The Cambridge Platonists were defenders of tolerance in the political as well as the moral sphere ; they held that practical j u d g e m e n t came down in the last instance to individual conscience ; and they laid the foundations of our modern conceptions of conscience and liberty. But at the same time they ma intained the existence of eternal truths , and of a Good-in-itself , identical with Truth and Being, refusing to admit that freedom of conscience i m p li e d moral relativism. They were critics of dogmatism, and of the sectarian notion of "enthusiasm" as a source of illumination , on the grounds that both were disruptive of social harmony; they pleaded the cause of reason , in the hope that it could become the foundation of all human knowledge . Yet , for all that , they ma intained that a certain sort of mystical illumination lay at the heart of all true thought , and that human reason had validity only in virtue of i t s divine origin . They debated with Des cartes and took a keen interest in his mech- ism and his dualism ; they brought the atomistic theories of Democritus back into repute; and they sought to provide a detailed account of the causality link ing all phenomena.
|Series:||International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives internationales d'histoire des idées , #150|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 1997|
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x 0.02(d)|
Table of ContentsAbbreviations. Introduction. I. The Other-Worldly Philosophers and the Real World: The Cambridge Platonists, Theology and Politics; G.A.J. Rogers. II. Liberté et vérité: Politique et morale dans la correspondance hollandaise de More et de Cudworth; L. Simonutti. III. Critique de Hobbes et fondement de la morale chez Cudworth; Y.-C. Zarka. IV. The Heritage of Patristic Platonism in Seventeenth-Century English Philosophical Theology; D. Dockrill. V. John Smith et le portique; J. Lagrée. VI. Cudworth, Boethius and the Scale of Nature; S. Hutton. VII. Ralph Cudworth, un platonisme paradoxal: La nature dans la Digression Concerning the Plastick Life of Nature; A. Petit. VIII. Schesis et relation: Du platonisme à l'empirisme; J.-M. Vienne. IX. The Role of Illuminism in the Thought of Henry More; R. Crocker. X. 'La nature est un art'. Le vitalisme de Cudworth et de More; J.-L. Breteau. XI. Force, Motion and Causality: More's Critique of Descartes; J. Cottingham. XII. Cudworth versus Descartes: Platonisme et sens commun dans la critique des Méditations; M. Baldi. XIII. Les différentes lectures du System de Cudworth par G.W. Leibniz; A. Robinet. XIV. Platonic Idealism in Modern Philosophy from Malebranche to Berkeley; S. Brown. Appendix: Additional Manuscript No. 4981 (On the Nature of Liberum Arbitrium) introduced by J.L. Breteau; R. Cudworth. Bibliography. Index. List of Contributors.