ISBN-10:
1496338804
ISBN-13:
9781496338808
Pub. Date:
10/13/2017
Publisher:
LWW
ACSM's Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment / Edition 5

ACSM's Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment / Edition 5

by American College of Sports Medicine
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Overview


Published by the American College of Sports Medicine, this authoritative manual teaches health fitness professionals and students how to appropriately conduct fitness assessment testing. The focus on assessment makes this content critical for those studying to enter the fitness and rehabilitation fields, as well as those already working who need to align their practice to industry standards.

This new edition has been fully updated to reflect key changes from the tenth edition of the ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription .

The goal of this Fifth Edition of ACSM’s Health-Related Physical Fitness Manual is to provide a comprehensive overview of why and how to perform assessments of the five health-related components of physical fitness, namely body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781496338808
Publisher: LWW
Publication date: 10/13/2017
Edition description: Fifth
Pages: 208
Sales rank: 599,015
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Preface v

Acknowledgments vii

Reviewers ix

1 Introduction 1

Defining Health-Related Physical Fitness 1

Components of Health-Related Physical Fitness 2

The Importance of Measuring Health-Related Physical Fitness 4

The Relationship of Physical Fitness to Health 4

The Relationship of Physical Fitness to Function 6

Fundamental Principles of Assessment 6

A Specific Assessment Objective 6

The Gold Standard (True Measure) 7

Equipment Calibration 8

Standardization 8

Interpretation Issues 8

The Physical Fitness Professional 9

Academic Training 9

Credentials 9

2 Reassessment Screening 11

Rationale for Preassessment Screening 11

Informed Consent 12

The Informed Consent Process 12

Explanation of Procedures 14

Screening Procedures 15

Health History Questionnaire 17

Other Health Issues to Consider 24

Understanding Medication Usage 24

Summary 24

3 Risk Factor Assessments 27

Rationale for Risk Assessment 27

Resting Blood Pressure 28

Measurement 28

Interpretation 32

Blood Tests 33

Blood Sampling Methods 34

Standard Precautions 34

Interpretation 35

Obesity 36

Measurement of Height and Weight 37

Measurement of Waist Circumference 40

Interpretation 40

Physical Activity 43

Subjective Assessment 43

Objective Assessment 45

Interpretation 46

Other Diseases and Conditions 47

Pulmonary Disease 47

Osteoporosis 49

Summary 50

4 Body Composition 53

Why Measure Body Composition? 53

Health Implications 54

Functional Implications 54

What Is the Gold Standard Test? 54

Clinical Measures 55

Magnetic Resonance imaging and Computed Tomography 55

Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry 55

Tests of Body Volume 56

Hydrostatic (Underwater) Weighing 56

Plethysmography 62

Anthropometry 63

Skinfold Measurements 63

Circumferences Measurements 69

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis 70

Interpretation 71

Estimation of Goal Body Weight 74

Summary 74

5 Muscular Fitness 77

Why Measure Muscular Fitness? 77

Unique Assessment Principles 78

Types of Contractions 78

Familiarization 79

Method of Loading 79

Proper Positioning 80

Specificity 80

Muscular Fitness Continuum 81

Strength Assessments 81

Static 81

Dynamic 84

Endurance Assessments 86

Static 86

Dynamic 87

Interpretation Issues 92

Summary 93

6 Flexibility 96

Flexibility as a Component of Health-Related Physical Fitness 96

Unique Assessment Principles 97

Specificity 97

Warm-Up 97

Methods of Measurement 97

Distance Tests for Assessment of Flexibility 99

Sit-and-Reach Test 99

Assessment of lumbar Flexion 100

Assessment of Lumbar Extension 100

Range of Motion Defined 102

Goniometers: Tools to Measure Range of Motion 103

Range of Motion Assessment Overview 103

Specific Range of Motion Tests 104

Interpretation 110

Summary 111

7 Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Estimation from Field and Submaximal Exercise Tests 113

Why Measure Cardiorespiratory Fitness? 114

What Is the Gold Standard Test? 114

Deciding on Which Method to Use 115

Pretest Standardizations for Cardiorespiratory Fitness Assessments 115

Field Tests for Prediction of Aerobic Capacity 115

Step Tests 116

Fixed Distance Tests 117

Fixed Time Tests 118

Submaximal Exercise Tests 119

Predicting Maximal Heart Rate 119

Test Termination Criteria 119

Monitoring 120

Exercise Modes 121

Åstrand Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Test 124

Treadmill 131

Interpretation 132

Sources of Error in Submaximal Prediction 132

Summary 133

8 Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Maximal Exercise Testing 135

Why Use Maximal Exercise Tests to Measure Cardiorespiratory Fitness? 135

Risks 136

Contraindications 137

Monitoring 137

Personnel 138

Selecting the Mode for Testing 140

Protocols 141

Bruce Protocol 144

Balke-Ware Protocol 144

Ball State University/Bruce Ramp Protocol 145

Running Protocol 146

Cycle Protocols 147

Test Procedures 148

Supervisor 148

Test Monitoring Roles 148

Measured and Estimated VO2max 149

Estimating VO2max from Exercise Test Time 149

Estimating VO2max from Peak Workload 150

Interpretation 150

Summary 150

Appendix A Conversions 159

Appendix B Forms 161

Index 171

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