Versus Design View of Subnetting 323

Analyze Subnetting and Addressing Needs 324

Rules About Which Hosts Are in Which Subnet 324

Subnet Rules with Layer 3 Switches 325

Determine the Number of Subnets 326

Determine the Number of Hosts per Subnet 328

One Size Subnet Fits All (Or Not) 329

Make Design Choices 331

Choose a Classful Network 332

Choose the Mask 335

Build a List of All Subnets 340

Plan the Implementation 341

Assign Subnets to Different Locations 341

Choose Static and Dynamic Ranges per Subnet 342

Exam Preparation Tasks 343

Review All the Key Topics 343

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 343

Definitions of Key Terms 343

Chapter 12 Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks 345

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 345

Foundation Topics 347

Classful Network Concepts 347

IPv4 Network Classes and Related Facts 347

Actual Class A, B, and C Networks 348

Number of Hosts per Network 350

Deriving the Network ID and Related Numbers 351

Unusual Network IDs and Network Broadcast Addresses 353

Practice with Classful Networks 353

Practice Deriving Key Facts Based on an IP Address 354

Practice Remembering the Details of Address Classes 355

Additional Practice 355

Exam Preparation Tasks 356

Review All Key Topics 356

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 356

Definitions of Key Terms 356

Practice 356

Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 356

Answers to Practice Problem 7 (from Table 12-5) 357

Answers to Practice Problem 8 (from Table 12-5) 358

Answers to Practice Problem 9 (from Table 12-5) 358

Chapter 13 Analyzing Subnet Masks 361

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 361

Foundation Topics 364

Subnet Mask Conversion 364

Three Mask Formats 364

Converting Between Binary and Prefix Masks 365

Converting Between Binary and DDN Masks 365

Converting Between Prefix and DDN Masks 367

Practice Converting Subnet Masks 368

Identifying Subnet Design Choices Using Masks 369

Masks Divide the Subnet’s Addresses into Two Parts 370

Masks and the Class Divide Addresses into Three Parts 371

Classless and Classful Addressing 372

Calculations Based on the IPv4 Address Format 372

Practice Analyzing Subnet Masks 374

Exam Preparation Tasks 376

Review All the Key Topics 376

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 376

Definitions of Key Terms 376

Practice 376

Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 377

Chapter 14 Analyzing Existing Subnets 381

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 381

Foundation Topics 384

Defining a Subnet 384

An Example with Network 172.16.0.0 and Four Subnets 384

Subnet ID Concepts 385

Subnet Broadcast Address 386

Range of Usable Addresses 387

Analyzing Existing Subnets: Binary 387

Finding the Subnet ID: Binary 388

Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Binary 389

Binary Practice Problems 390

Shortcut for the Binary Process 392

Brief Note About Boolean Math 393

Finding the Range of Addresses 394

Analyzing Existing Subnets: Decimal 394

Analysis with Easy Masks 394

Predictability in the Interesting Octet 395

Finding the Subnet ID: Difficult Masks 396

Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Difficult Masks 399

Practice Analyzing Existing Subnets 400

A Choice: Memorize or Calculate 401

Additional Practice 401

Exam Preparation Tasks 402

Review All the Key Topics 402

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 402

Definitions of Key Terms 402

Practice 402

Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 402

Chapter 15 Fundamentals of IP Version 6 407

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 407

Foundation Topics 410

Introduction to IP Version 6 410

The Need and Effect of a New Internet Protocol 410

Introduction to IPv6 Addresses and Prefixes 412

Assigning Unique IPv6 Prefixes Across the Globe 417

IPv6 Addressing and Subnetting 419

Global Unicast Addresses and IPv6 Subnetting 419

Unique Local Unicast Addresses 423

Link Local Addresses 424

IPv6 Multicast Addresses 425

Miscellaneous IPv6 Addresses 426

Implementing IPv6 426

IPv6 Address Assignment 427

IPv6 Transition and Coexistence 431

Exam Preparation Tasks 433

Review All the Key Topics 433

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 433

Definitions of Key Terms 433

Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 433

Part III Review 437

Part IV IPv4 Routing 439

Chapter 16 IPv4 Routing Concepts 441

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 441

Foundation Topics 443

IP Routing 443

IPv4 Routing Process Reference 443

An Example of IP Routing 446

Internal Processing on Cisco Routers 450

Cisco Nexus Switch Operations with Routing 452

Exam Preparation Tasks 455

Review All the Key Topics 455

Definitions of Key Terms 455

Chapter 17 Cisco Nexus IPv4 Routing Configuration 457

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 457

Foundation Topics 459

Configuring Connected Routes on Cisco Nexus Switches 459

Direct and Local Routes and the ip address Command 459

Routing Between Subnets on VLANs 461

Configuring Static Routes 464

Static Route Configuration 464

Static Default Routes 466

Exam Preparation Tasks 467

Review All the Key Topics 467

Definitions of Key Terms 467

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 467

Chapter 18 IPv4 Routing Protocol Concepts 471

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 471

Foundation Topics 474

Introduction to Routing Protocols 474

