Breakthrough!: How Three People Saved

Breakthrough!: How Three People Saved "Blue Babies" and Changed Medicine Forever

by Jim Murphy


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In 1944 an unprecedented surgical procedure repaired the heart of a child with blue baby syndrome—lack of blood oxygen caused by a congenital defect. This landmark operation opened the way for all types of open heart surgery. The team that developed it included a cardiologist and a surgeon, but most of the actual work was done by Vivien Thomas, an African American lab assistant who was frequently mistaken for a janitor. 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780547821832
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Publication date: 12/08/2015
Pages: 144
Sales rank: 810,236
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)
Lexile: 1170L (what's this?)
Age Range: 10 - 12 Years

About the Author

Jim Murphy is the author of An American Plague , which received the Sibert Medal and a Newbery Honor and was selected as a National Book Award finalist. His Clarion titles include The Boys' War and other award-winning nonfiction.

Table of Contents

Preface xi

1 In the "Dos House" 1

2 The Professor and His Assistant 16

3 Surrounded by Failure 27

4 Answered and Unanswered Questions 37

5 The Search 47

6 "All the World Is Asainst It" 55

7 "Vivien, You'd Better Come Down Here" 66

8 Then What Happened? 75

Acknowledgments 101

Source Notes 103

Bibliography 121

Picture Credits 123

Index 125

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