Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign LanguageT

Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign LanguageT

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The Test of English as a Foreign Language ™ (TOEFL®) is used by more
universities worldwide than any other test to assess English language
proficiency for academic admission and placement decisions, and to guide
English language instruction.

This landmark volume provides a detailed description and analysis of Educational Testing Service’s research and development efforts to develop a major revision of the TOEFL® test. The result is a book that serves as a case study of test design drawing upon theory in the complex domain of English language proficiency while attempting to meet standards of educational measurement.

Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ is distinctive in its attempt to develop a coherent story of the rationale for a test or its revision, explain the research and development process, and provide the results of the validation process. Through its treatment of one test, it expands on and tests principles and approaches to educational measurement, providing an in-depth, integrated perspective on the overall process of test revision. Moreover, because the conceptual foundation and history are presented alongside the empirical studies and validity argument, these sometimes disparate areas are presented in a way that demonstrates their connections – an approach which represents a departure from, or extension of, conventional materials on test revision.

This volume is particularly relevant for professionals and graduate students in educational measurement, applied linguistics, and second language acquisition as well as anyone interested in assessment issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781135602857
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 04/06/2011
Series: ESL & Applied Linguistics Professional Series
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 14
File size: 6 MB

About the Author

Carol A. Chapelle, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

Mary K. Enright, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey

Joan M. Jamieson, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona

Table of Contents



List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Test Score Interpretation and Use

Carol A. Chapelle, Mary K. Enright, and Joan M. Jamieson

Chapter 2. The Evolution of the TOEFL

Carol A. Taylor and Paul Angelis

Chapter 3. Frameworks for a New TOEFL

Joan M. Jamieson, Daniel Eignor, William Grabe, and Antony John Kunnan

Chapter 4 .Prototyping New Assessment Tasks

Mary K. Enright, Brent Bridgeman, Daniel Eignor, Robert N. Kantor, Pamela Mollaun, Susan Nissan, Donald E. Powers, and Mary Schedl

Chapter 5 Prototyping Measures of Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing

Mary K. Enright, Brent Bridgeman, Daniel Eignor, Yong-Won Lee, and Donald E. Powers

Chapter 6. Prototyping a New Test

Kristen Huff, Donald E. Powers, Robert N. Kantor, Pamela Mollaun, Susan Nissan, and Mary Schedl

Chapter 7. Finalizing the Test Blueprint

Mari Pearlman

Chapter 8. A Final Analysis

Lin Wang, Daniel Eignor, and Mary K. Enright

Chapter 9. The TOEFL Validity Argument

Carol A. Chapelle

Appendix A. 1995 Working Assumptions That Underlie an Initial TOEFL 2000 Design Framework

Appendix B. Summary of 1995 Research Recommendations

Appendix C. Timeline of TOEFL Origins and the New TOEFL Project—Key Efforts and Decisions

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