History of Interior Gateway Protocols 474

Comparing IGPs 475

Distance Vector Basics 477

RIP Concepts and Operation 481

Features of Both RIPv1 and RIPv2 481

Differences Between RIPv1 and RIPv2 482

EIGRP Concepts and Operation 483

EIGRP Maintains Neighbor Status Using Hello 483

EIGRP Topology and the Metric Calculation 484

EIGRP Convergence 485

EIGRP Summary 487

Understanding the OSPF Link-State Routing Protocol 487

OSPF Comparisons with EIGRP 487

Building the OSPF LSDB and Creating IP Routes 488

Scaling OSPF Through Hierarchical Design 491

Exam Preparation Tasks 494

Review All the Key Topics 494

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 494

Definitions of Key Terms 494

Chapter 19 Nexus Routing Protocol Configuration 497

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 497

Foundation Topics 499

RIP Version 2 Configuration on NX-OS 502

EIGRP Configuration on NX-OS 507

OSPF Configuration on NX-OS 511

Exam Preparation Tasks 516

Review All the Key Topics 516

Definitions of Key Terms 516

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 516

Chapter 20 Nexus First-Hop Redundancy Protocols and Configurations 519

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 519

Foundation Topics 521

What Is the Default Gateway? 521

First-Hop Redundancy Protocol 525

Hot Standby Routing Protocol 525

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 532

Gateway Load Balancing Protocol 535

Virtual Port Channel and HSRP 537

Exam Preparation Tasks 539

Review All the Key Topics 539

Command References 539

Chapter 21 IPv4 Access Control Lists on Cisco Nexus Switches 541

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 541

Foundation Topics 544

IPv4 Access Control List Basics 544

ACL Location and Direction 544

Matching Packets 545

Taking Action when a Match Occurs 546

Types of IP ACLs 546

List Logic with IP ACLs 547

Matching Logic and Command Syntax 549

Matching TCP and UDP Port Numbers 549

Implementing Cisco Nexus IPv4 ACLs 553

Practice Cisco Nexus IPv4 ACLs 555

Practice Building access-list Commands 555

Authentication, Authorization & Accounting (AAA) Basics 556

Exam Preparation Tasks 557

Review All the Key Topics 557

Definitions of Key Terms 557

Appendix H Practice Problems 557

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 558

Part IV Review 561

Part V Data Center Storage Technologies 563

Chapter 22 Introduction to Storage and Storage Networking 565

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 565

Foundation Topics 568

What Is a Storage Device? 568

What Is Storage Area Network? 573

How to Access a Storage Device 575

Block-Level Protocols 576

File-Level Protocols 584

Putting It All Together 586

Storage Architectures 587

Scale-up and Scale-out Storage 587

Tiered Storage 588

SAN Design 590

SAN Design Considerations 592

SAN Topologies 597

Fibre Channel 601

FC-0: Physical Interface 602

FC-1: Encode/Decode 603

Fibre Channel Service Classes 606

FC-3: Common Services 609

Fibre Channel Addressing 609

Fibre Channel Link Services 611

Fibre Channel Fabric Services 613

FC-4: ULPs—Application Protocols 614

Fibre Channel—Standard Port Types 615

Virtual Storage Area Network 617

Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI) 621

Reference List 624

Exam Preparation Tasks 625

Review All Key Topics 625

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 627

Define Key Terms 627

Chapter 23 Advanced Data Center Storage 629

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 630

Foundation Topics 635

What Is Storage Virtualization? 635

How Storage Virtualization Works 636

Why Storage Virtualization? 636

What Is Being Virtualized? 637

Where Does the Storage Virtualization Occur? 655

Fibre Channel Zoning and LUN Masking 661

Device Aliases Versus Zone-Based (FC) Aliases 666

Where Do I Start Configuration? 668

The Cisco MDS NX-OS Setup Utility—Back to Basics 672

The Power On Auto Provisioning 681

Licensing Cisco MDS 9000 Family NX-OS Software Features 682

License Installation 683

Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Upgrade and Downgrade 689

Upgrading to Cisco NX-OS on an MDS 9000 Series Switch 691

Downgrading Cisco NX-OS Release on an MDS 9500 Series Switch 693

Configuring Interfaces 694

Graceful Shutdown 695

Port Administrative Speeds 696

Frame Encapsulation 696

Bit Error Thresholds 696

Local Switching 697

Dedicated and Shared Rate Modes 697

Slow Drain Device Detection and Congestion Avoidance 698

Management Interfaces 700

VSAN Interfaces 700

Verify Initiator and Target Fabric Login 703

VSAN Configuration 704

Port VSAN Membership 705

Fibre Channel Zoning 712

About Smart Zoning 714

About LUN Zoning and Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems 714

About Enhanced Zoning 715

VSAN Trunking and Setting Up ISL Port 724

Trunk Modes 726

Port Channel Modes 727

What Is Cisco Unified Fabric? 734

IEEE Data Center Bridging 740

Priority-based Flow Control: IEEE 802.1Qbb 742

Enhanced Transmission Selection: IEEE 802.1Qaz 745

Data Center Bridging Exchange Protocol: IEEE 802.1Qaz 747

Congestion Notification: IEEE 802.1Qau 748

Fibre Channel over Ethernet 749

FC and FCoE Address Mapping 756

FCoE VLANs 758

FCoE Initialization Protocol (FIP) 759

Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 763

Converged Network Adapter and Unified Ports 766

FCoE Topologies 770

Single-Hop FCoE Design 770

Multihop FCoE 774

FCoE NPV 777

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