Applied Anatomy and Biomechancis in Sport - 2nd Edition / Edition 2 available in Paperback
Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport, Second Edition, concentrates on the various ways in which an athlete—whether the average participant or the elite competitor—can modify technique to achieve optimal performance. Its emphasis on athletic assessment and physical capacity modification provides a unique perspective that will help coaches and other sport professionals appraise the body structure of their athletes so that strengths can be fully utilized and weaknesses improved. The text also considers growth, development, and gender, and it makes readers aware of mechanical overstresses that can impair performance and cause injuries.
The second edition has undergone a complete revision and is designed with practical application in mind. It includes chapter contributions by respected sport scientists presenting recent research and cutting-edge information on topics such as:
• the development of improved training methods to increase explosive power,
• the use of elastic energy in the development of power and speed,
• the modification of strength and body composition to improve performance, and
• the application of proportionality and posture to sport performance.
Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport relies on current research findings and proven methods in developing physical athletic performance to help readers learn to recognize and use appropriate methods to develop optimal physical qualities for skilled performance. The text categorizes 30 international sports into nine distinct groups organized by common features: racket sports; aquatic sports; gymnastics and power sports; track, field, and cycling; mobile field sports; set field sports; court sports; contact field sports; and martial arts. Within each group, techniques that improve performance are analyzed with specific examples given from a variety of international coaches.
The applied nature of the content is enhanced through a building-block approach that facilitates the understanding of the elements of human performance and how the interaction of those elements can be fine-tuned. The text employs a four-part structure:
• Fundamental Concepts relate to assessment and modification of an athlete's body structure, physical capacity, and technique, as well as talent identification and profiling.
• Applied Anatomy provides both a theoretical framework for valid and reliable assessment and evidence-based modification of an athlete's body structure and physical capacity.
• Applied Biomechanics explains how the analysis of sport technique may be used to improve athletic performance.
• A Practical Example uses in-depth analysis to provide a specific case for assessment of physical capacity and biomechanics of an athlete, the intervention program and technique modification employed, and the resultant influence on the athlete's performance.
Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport covers the latest assessment techniques used by exercise and sport science specialists to evaluate human physiques, physical capacities, and sport techniques. Using this text, readers can integrate and apply the elements of body structure, body composition, assessment, physiology, and biomechanics to assess current capabilities and enhance the performance of athletess.
|Publisher:||Human Kinetics, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||8.70(w) x 11.10(h) x 1.10(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Timothy R. Ackland, PhD, is a professor of functional anatomy and biomechanics in the School of Exercise, Sport Science, and Health at the University of Western Australia. His research interests include the mechanics of human movement with themes spanning exercise rehabilitation, high-performance sport, and human performance in industry. Dr. Ackland has published more than 70 peer-reviewed papers as well as three academic books and 20 book chapters. Currently, Dr. Ackland is a director of Sports Medicine Australia and is on the review boards of four international journals. He recently served as the scientific chair for the fifth IOC World Congress on Sport Sciences for the 2000 Sydney Olympics and as the 2001 conference cochair for Sports Medicine Australia in Perth. Since 1991, he has been the principal of Ackland Marshall and Associates, Ergonomics Consultants.
Bruce C. Elliott, PhD, FACHPER, FASMF, FISBS, FAAKPE, is the senior biomechanist and head of the School of Human Movement and Exercise Science at the University of Western Australia. He has a keen interest in performance optimization and injury reduction in sport and has published more than 170 refereed articles, 50 refereed conference proceedings, and 40 books or book chapters in this general area. He is an editorial board member of Sports Biomechanics, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Journal of Sports Sciences, and the International Journal of Sport and Health Sciences.
