A fascinating and in-depth exploration of how the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and Napoleonshaped Beethoven’s political ideals and inspired his groundbreaking compositions.
Beethoven imbibed Enlightenment and revolutionary ideas in his hometown of Bonn, where they were fervently discussed in cafés and at the university. Moving to Vienna at the age of twenty-one to study with Haydn, he gained renown as a brilliant pianist and innovative composer. In that conservative city, capital of the Hapsburg empire, authorities were ever watchful to curtail and punish overt displays of radical political views. Nevertheless, Beethoven avidly followed the meteoric rise of Napoleon.
As Napoleon had made strides to liberate Europe from aristocratic oppression, so Beethoven desired to liberate humankind through music. He went beyond the musical forms of Haydn and Mozart, notably in the Eroica Symphony and his opera Fidelio, both inspired by the French Revolution and Napoleon.
John Clubbe illuminates Beethoven as a lifelong revolutionary through his compositions, portraits, and writings, and by setting him alongside major cultural figures of the timeamong them Schiller, Goethe, Byron, Chateaubriand, and Goya.
|Publisher:||Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.80(d)|
About the Author
John Clubbe, who holds three degrees from Columbia University,taught chiefly at Duke and the University of Kentucky. He has written books on nineteenth-century cultural history and numerous essays, primarily on Byron, Beethoven, and Napoleon. In Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he now lives, he has given pre-concert lectures for the Santa Fe Pro Musica and the Santa Fe Symphony.
Table of Contents
1 Beethoven in Bonn 1
2 Key Influences: Schiller and Schneider 17
3 Two Cantatas 30
4 The French Revolution 50
5 Brutus and the Egyptian Mysteries 76
6 Hapsburg Vienna 92
7 Beethoven's Vienna 115
8 Beethoven as Traveler and Composer 133
9 The Rise of Napoleon 147
10 Parallel Lives, Beethoven and Napoleon 162
11 The Rise of Beethoven 176
12 The Eroica: Meaning and Dedication 196
13 The Eroica in Its Literary and Artistic Contexts: Seume's Walk to Syracuse and Mahler's Portrait of Beethoven 222
14 Toward Beethoven's 1808 Akademie 247
15 Napoleon in Vienna in 1809; Beethoven Befriends Baron de Tremont 264
16 Composing Egmont 280
17 Bacchus Triumphant: The Seventh Symphony-the Eighth-Wellington's Victory 298
18 Fidelio 318
19 The Congress of Vienna and Its Aftermath 339
20 Beethoven Close Up, 1817-20 364
21 Napoleon's Death, Rossini's Rise 377
22 Beethoven and Grillparzer 389
23 The Missa solemnis and the Ninth Symphony 399
24 Music at the End 418
Index of Beethoven's Works 473
General Index 479