Elliott is a sought-after international speaker on the application of biomechanics to sport. He was the keynote speaker at the first World Congress on Racket Sports, the first World Congress of Cricket, and the third World Congress of Medicine and Science in Tennis. A fellow of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Sports Medicine Australia, and the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education, he was also the inaugural chair of the Western Australian Institute of Sport and inaugural vice-president of the Australian Association of Exercise and Sport Science. In addition, Elliot served as the scientific chair for the fifth IOC World Congress on Sport Sciences and was the organizer of the research projects at the Sydney 2000 Olympics. He was the president-elect of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports and sits on the coaching advisory panel of Tennis Australia and the research board of Cricket Australia.
John Bloomfield, PhD, is an emeritus professor at the University of Western Australia and a former director of the Hollywood Functional Rehabilitation Clinic at Hollywood Private Hospital in Perth. He left Australia in 1960 on a Fulbright scholarship to pursue postgraduate study at the University of Oregon in the United States. After receiving his PhD in 1968, he returned to Australia to take a position at the University of Western Australia.
Throughout his notable career, Bloomfield has served as president of Sports Medicine Australia, chairman of the Australian Sports Science Council, chairman of the Australian Institute of Sport, and cochairman of the Australian Sports Commission. He has authored more than 100 scientific papers and five books in sport and sport science as well as three major government reports on the development of sport in Australia. He was a National Surf Lifesaving champion and elite-level swimming coach in Australia and the United States. Bloomfield's research interests and experiences have led him to be a highly regarded lecturer and consultant in 22 countries.
In 1979, Bloomfield was awarded Citizen of the Year in Western Australia and, in 1982, he received Member of the Order of Australia.
Table of Contents
Part I. Fundamental Concepts
Chapter 1. The Assessment and Modification ModelTimothy R. Ackland, PhD, John Bloomfield, PhD, and Bruce C. Elliott, PhDThe Assessment and Modification ModelSports Science Theoretical BaseObservation and AssessmentComparison and ProfilingIntervention PriorityModificationPedagogical ConsiderationsRe-assessmentConclusion
Chapter 2. Talent Identification and ProfilingJason P. Gulbin, PhD, and Timothy R. Ackland, PhDTalent IdentificationProfilingConclusion
Part II. Applied Anatomy: Assessment and Modification of Physical Capacities
Chapter 3. Absolute Body SizeTimothy S. Olds, PhD, and Grant R. Tomkinson, PhDThe Principle of Morphological OptimizationNormative Data on Absolute Body Size in SportspeopleThe Physics of Absolute Body SizeSecular Trends in Absolute Body SizeConsequences of the Search for SizeKinanthropometric Assessment
Chapter 4. Somatotype in SportJ. E. Lindsay Carter, PhD, and Timothy R. Ackland, PhDIntroductionDevelopment of Somatotype Rating MethodsThe Heath-Carter Anthropometric MethodSomatotype and Sport Performance Desirable Body Types for High Level Performance Exceptions to the Standard Body Shape and Size Sport Selection and Somatotype Somatotype ModificationChanges in Body Type During Growth Conclusion
Chapter 5. Body Composition in SportDeborah A. Kerr, PhD, and Arthur D. Stewart, PhDIntroductionFactors Affecting Body CompositionBody Composition AssessmentBody Composition and Sports PerformanceNutritional Changes to Modify Body Composition Conclusions
Chapter 6. ProportionalityTimothy R. Ackland, PhD, and J. Hans De Ridder, PhDSignificance of Proportionality Modification in Sport Effect of Growth on Proportionality Proportionality AssessmentProportionality Applied to Sport Performance Proportionality Characteristics of Athletes Racial Characteristics Body Modification Technique Modification Conclusion
Chapter 7. PosturePeter Hamer, PhD, and John Bloomfield, PhDEvolution and the Development of PostureChanges in Posture During GrowthMaintenance of PostureAdvantages of Good PosturePostural Diversity within IndividualsPosture and its Relationship to SomatotypePostural DefectsStatic and Dynamic PosturePosture AssessmentDesirable Postures for High Level Sport PerformanceModifying Posture and Technique to Improve PerformanceConclusion
Chapter 8. StrengthMichael McGuigan, PhD, and Nicholas Ratamess, PhDRelationship Between Strength, Power and Strength-Endurance Value of Strength in Sport Muscle Structure and Function Muscle Mechanics and Neuromuscular Considerations Factors Affecting the Development of Muscular Function Strength Assessment General Training PrinciplesStrength Training Program DesignStrength Training Methods and TechniquesStrength-Endurance Training MethodsStrength Training, Injuries and Injury PreventionSummary
Chapter 9. PowerRobert U. Newton, PhD, and William J. Kraemer, PhDIntroductionMaximal Power Production DefinedWhy is Maximal Power Important?Factors Contributing to Maximal Power OutputPerformance Qualities Contributing to PowerAssessment of Muscular PowerTraining Methods for the Development of PowerSummary
Chapter 10. SpeedJohn Cronin, PhD, and Anthony J. Blazevich, PhDIntroductionNeural Considerations Morphological ConsiderationsEndocrine Considerations Biochemical Considerations Biomechanical and Anthropometric ConsiderationsAssessing SpeedDeveloping Speed Conclusion
Chapter 11. FlexibilityPatria Hume, PhD, and Duncan Reid MHSc (Hons)Definitions of Stretching and the Resulting Flexibility-ExtensibilityAnatomy and Physiology Components Targeted for StretchingTypes of Stretching Procedure and Technique Mechanisms of Stretching Does Stretching Help Improve Sport Performance or Reduce Risk of Injury?Other Factors Can Affect the Effectiveness of Stretching and the Resulting Flexibility How do you Measure Improvement in Flexibility?Conclusions
Chapter 12. Balance and AgilityDavid Lloyd, PhD, Timothy R. Ackland, PhD, and Jodie Cochrane, PhDFactors Affecting BalanceAssessing BalanceImproving Balance for SportProtection from Joint InjuryFactors Affecting Agility Assessing AgilityImproving Agility for SportConclusion
Chapter 13. Modifying Physical CapacitiesTimothy R. Ackland, PhD, Deborah A. Kerr, PhD, and Robert U. Newton, PhDResistance Training Guidelines Resistance Training Exercises Stretching Exercises Training Programs for Specific Sports Conclusion
Part III. Biomechanics: Assessment and Modification of Sport Techniques
Chapter 14. Analysis of Sports PerformanceBruce Elliott, PhD, and Duane Knudson, PhDModels of Technique AnalysisQualitative or Subjective AnalysisQuantitative Analysis Conclusion
Chapter 15. Image Analysis in Sports PerformanceJacqueline A. Alderson, PhD, and Bruce C. Elliott, PhD BackgroundErrors in Motion AnalysisPlanar Video Analysis3D Motion AnalysisData FilteringConclusions
Chapter 16. The Application of Biomechanics in the Improvement of Sport PerformanceBruce C. Elliott, PhD, and Damian Farrow, PhDInstructional Approaches in Technique ModificationPreparation of Athletes Involved in High-Speed ActivitiesBiomechanical Considerations in Reducing Sporting Injury Rates Conclusion
Chapter 17. Mechanics in Sport: Specific ApplicationsBruce C. Elliott, PhD, Timothy R. Ackland, PhD, and Jacqueline A. Alderson, PhDBalance Newton's Laws of MotionLinking of Linear and Angular Motion Projectile MotionMomentumMoments of Force and Torque EnergyCoefficient of RestitutionCoordination and Summation of Body SegmentsFrictionCentripetal ForceFluid Dynamics
Part IV. Practical Example
Chapter 18. A Practical Example: Pole VaultTimothy R. Ackland, PhD, Andrew Lyttle, PhD, and Bruce C. Elliott, PhDAssessment of Physical Capacity and Intervention ProgramBiomechanical Assessment and Technique ModificationInfluence on Performance
A textbook for students enrolled in sports science curriculums who have already completed a structural anatomy course, including future physical education teachers and coaches. A reference for coaches, physical education teachers, and sport scientists with an interest in studying components of athletic ability.